How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz, H. (2003). Chemistry. Shaped laser pulses as reagents. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5606), 525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smaglik, P., & Smith, A. (2002). A route to flexible working. Nature, 415(6872), 4–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skipper, M., Dhand, R., & Campbell, P. (2012). Presenting ENCODE. Nature, 489(7414), 45.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Sun, C.-M., Hu, X.-Q., & Zhao, Y. (2014). Relationship between melatonin receptor 1B and insulin receptor substrate 1 polymorphisms with gestational diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 6113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kudnig, S. T., & Séguin, B. (2012). Veterinary Surgical Oncology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Kosowski, A., & Walukiewicz, I. (Eds.). (2015). Fundamentals of Computation Theory: 20th International Symposium, FCT 2015, Gdańsk, Poland, August 17-19, 2015, Proceedings (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 9210). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Elkies, N. D., & Kominers, S. D. (2013). Weighted Generating Functions for Type II Lattices and Codes. In K. Alladi, M. Bhargava, D. Savitt, & P. H. Tiep (Eds.), Quadratic and Higher Degree Forms (pp. 63–108). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 8). Scientists Make Neurons From Human Skin Cells Using Only Chemicals. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Difficulties of the Neighborhood Youth Corps In-School Program and Its Management Problems (No. B-130515). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fouts, J. (2014). A mental health outreach program for adolescent gang members and at-risk youth: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, August 4). Poets to Discover. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabitz 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rabitz 2003; Smaglik and Smith 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smaglik and Smith 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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