How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferguson, S. M. (2015). MEDICINE. Membrane traffic en route to cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6257), 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ives, A. R., & Whitlock, M. C. (2002). Ecology. Inbreeding and metapopulations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5554), 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knapp, S., Polaszek, A., & Watson, M. (2007). Spreading the word. Nature, 446(7133), 261–262.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Zhu, L., Wang, R., Miao, L., Jiang, H., Yuan, H., et al. (2014). Genetic variants in let-7/Lin28 modulate the risk of oral cavity cancer in a Chinese Han population. Scientific reports, 4, 7434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickenson, J., Freeman, F., Mills, C. L., Sivasubramaniam, S., & Thode, C. (2012). Molecular Pharmacology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Banerjee, B., & Ceri, S. (Eds.). (2016). Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Obukhovskii, V., Zecca, P., Van Loi, N., & Kornev, S. (2013). Second-Order Differential Inclusions. In P. Zecca, N. Van Loi, & S. Kornev (Eds.), Method of Guiding Functions in Problems of Nonlinear Analysis (pp. 105–129). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 23). Tesla Powers A Whole Island With Solar Power. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Critical Infrastructure: Challenges Remain in Protecting Key Sectors (No. GAO-07-626T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navolio, L. M. (2004). The process of individuation as embodied in symbols, images, and alchemical motifs: A psychological study based on twelve paintings by Remedios Varo (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, September 16). For the Fierce Of Foot. New York Times, p. E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferguson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferguson 2015; Ives and Whitlock 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ives and Whitlock 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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