How to format your references using the Mitochondrion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mitochondrion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H., 2001. Tips for sequence centre job-seekers. Nature 409, 964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Millar, C.I., Stephenson, N.L., 2015. Temperate forest health in an era of emerging megadisturbance. Science 349, 823–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandfield, J.L., Glotch, T.D., Christensen, P.R., 2003. Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science 301, 1084–1087.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shin, Y.-H., Grinberg, I., Chen, I.-W., Rappe, A.M., 2007. Nucleation and growth mechanism of ferroelectric domain-wall motion. Nature 449, 881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewulf, G., Blanken, A., Bult-Spiering, M., 2012. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Nowicki, A., Litniewski, J., Kujawska, T. (Eds.), 2012. Acoustical Imaging: Volume 31, Acoustical Imaging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Y., Luo, J., Song, A., Jin, J., Dong, F., 2012. Improving Online Aggregation Performance for Skewed Data Distribution, in: Lee, S.-G., Peng, Z., Zhou, X., Moon, Y.-S., Unland, R., Yoo, J. (Eds.), Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 17th International Conference, DASFAA 2012, Busan, South Korea, April 15-19, 2012, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 18–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mitochondrion.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Watch What Happens When You Stick Your Hand Into “Hot Ice” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses (No. T-AIMD-99-186). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Equihua, D., 2010. The relationship of mental health and family factors to parental involvement in their children’s education among Latina mothers (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gavaghan, 2001; Millar and Stephenson, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Millar and Stephenson, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Shin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMitochondrion
ISSN (print)1567-7249
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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