How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Survivorship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Survivorship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sincell M. PLANETARY SCIENCE: Newfound Worlds Hint at Hard-Knock Life. Science. 2000;289:1125.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Luo J, Lai Y. Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5875.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Miyamoto K, Miyake S, Yamamura T. A synthetic glycolipid prevents autoimmune encephalomyelitis by inducing TH2 bias of natural killer T cells. Nature. 2001;413:531–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hare B, Brown M, Williamson C, Tomasello M. The domestication of social cognition in dogs. Science. 2002;298:1634–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kobilinsky L, Liotti TF, Oeser-Sweat J. DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. McGee RW, editor. Taxation and Public Finance in Transition and Developing Economies. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fabbiano F, Innamorato E, Stanca C, Fossaceca R, Carriero A. Audit e metodi di approccio alla qualità. In: Bonomo L, Carriero A, Centonze M, Scarabino T, editors. Management in radiologia. Milano: Springer; 2010. p. 67–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Remnants Of An Ancient Mini-Planet Might Be In Orbit Near Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. HEAF 1992 Financial Condition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: HRD-93-21R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Munoz S. Mental Health Care for Foreign Born Latinos: A Grant Proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Burghardt LF. An Animal Sanctuary Is Under Pressure to Move. New York Times. 2006 Aug 19;LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Survivorship
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Surviv.
ISSN (print)1932-2259
ISSN (online)1932-2267

Other styles