How to format your references using the International Journal of Plastics Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plastics Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vijayan M (2001) Obituary. G.N. Ramachandran (1922-2001). Nature 411:544
A journal article with 2 authors
Heilbron JL, Bynum WF (2003) 1904 and all that. Nature 426:761–764
A journal article with 3 authors
Xuereb A, Ulbricht H, Paternostro M (2013) Optomechanical interface for probing matter-wave coherence. Sci Rep 3:3378
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen C-W, Rondenay S, Evans RL, Snyder DB (2009) Geophysical detection of relict metasomatism from an Archean (approximately 3.5 Ga) subduction zone. Science 326:1089–1091

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beagle JR (2013) Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Drechsler R (2009) Test Pattern Generation using Boolean Proof Engines. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Leue S, Tabaei Befrouei M (2012) Counterexample Explanation by Anomaly Detection. In: Donaldson A, Parker D (eds) Model Checking Software: 19th International Workshop, SPIN 2012, Oxford, UK, July 23-24, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 24–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plastics Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) How Much Sleep Do We Need? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Social Security Numbers: More Could be Done to Protect SSNs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox V (2015) A Quantitative Analysis of the Yield Curve: Forecasting the Length and End of a Recession. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss B (2016) Like Father, Like Son. Like the Cubs? No Way! New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plastics Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast. Technol.
ISSN (print)0972-656X
ISSN (online)0975-072X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

Other styles