How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wildfeuer C. Physics. Managing multistate quantum entanglement. Science. 2010;328(5980):835-836.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto RM, Pollard D. Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature. 2003;421(6920):245-249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner DE, Wang IE, Reddien PW. Clonogenic neoblasts are pluripotent adult stem cells that underlie planarian regeneration. Science. 2011;332(6031):811-816.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu WJ, Erickson JW, Lin R, Cerione RA. The gamma-subunit of the coatomer complex binds Cdc42 to mediate transformation. Nature. 2000;405(6788):800-804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lipiansky E. Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Cheng HM, ed. Physiology Question-Based Learning: Neurophysiology, Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Systems. Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pattillo J, Youssef N, Butenko S. Clique Relaxation Models in Social Network Analysis. In: Thai MT, Pardalos PM, eds. Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks. Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer; 2012:143-162.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Disease Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Fast Radio Bursts Also Produce Huge Gamma-Ray Flares. IFLScience. Published November 14, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Abstinence Education: Assessing the Accuracy and Effectiveness of Federally Funded Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wager L. Racial differences in the relationship between child externalizing and corporal punishment: The role of other discipline strategies. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer J. Cruz’s Jab at Trump, and the Politics of Hypocrisy. New York Times. January 15, 2016:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Disease Research
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Dis. Res.
ISSN (print)0975-3583
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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