How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cherry, M. (2000). Construction starts on largest telescope in the south. Nature, 407(6800), 4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, G., & Long, G. (2014). Universal nonadiabatic geometric gates in two-qubit decoherence-free subspaces. Scientific reports, 4, 6814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell, I., Wisdom, J., & Zuber, M. T. (2006). Evidence for a past high-eccentricity lunar orbit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 652–655.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, K. Y., Peters, M. C., Anderson, K. W., & Mooney, D. J. (2000). Controlled growth factor release from synthetic extracellular matrices. Nature, 408(6815), 998–1000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Promislow, S. D. (2010). Fundamentals of Actuarial Mathematics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Andersen, M. L., & Tufik, S. (Eds.). (2016). Rodent Model as Tools in Ethical Biomedical Research (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, G. (2013). Poverty and Minority Children’s Education in the USA: Case Study of a Sudanese Refugee Family. In D. J. Johnson, D. L. Agbényiga, & R. K. Hitchcock (Eds.), Vulnerable Children: Global Challenges in Education, Health, Well-Being, and Child Rights (pp. 55–70). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 14). Why More Scientists Are Needed In The Public Square. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Public Transportation: New Starts Program Challenges and Preliminary Observations on Expediting Project Development (No. GAO-09-763T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, E. I. (2009). Caregiver wellness: An inquiry of health risks among frontline direct caregivers of the elderly and disabled (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (2009, January 24). Stranger in the Night. New York Times, p. CY3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cherry 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cherry 2000; Xu and Long 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Long 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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