How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts B. DNA replication and recombination. Nature. 2003;421(6921):431-435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plaçais P-Y, Preat T. To favor survival under food shortage, the brain disables costly memory. Science. 2013;339(6118):440-442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai G, Zhang Y, Hao J. Tuning of near-infrared luminescence of SrTiO3:Ni2+ thin films grown on piezoelectric PMN-PT via strain engineering. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5724.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kumar N, Attri P, Yadav DK, Choi J, Choi EH, Uhm HS. Induced apoptosis in melanocytes cancer cell and oxidation in biomolecules through deuterium oxide generated from atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma jet. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sahinoglu M. Cyber-Risk Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Ebeling W, Hulek K, Smoczyk K, eds. Complex and Differential Geometry: Conference Held at Leibniz Universität Hannover, September 14 – 18, 2009. Vol 8. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Blance A. Multilevel Modelling. In: Tu Y-K, Greenwood DC, eds. Modern Methods for Epidemiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012:73-91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2028 To Provide Rare Opportunity For Planet Hunting Around Alpha Centauri. IFLScience. Published October 25, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim JW. Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Gives Employees Broader Protection Against Retaliation in Workplace. New York Times. June 23, 2006:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.
ISSN (print)0975-3583
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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