How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sultan F. Analysis of mammalian brain architecture. Nature. 2002;415(6868):133-134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youle RJ, van der Bliek AM. Mitochondrial fission, fusion, and stress. Science. 2012;337(6098):1062-1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turi L, Sheu WS, Rossky PJ. Characterization of excess electrons in water-cluster anions by quantum simulations. Science. 2005;309(5736):914-917.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Y, Ma J, Wang J, et al. Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mihajlovic-Madzarevic V. Clinical Trials Audit Preparation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Hayat MA, ed. Tumor Dormancy, Quiescence, and Senescence, Volume 2: Aging, Cancer, and Noncancer Pathologies. Vol 2. Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rovenský J, Vašáková M. Sine Syndrome in Systemic Sclerosis. In: Rovenský J, Herold M, Vašáková M, eds. Sine Syndromes in Rheumatology. Springer; 2014:23-29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Develop Way Watch HIV Spreading Through The Body In Real Time. IFLScience. Published October 8, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Office of Education Should Improve Procedures To Recover Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder K. Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Tuning Up to Do the Super Bowl Shovel. New York Times. December 28, 2010:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.
ISSN (print)0975-3583
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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