How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Survivorship citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Survivorship. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fusi S. Neuroscience. A quiescent working memory. Science. 2008;319:1495–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pagliarini RA, Xu T. A genetic screen in Drosophila for metastatic behavior. Science. 2003;302:1227–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hanada K-I, Yewdell JW, Yang JC. Immune recognition of a human renal cancer antigen through post-translational protein splicing. Nature. 2004;427:252–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yoshino T, Matsuzaki T, Yamashita S, Katsura T. Hydrous olivine unable to account for conductivity anomaly at the top of the asthenosphere. Nature. 2006;443:973–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chan EP. Algorithmic Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Singh VK, Srivastava HM, Venturino E, Resch M, Gupta V, editors. Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology: M3HPCST, Ghaziabad, India, December 2015. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Järvinen T, Niemi R. Prodrug approaches to ophthalmic drug delivery. In: Stella VJ, Borchardt RT, Hageman MJ, Oliyai R, Maag H, Tilley JW, editors. Prodrugs: Challenges and Rewards Part 1. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 125–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What Would It Take To End California’s Drought? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-would-it-take-end-california-s-drought/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Projects: Astrophysics Facility Program Contains Cost and Technical Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jan. Report No.: NSIAD-94-80.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Demenkoff JH. Evolution and emergence of the masculinities: Epiphanies and epiphenomena of the male athlete and dancer [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Old Wish List: More for Pupils; New List: Keep What We Have. New York Times. 2002 Jan 20;146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Survivorship
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Surviv.
ISSN (print)1932-2259
ISSN (online)1932-2267
ScopeOncology
Oncology(nursing)

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