How to format your references using the Head and Neck Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Head and Neck Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baker PA. Paleoclimate. Trans-Atlantic climate connections. Science. 2002;296:67–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Charbonneau P, Smolarkiewicz PK. Astronomy. Modeling the solar dynamo. Science. 2013;340:42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lee H, Chah O-K, Sheen J. Stem-cell-triggered immunity through CLV3p-FLS2 signalling. Nature. 2011;473:376–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Fiegna F, Yu Y-TN, Kadam SV, Velicer GJ. Evolution of an obligate social cheater to a superior cooperator. Nature. 2006;441:310–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Martinelli RJ, Waddell JM, Rahschulte TJ. Program Management for Improved Business Results. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Wu Y, editor. Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Joussen AM. Is Diabetic Retinopathy an Inflammatory Disease? Inflammation as a Stimulus for Vascular Leakage and Proliferati on. In: Forrester JV, editor. Uveitis and Immunological Disorders. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 29–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Head and Neck Pathology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Charge Gadgets Just By Walking [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/charge-gadgets-just-walking/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Education Funding: Allocation to State and Local Agencies for 10 Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: HEHS-99-180.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Murdock M. Memoir as contemporary myth [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Selling Tea as Serenity, Not Snobbery. New York Times. 2000 Oct 1;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHead and Neck Pathology
AbbreviationHead Neck Pathol.
ISSN (print)1936-055X
ISSN (online)1936-0568
ScopeOncology
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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