How to format your references using the Mitochondrion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mitochondrion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bynum, W.F., 2001. Nature’s helping hand. Nature 414, 21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koentges, G., Matsuoka, T., 2002. Evolution. Jaws of the fates. Science 298, 371–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Carpenter, S.J., Erickson, J.M., Holland, F.D., Jr, 2003. Migration of a Late Cretaceous fish. Nature 423, 70–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Scott, T.F., Kowalski, B.A., Sullivan, A.C., Bowman, C.N., McLeod, R.R., 2009. Two-color single-photon photoinitiation and photoinhibition for subdiffraction photolithography. Science 324, 913–917.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Doeuff, R., Zaïm, M.E.H., 2013. Rotating Electrical Machines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Lewis, M.A., Dietel, M., Scriba, P.C., Raff, W.K. (Eds.), 2006. Biology und Epidemiology of Hormone Replacement Therapy: Discussions on Post-Menopausal Health, Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop Supplement 13. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ulrich Hoppe, H., 2009. The Disappearing Computer: Consequences for Educational Technology?, in: Dillenbourg, P., Huang, J., Cherubini, M. (Eds.), Interactive Artifacts and Furniture Supporting Collaborative Work and Learning. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 1–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mitochondrion.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Astronaut Captures Spectacular Image Of Planetary Alignment From Space [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Technology Assessment: Neutron Detectors: Alternatives to Using Helium-3 (No. GAO-11-753). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hemschik, T.K., 2008. Course designs, instructional strategies, and support systems in K–8 online education: A case study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2007. Near Seattle, Tribal Casinos Lead to Even Bigger Bets. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bynum, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bynum, 2001; Koentges and Matsuoka, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koentges and Matsuoka, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Scott et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMitochondrion
ISSN (print)1567-7249
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

Other styles