How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartwig JF (2002) Chemical synthesis. Raising the bar for the “perfect reaction.” Science 297:1653–1654
A journal article with 2 authors
Chin G, Culotta E (2014) The science of inequality. What the numbers tell us. Introduction. Science 344:818–821
A journal article with 3 authors
De Pontieu B, Erdélyi R, James SP (2004) Solar chromospheric spicules from the leakage of photospheric oscillations and flows. Nature 430:536–539
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Vollbrecht E, Springer PS, Goh L, et al (2005) Architecture of floral branch systems in maize and related grasses. Nature 436:1119–1126

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM (2009) Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nguyen N-T, Le-Thi HA (2014) Transactions on Computational Intelligence XIII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kitraki E (2014) BPA Effects In Vivo: Evidence from Animal Studies. In: Eliades T, Eliades G (eds) Plastics in Dentistry and Estrogenicity: A Guide to Safe Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 89–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Ready For Climate Change Is Your Town Or City? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Triennial Assessment of the Tennessee Valley Authority--Fiscal Years 1977-1979. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey SB (2017) Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2014) Two Exhibitions, From Cover to Cover. New York Times CT10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-6158
ISSN (online)1864-6166
Cell Biology

Other styles