How to format your references using the Mitochondrion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mitochondrion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marec, F., 2014. Developmental genetics: Female silkworms have the sex factor. Nature 509, 570–571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stebbins, C.E., Galán, J.E., 2001. Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence. Nature 412, 701–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelley, A.M., Michalet, X., Weiss, S., 2001. Chemical physics. Single-molecule spectroscopy comes of age. Science 292, 1671–1672.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vion, D., Aassime, A., Cottet, A., Joyez, P., Pothier, H., Urbina, C., Esteve, D., Devoret, M.H., 2002. Manipulating the quantum state of an electrical circuit. Science 296, 886–889.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian, J., 2005. Software Quality Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Karlsson, C., Andersson, A.E., Cheshire, P.C., Stough, R.R. (Eds.), 2009. New Directions in Regional Economic Development, Advances in Spatial Science, The Regional Science Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Aschieri, F., Zorzi, M., 2013. Non-determinism, Non-termination and the Strong Normalization of System T, in: Hasegawa, M. (Ed.), Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications: 11th International Conference, TLCA 2013, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mitochondrion.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Should We Place Our Faith In Science? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Bureau of Indian Affairs Contracts for Automatic Data Processing Management Services, and for Development of a Management Information System at the Colorado River Indian Reservation (No. B-114868). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomes, S., 2010. The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act and the effects of deinstitutionalization on the mentally ill (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J., 2016. A ‘Do It’ Kind of Woman Waits for the Strength to Get Back to Being Herself. New York Times A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marec, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Marec, 2014; Stebbins and Galán, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stebbins and Galán, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Vion et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMitochondrion
ISSN (print)1567-7249
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine

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