How to format your references using the Journal of Adult Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adult Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Helgen, K. M. (2011). Evolution. The mammal family tree. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6055), 458–459.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, Y. Q., & Marcus, R. A. (2001). Strange and unconventional isotope effects in ozone formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5528), 259–263.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shaviv, N. J., Prokoph, A., & Veizer, J. (2014). Is the solar system’s galactic motion imprinted in the Phanerozoic climate? Scientific reports, 4, 6150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sharp, S. P., McGowan, A., Wood, M. J., & Hatchwell, B. J. (2005). Learned kin recognition cues in a social bird. Nature, 434(7037), 1127–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dosil, J. (2008). Eating Disorders in Athletes. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Castano, S., Vassiliadis, P., Lakshmanan, L. V., & Lee, M. L. (Eds.). (2012). Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2012 Workshops CMS, ECDM-NoCoDA, MoDIC, MORE-BI, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, Florence, Italy, October 15-18, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 7518). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dell’Antonio, G., & Michelangeli, A. (2015). Dynamics on a Graph as the Limit of the Dynamics on a “Fat Graph.” In D. Mugnolo (Ed.), Mathematical Technology of Networks: Bielefeld, December 2013 (pp. 49–64). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adult Development.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, June 20). Stories Of Vaccine-Related Harms Are Influential, Even When People Don’t Believe Them. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Aviation Security: Risk, Experience, and Customer Concerns Drive Changes to Airline Passenger Screening Procedures, but Evaluation and Documentation of Proposed Changes Could Be Improved (No. GAO-07-634). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michaels, J. L. (2009). Changing cooperation to competition disrupts attitudes and valence: First test of a dynamical model (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2016, October 20). Leading a Paper’s Shift as Journalism Evolves. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Helgen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gao and Marcus 2001; Helgen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao and Marcus 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharp et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adult Development
AbbreviationJ. Adult Dev.
ISSN (print)1068-0667
ISSN (online)1573-3440
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Life-span and Life-course Studies

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