How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Survivorship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Survivorship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Overbaugh J. 24/7 isn’t the only way: A healthy work-life balance can enhance research. Nature. 2011;477:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wilson CG, Sherman PW. Anciently asexual bdelloid rotifers escape lethal fungal parasites by drying up and blowing away. Science. 2010;327:574–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gu Y, Lee W, Shen J. Site-2 protease responds to oxidative stress and regulates oxidative injury in mammalian cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6268.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Paillaud J-L, Harbuzaru B, Patarin J, Bats N. Extra-large-pore zeolites with two-dimensional channels formed by 14 and 12 rings. Science. 2004;304:990–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pesavento L, Smoleny S. A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Davim JP, editor. Machining of Hard Materials. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ahn S, Hong B. Reordering of Location Identifiers for Indexing an RFID Tag Object Database. In: Bhowmick SS, Küng J, Wagner R, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 19th International Conference, DEXA 2008, Turin, Italy, September 1-5, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 41–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Chaotic Orbit Of Halley’s Comet Explained. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Effect of Including Certain Types of Loans in Calculating Schools’ Default Rates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Apr. Report No.: HEHS-98-135R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Karlen DJ. The Biocomplexity of Benthic Communities Associated with a Shallow-water Hydrothermal System in Papua New Guinea [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. 2015 May 15;C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Survivorship
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Surviv.
ISSN (print)1932-2259
ISSN (online)1932-2267
ScopeOncology
Oncology(nursing)

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