How to format your references using the Personal and Ubiquitous Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P (2015) Carl Djerassi (1923-2015). Nature 519:34
A journal article with 2 authors
Richards-Kortum R, Oden M (2013) Engineering. Devices for low-resource health care. Science 342:1055–1057
A journal article with 3 authors
Sword GA, Lorch PD, Gwynne DT (2005) Insect behaviour: migratory bands give crickets protection. Nature 433:703
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Faraci G, Pennisi AR, Alberti A, et al (2013) Giant photoluminescence emission in crystalline faceted Si grains. Sci Rep 3:2674

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark G (2014) The Making of a World City. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Michel AN (2015) Stability of Dynamical Systems: On the Role of Monotonic and Non-Monotonic Lyapunov Functions, 2nd ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Moukalled F, Mangani L, Darwish M (2016) The Finite Volume Method. In: Mangani L, Darwish M (eds) The Finite Volume Method in Computational Fluid Dynamics: An Advanced Introduction with OpenFOAM® and Matlab. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 103–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Personal and Ubiquitous Computing.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) We Don’t Need To Cut Down Forests To Produce More Food, Says UN Report. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Science and Engineering Manpower Forecasting: Its Use in Policymaking. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit J (2008) A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hyduk J (2016) Looking Back (Sigh) at the End (Sigh) of a Great Season (Sigh). New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePersonal and Ubiquitous Computing
AbbreviationPers. Ubiquitous Comput.
ISSN (print)1617-4909
ISSN (online)1617-4917
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Management Science and Operations Research

Other styles