How to format your references using the Personal and Ubiquitous Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Howard K (2003) San Diego. Nature 426:689
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Helffrich GR, Wood BJ (2001) The Earth’s mantle. Nature 412:501–507
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sasaki T, Matsuki N, Ikegaya Y (2011) Action-potential modulation during axonal conduction. Science 331:599–601
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Quan T, Li J, Zhou H, et al (2014) Digital reconstruction of the cell body in dense neural circuits using a spherical-coordinated variational model. Sci Rep 4:4970

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dehn MJ (2010) Long-Term Memory Problems in Children and Adolescents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Dang QA, Nguyen XH, Le HB, et al (2015) Some Current Advanced Researches on Information and Computer Science in Vietnam: Post-proceedings of The First NAFOSTED Conference on Information and Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Semenistaya TV (2016) Polyacrylonitrile-Based Materials: Properties, Methods and Applications. In: Parinov IA, Chang S-H, Topolov VY (eds) Advanced Materials: Manufacturing, Physics, Mechanics and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) Has The “Eighth Wonder Of The World” Been Found Again After Being Lost For 131 Years? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/eighth-wonder-world-found-again-after-lost-131-years/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Federal Research: Super Collider Is Over Budget and Behind Schedule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Krisher J (2017) Cell-Matrix Interaction: Activation of the MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway in Salivary Gland Cells. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Baker P, Shear MD (2017) President Shifts Rationale For Firing F.B.I. Director, Calling Him a ‘Showboat.’ New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePersonal and Ubiquitous Computing
AbbreviationPers. Ubiquitous Comput.
ISSN (print)1617-4909
ISSN (online)1617-4917
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles