How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woof JM. Immunology. Tipping the scales toward more effective antibodies. Science. 2005;310(5753):1442-1443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sahakian B, Morein-Zamir S. Professor’s little helper. Nature. 2007;450(7173):1157-1159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi K, Mitsui K, Yamanaka S. Role of ERas in promoting tumour-like properties in mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature. 2003;423(6939):541-545.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zazula GD, Froese DG, Schweger CE, et al. Palaeobotany: Ice-age steppe vegetation in east Beringia. Nature. 2003;423(6940):603.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heines MH. First to File. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Timmerhaus KD, Reed RP, eds. Cryogenic Engineering. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Royer JJ, Mejia P, Caumon G, Collon P. 3D and 4D Geomodelling Applied to Mineral Resources Exploration—An Introduction. In: Weihed P, ed. 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe. Mineral Resource Reviews. Springer International Publishing; 2015:73-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Star Trek’s Photon Torpedoes Are Almost Possible. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Equipment: FAA’s Use of a Suspended Contractor. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart MM. R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilefsky D. May Still Expected to Win, but Lead Narrows After Missteps. New York Times. May 31, 2017:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.
ISSN (print)0975-3583
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles