How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barton, R. A. (2002). How did brains evolve? Nature, 415(6868), 134–135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Discher, D. E., & Eisenberg, A. (2002). Polymer vesicles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5583), 967–973.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chester, J. S., Chester, F. M., & Kronenberg, A. K. (2005). Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system. Nature, 437(7055), 133–136.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Galburt, E. A., Grill, S. W., Wiedmann, A., Lubkowska, L., Choy, J., Nogales, E., et al. (2007). Backtracking determines the force sensitivity of RNAP II in a factor-dependent manner. Nature, 446(7137), 820–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fan, J. (2010). Multiscale Analysis of Deformation and Failure of Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pla, L. (2012). Quantifying Functional Biodiversity. (F. Casanoves & J. Di Rienzo, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dai, X., Zhang, Y., Cao, Y., & Wang, D. (2008). Stable Multirate Control Algorithm for Haptic Dental Training System. In C. Xiong, H. Liu, Y. Huang, & Y. Xiong (Eds.), Intelligent Robotics and Applications: First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings, Part II (pp. 27–35). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 18). Bicycle Bottle System Condenses Humidity From Air Into Drinkable Water. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Department of Education: Management of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (No. HRD-90-21BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan, S. N. (2012). Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2010, November 16). As Payouts Rise, New Tactics By the U.S. Pension Insurer. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barton 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barton 2002; Discher and Eisenberg 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Discher and Eisenberg 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Galburt et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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