How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brooke, M. (2014). In retrospect: The Courtship Habits of the Great Crested Grebe. Nature, 513(7519), 484–485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robbins, D. W., & Hartwig, J. F. (2011). A simple, multidimensional approach to high-throughput discovery of catalytic reactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6048), 1423–1427.
A journal article with 3 authors
d’Aignaux, J. N., Cousens, S. N., & Smith, P. G. (2001). Predictability of the UK variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease epidemic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1729–1731.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Inoue, D., Ohe, M., Kanemori, Y., Nobui, T., & Sagata, N. (2007). A direct link of the Mos-MAPK pathway to Erp1/Emi2 in meiotic arrest of Xenopus laevis eggs. Nature, 446(7139), 1100–1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barton, L. L., & Northup, D. E. (2011). Microbial Ecology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Henderson, B. A. (Ed.). (2016). Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (1st ed. 2016.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lakshmikantham, V., Leela, S., & Martynyuk, A. A. (2015). Stability In The Models of Real World Phenomena. In S. Leela & A. A. Martynyuk (Eds.), Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems (pp. 253–309). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 29). Record High To Record Low: What On Earth Is Happening To Antarctica’s Sea Ice? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown (No. T-AIMD-98-212). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corral, D. C. (2010). A grant proposal: Parent and adolescent support group (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., & Alcindor, Y. (2017, October 1). Democrats on Tightrope In Immigration Debate. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Transl. Res.
ISSN (print)1937-5387
ISSN (online)1937-5395
Molecular Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles