How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research (J. of Cardiovasc. Trans. Res.). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, K. (2010). Treatment frontiers. Nature, 466(7310), S15-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez, A. G., & Lozano, E. (2005). Body doubles. Nature, 433(7022), 111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kotiaho, J. S., Simmons, L. W., & Tomkins, J. L. (2001). Towards a resolution of the lek paradox. Nature, 410(6829), 684–686.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yao, H., Price, T. T., Cantelli, G., Ngo, B., Warner, M. J., Olivere, L., … Sipkins, D. A. (2018). Leukaemia hijacks a neural mechanism to invade the central nervous system. Nature, 560(7716), 55–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd, K. (2005). Measuring Market Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Vayenas, C., White, R. E., & Gamboa-Aldeco, M. E. (Eds.). (2007). Modern Aspects Of Electrochemistry (Vol. 41). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krempl, G., & Alleman, A. (2016). Cancer of the Nasopharynx. In J. E. Medina & N. R. Vasan (Eds.), Cancer of the Oral Cavity, Pharynx and Larynx: Evidence-Based Decision Making (pp. 51–63). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, May 18). Watch This Mother Grey Whale Defend Her Calf From Attacking Orcas. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Guidance Needed to Protect Government’s Interest (No. NSIAD-98-151). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jennings, S. (2015). Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby, S. (2013, November 3). Keep the Gates of Paradise Open. New York Times, p. SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Transl. Res.
ISSN (print)1937-5387
ISSN (online)1937-5395
Molecular Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles