How to format your references using the Animal Feed Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Feed Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haber, J.E., 2006. Comment on “Cell type regulates selective segregation of mouse chromosome 7 DNA strands in mitosis.” Science 313, 1045; author reply 1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Callan, B., Gillespie, I., 2007. The path to new medicines. Nature 449, 164–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubal, D.P., Holze, R., Gomez-Romero, P., 2014. Development of hybrid materials based on sponge supported reduced graphene oxide and transition metal hydroxides for hybrid energy storage devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 7349.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coates, J.D., Chakraborty, R., Lack, J.G., O’Connor, S.M., Cole, K.A., Bender, K.S., Achenbach, L.A., 2001. Anaerobic benzene oxidation coupled to nitrate reduction in pure culture by two strains of Dechloromonas. Nature 411, 1039–1043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus, J.-M., 2013. Risk Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Bonfiglio, A., De Rossi, D. (Eds.), 2011. Wearable Monitoring Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, Y., Zhuang, J., Su, Z., 2016. Construction of Domain Ontology for Engineering Equipment Maintenance Support, in: Chen, H., Ji, H., Sun, L., Wang, H., Qian, T., Ruan, T. (Eds.), Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Singapore, pp. 33–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Feed Science and Technology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. What Happens To The Plastic You Throw Away? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Developing and Using Questionnaires (No. 130587). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bryant, D., 2012. A good story changes everything (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S., 2016. Using Their Artistic Vision to Pierce Iran’s Veil. New York Times WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haber, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Callan and Gillespie, 2007; Haber, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Callan and Gillespie, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Coates et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Feed Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnim. Feed Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0377-8401
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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