How to format your references using the International Journal of Plastics Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plastics Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tokmakoff A (2007) Chemistry. Shining light on the rapidly evolving structure of water. Science 317:54–55
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Weimerskirch H, Wilson RP (2000) Oceanic respite for wandering albatrosses. Nature 406:955–956
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT (2007) How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science 316:1205–1208
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu X, Wang L, Zhao K, et al (2008) The structural basis of protein acetylation by the p300/CBP transcriptional coactivator. Nature 451:846–850

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hunter DA (2014) A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Mohammadpour J, Scherer CW (2012) Control of Linear Parameter Varying Systems with Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kemp GP, Willson CS, Rogers JD, et al (2014) Adapting to Change in the Lowermost Mississippi River: Implications for Navigation, Flood Control and Restoration of the Delta Ecosystem. In: Day JW, Kemp GP, Freeman AM, Muth DP (eds) Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: The Once and Future Delta. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plastics Technology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Why Do Cats Purr? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/why-do-cats-purr/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1997) Inventory Management: The Army Could Reduce Logistics Costs for Aviation Parts by Adopting Best Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pelser CR (2010) Interpretation of Aaron Copland’s Duo for Flute and Piano. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bosman J, Harmon A, Hauser C, et al (2017) Friends and Relatives Share Memories About the Las Vegas Shooting Victims. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plastics Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast. Technol.
ISSN (print)0972-656X
ISSN (online)0975-072X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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