How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Briciu, A.-E. (2014). Wavelet analysis of lunar semidiurnal tidal influence on selected inland rivers across the globe. Scientific reports, 4, 4193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shelke, S. A., & Piccirilli, J. A. (2014). Origins of life: RNA made in its own mirror image. Nature, 515(7527), 347–348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gill, R. J., Ramos-Rodriguez, O., & Raine, N. E. (2012). Combined pesticide exposure severely affects individual- and colony-level traits in bees. Nature, 491(7422), 105–108.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, M., Leung, K.-H., Lin, S., Chan, D. S.-H., Kwong, D. W. J., Leung, C.-H., & Ma, D.-L. (2014). A colorimetric chemosensor for Cu2+ ion detection based on an iridium(III) complex. Scientific reports, 4, 6794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D., & Balog, E. (2012). Advanced Technical Analysis of ETFs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Goodarzi, E. (2014). Introduction to Optimization Analysis in Hydrosystem Engineering. (M. Ziaei & E. Z. Hosseinipour, Eds.) (Vol. 25). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Martins, T. E. (2016). Student Views on Cross-Border Higher Education: The Views of the European Students’ Union. In M. J. Rosa, C. S. Sarrico, O. Tavares, & A. Amaral (Eds.), Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education (pp. 93–102). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 16). Doctors Find 150 Worms Living Inside A Woman’s Stomach. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Highway Trust Fund: Overview of Highway Trust Fund Financing (No. GAO-02-435T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cacciola, J. A. (2010). A quantitative study on retaining leadership talent within a naval aviation squadron (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, August 25). Monopoly Goes Corporate. New York Times, p. SR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Transl. Res.
ISSN (print)1937-5387
ISSN (online)1937-5395
Molecular Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles