How to format your references using the Personal and Ubiquitous Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Perez R (2012) Chemistry. Discriminating chemical bonds. Science 337:1305–1306
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rickaby REM, Halloran P (2005) Cool La Niña during the warmth of the Pliocene? Science 307:1948–1952
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zwieniecki MA, Melcher PJ, Michele Holbrook NM (2001) Hydrogel control of xylem hydraulic resistance in plants. Science 291:1059–1062
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Vlad A, Singh N, Rolland J, et al (2014) Hybrid supercapacitor-battery materials for fast electrochemical charge storage. Sci Rep 4:4315

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morris AS (2006) ISO 14000 Environmental Management Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Rannenberg K, Royer D, Deuker A (2009) The Future of Identity in the Information Society. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mandow L, de la Cruz JLP (2009) A Memory-Efficient Search Strategy for Multiobjective Shortest Path Problems. In: Mertsching B, Hund M, Aziz Z (eds) KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Salmon Sperm Could Help Us Recycle Rare Earth Elements. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/salmon-sperm-could-help-us-recycle-rare-earth-elements/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Actions Needed to Address Credit Union Systems’ Year 2000 Problem. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Li L (2012) Internal conflicts through external design: Costuming the contradictions in “The Love Song of J. Robert Oppenheimer.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2009) A Fresh Pita Oasis, Plus Kebabs and Flatbreads. New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePersonal and Ubiquitous Computing
AbbreviationPers. Ubiquitous Comput.
ISSN (print)1617-4909
ISSN (online)1617-4917
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles