How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M. (2010). Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature, 464(7288), 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boller, T., & He, S. Y. (2009). Innate immunity in plants: an arms race between pattern recognition receptors in plants and effectors in microbial pathogens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5928), 742–744.
A journal article with 3 authors
Debs, J. E., Robins, N. P., & Close, J. D. (2013). Physics. Measuring mass in seconds. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6119), 532–533.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dunn, M., Terrill, A., Reesink, G., Foley, R. A., & Levinson, S. C. (2005). Structural phylogenetics and the reconstruction of ancient language history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2072–2075.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Institute of Timber Constr. (2012). Timber Construction Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chabot, J. (2016). Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians: One Hundred Years of Uncertain Representation. (R. Godin, S. Kappler, & S. Kasparian, Eds.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Buck, M. (2014). Patient Treatment. In D. Beckers & M. Buck (Eds.), PNF in Practice: An Illustrated Guide (pp. 53–61). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 10). Life On Earth Is Used To Gravity – So What Happens To Our Cells And Tissues In Space? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Telecommunications: Wire-Based Competition Benefited Consumers In Selected Markets (No. GAO-04-241). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, R. (2009). Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, October 8). Nationals Stage a Late Comeback, Perhaps Exorcising Some Demons. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockhurst 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Boller and He 2009; Brockhurst 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boller and He 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dunn et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

Other styles