How to format your references using the International Journal of Plastics Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plastics Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mirabel IF (2006) Astronomy. Very energetic gamma-rays from microquasars and binary pulsars. Science 312:1759–1760
A journal article with 2 authors
Falzarano D, Feldmann H (2015) Virology. Delineating Ebola entry. Science 347:947–948
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Wilder EL, Zerhouni E (2014) Funding transdisciplinary research. NIH Roadmap/Common Fund at 10 years. Science 345:274–276
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chan HF, Zhang Y, Ho Y-P, et al (2013) Rapid formation of multicellular spheroids in double-emulsion droplets with controllable microenvironment. Sci Rep 3:3462

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port M (2008) Beyond Booked Solid. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Drame ER, Irby DJ (2016) Black Participatory Research: Power, Identity, and the Struggle for Justice in Education. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Liu A, Pollard K (2015) Biobanking for Personalized Medicine. In: Karimi-Busheri F (ed) Biobanking in the 21st Century. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plastics Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Earth’s Deepest Water May Be 1,000 Kilometers Below The Surface. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Competitive Financing Mechanisms: Auctions Used by Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe SE (2013) Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2016) Valentines, Vengeful and Comic, Through an Antique Lens. New York Times C28

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plastics Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast. Technol.
ISSN (print)0972-656X
ISSN (online)0975-072X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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