How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Survivorship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Survivorship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Guillén N. Infection biology: Nibbled to death. Nature. 2014;508:462–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Miller TM, Cleveland DW. Medicine. Treating neurodegenerative diseases with antibiotics. Science. 2005;307:361–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fialkov A, Barkana R, Visbal E. The observable signature of late heating of the Universe during cosmic reionization. Nature. 2014;506:197–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Granseth B, Odermatt B, Royle SJ, Lagnado L. Comment on “The dynamic control of kiss-and-run and vesicular reuse probed with single nanoparticles.” Science. 2009;325:1499; author reply 1499.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Martinsen U. Kostenrechnung in der Bauwirtschaft. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
1. Ebert C. Best Practices in Software Measurement: How to use metrics to improve project and process performance. Bundschuh M, Dumke R, Schmietendorf A, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bishop W, Grubesic TH. Policy. In: Grubesic TH, editor. Geographic Information: Organization, Access, and Use. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Scientists Discover 20 Shark Pups In The First Tiger Shark Sonogram Ever. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. A Second Launch Site for the Shuttle? An Analysis of Needs for the Nation’s Space Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Aug. Report No.: PSAD-78-57.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nam S. A method for teaching jazz improvisation to beginning pianists in a group setting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. A Rock Club Closes After a Four-Year Run. New York Times. 2005 Oct 2;14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Survivorship
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Surviv.
ISSN (print)1932-2259
ISSN (online)1932-2267

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