How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lavington, S. (2001). Obituary: Tom Kilburn (1921-2001). Nature, 409(6823), 996.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B., & Bourillot, P. Y. (2001). Morphogen gradient interpretation. Nature, 413(6858), 797–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mabe, S., Nagamune, T., & Kawahara, M. (2014). Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells. Scientific reports, 4, 6127.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Karamichos, D., Hutcheon, A. E. K., Rich, C. B., Trinkaus-Randall, V., Asara, J. M., & Zieske, J. D. (2014). In vitro model suggests oxidative stress involved in keratoconus disease. Scientific reports, 4, 4608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Colloms, M., & Darlington, P. (2005). High Performance Loudspeakers. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Wang, Z. M. (Ed.). (2013). FIB Nanostructures (Vol. 20). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov, I., Poizner, B., Romanov, I., & Smolskiy, S. (2016). Single- and Double-Circuit Nonlinear Ring InterferometerInterferometer – Double-Circuit Nonlinear Ring Interferometer (Dnri) as a CiphererCipherer in Optical SystemsCipherer – Cipherer in Optical Systems of Synchronous Chaotic Communications. In B. Poizner, I. Romanov, & S. Smolskiy (Eds.), Cryptology Transmitted Message Protection: From Deterministic Chaos up to Optical Vortices (pp. 215–257). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, June 15). You Can Watch A Blue Origin Rocket Launch Live For The First Time This Friday. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Consumers’ Location Data: Companies Take Steps to Protect Privacy, but Practices Are Inconsistent, and Risks May Not be Clear to Consumers (No. GAO-14-649T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sylvain, O. (2010). Domesticating “the Great, Throbbing, Common Pulse of America”: A Study of the Ideological Origins of the Radio Act of 1927 (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, January 28). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: 7 Killed In North Caucasus Shootout. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lavington 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gurdon and Bourillot 2001; Lavington 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gurdon and Bourillot 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Karamichos et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

Other styles