How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaffer, C. H. (2006). The charge-up man. Nature, 444(7119), 652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maerkl, S. J., & Quake, S. R. (2007). A systems approach to measuring the binding energy landscapes of transcription factors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5809), 233–237.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti, V., Lloyd, S., & Maccone, L. (2004). Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1330–1336.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, W., Pohl, T., Rost, J. M., Rittenhouse, S. T., Sadeghpour, H. R., Nipper, J., … Pfau, T. (2011). A homonuclear molecule with a permanent electric dipole moment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1110–1114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Franco, P. (2014). Understanding Bitcoin. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sengupta, A. (2013). Productivity, Separability and Deprivation: A Study on Female Workers in the Indian Informal Service Sector. (S. K. Datta & S. Mondal, Eds.). New Delhi: Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Beichler, B., Schulz, T., Haubelt, C., & Golatowski, F. (2015). A Parametric Dataflow Model for the Speed and Distance Monitoring in Novel Train Control Systems. In M. R. Mousavi & C. Berger (Eds.), Cyber Physical Systems. Design, Modeling, and Evaluation: 5th International Workshop, CyPhy 2015, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 8, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 56–66). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 30). Citizen Scientists Find Five New Supernovae. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs a More Comprehensive Approach to Address Cybersecurity As Agency Transitions to NextGen (No. GAO-15-370). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, N. (2015). Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, August 17). Playing in Cooperstown, On a Team of Their Own. New York Times, p. LI5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Transl. Res.
ISSN (print)1937-5387
ISSN (online)1937-5395
Molecular Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles