How to format your references using the Journal of Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gramling C (2008) Science careers. In the geosciences, business is booming. Science 321:856–857
A journal article with 2 authors
Malin MC, Edgett KS (2003) Evidence for persistent flow and aqueous sedimentation on early Mars. Science 302:1931–1934
A journal article with 3 authors
Weng J-K, Philippe RN, Noel JP (2012) The rise of chemodiversity in plants. Science 336:1667–1670
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stephan KE, Marshall JC, Friston KJ, et al (2003) Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain. Science 301:384–386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman BW (2011) How Food Made History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Pavelka M (2015) Functional Ultrastructure: Atlas of Tissue Biology and Pathology, 3rd ed. 2015. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Raghavan P (2007) Web Search: Bridging Information Retrieval and Microeconomic Modeling. In: Aluru S, Parashar M, Badrinath R, Prasanna VK (eds) High Performance Computing – HiPC 2007: 14th International Conference, Goa, India, December 18-21, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 6–6

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chemical Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) This Water-Powered CubeSat Might Be Sent To The Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Crop Insurance Program: Nationwide Computer Acquisition Is Inappropriate at This Time. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herrlich A (2010) Transparency and medical interventions in vital statistics reports: Quantitative research and analysis. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B (2017) In One Brief Moment, Rangers Finally Win Playoff Game at Home. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chemical Biology
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1864-6158
ISSN (online)1864-6166
Cell Biology

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