How to format your references using the Animal Feed Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Feed Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson, J.D., 2010. Physics. Pairs rule quantum interference. Science 329, 396–397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R.S., 2015. Ecology. Is biodiversity good for your health? Science 349, 235–236.
A journal article with 3 authors
den Boer, S.P.A., Baer, B., Boomsma, J.J., 2010. Seminal fluid mediates ejaculate competition in social insects. Science 327, 1506–1509.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ago, H., Kanaoka, Y., Irikura, D., Lam, B.K., Shimamura, T., Austen, K.F., Miyano, M., 2007. Crystal structure of a human membrane protein involved in cysteinyl leukotriene biosynthesis. Nature 448, 609–612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean, J.R., 2005. Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma, Analytical Techniques in the Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Yamanouchi, K., Cundiff, S., Vivie-Riedle, R. de, Kuwata-Gonokami, M., DiMauro, L. (Eds.), 2015. Ultrafast Phenomena XIX: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference, Okinawa Convention Center, Okinawa, Japan, July 7-11, 2014, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Karasu, T., Ola, B., 2015. Endometrioma and Infertility: Principles and Techniques of Management, in: Metwally, M., Li, T.-C. (Eds.), Reproductive Surgery in Assisted Conception. Springer, London, pp. 37–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Feed Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents Play A Vital Role In Maintaining Global Climate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Modernization: IRS Needs to Assess Design Alternatives for Its Electronic Filing System (No. IMTEC-89-33). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbets, J.B., 2017. Evaluating System Architecture Quality and Architecting Team Performance Using Information Quality Theory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dewan, S., 2014. Mostly White Forces in Mostly Black Towns: Police Struggle for Racial Diversity. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Franson, 2010; Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keesing and Ostfeld, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ago et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Feed Science and Technology
AbbreviationAnim. Feed Sci. Technol.
ISSN (print)0377-8401
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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