How to format your references using the Head and Neck Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Head and Neck Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schiermeier Q. Bid to end EU’s transgenic impasse. Nature. 2001;413:661.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sczepanski JT, Joyce GF. A cross-chiral RNA polymerase ribozyme. Nature. 2014;515:440–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schoener TW, Losos JB, Spiller DA. Island biogeography of populations: an introduced species transforms survival patterns. Science. 2005;310:1807–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Voyles J, Woodhams DC, Saenz V, Byrne AQ, Perez R, Rios-Sotelo G, et al. Shifts in disease dynamics in a tropical amphibian assemblage are not due to pathogen attenuation. Science. 2018;359:1517–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Klepinger LL. Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1. Hübel A. Biopatent Law: Patent Strategies and Patent Management. Schmelcher T, Storz U, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Keller DS, Delaney CP. SILS Total Colectomy and Proctocolectomy with Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis (IPAA). In: Law WL, Delaney CP, editors. Single Incision Laparoscopic and Transanal Colorectal Surgery. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Head and Neck Pathology.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Insects Are Helping Us Develop The Future Of Hearing Aids [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/insects-are-helping-us-develop-the-future-of-hearing-aids/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface and Maritime Transportation: Developing Strategies for Enhancing Mobility: A National Challenge. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Aug. Report No.: GAO-02-775.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kaplan CM. Understanding the Anxiolytic Effects of Alcohol on the Central Extended Amygdala in Humans [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices’ Vote in Death Case Is Close Again, but Differing. New York Times. 2007 May 15;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHead and Neck Pathology
AbbreviationHead Neck Pathol.
ISSN (print)1936-055X
ISSN (online)1936-0568
ScopeOncology
Otorhinolaryngology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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