How to format your references using the International Journal of Plastics Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plastics Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q (2000) Internet is the new key for restructured film institute. Nature 406:553
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang R, Yan X (2014) Superior asymmetric supercapacitor based on Ni-Co oxide nanosheets and carbon nanorods. Sci Rep 4:3712
A journal article with 3 authors
Bieber FR, Brenner CH, Lazer D (2006) Human genetics. Finding criminals through DNA of their relatives. Science 312:1315–1316
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Agrawal N, Sachdev B, Rodrigues J, et al (2013) Development associated profiling of chitinase and microRNA of Helicoverpa armigera identified chitinase repressive microRNA. Sci Rep 3:2292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ventre D (2013) Information Warfare. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hayat S, Ahmad A (2007) Salicylic Acid: A Plant Hormone. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Khalil A, Bowles L, O’Brien P (2012) Systemic Thromboembolism in Pregnancy: Venous Thromboembolism. In: Cohen H, O’Brien P (eds) Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management. Springer, London, pp 51–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plastics Technology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) The Visual Centers in the Brains of Blind Crustaceans are Shrinking. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Voice of America: Management Actions Needed to Adjust to a Changing Environment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colker JO (2008) A grounded theory approach to developing a theory of leadership through a case study of ShoreBank. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S (2015) Where Charter Schools Outperform. New York Times BU6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plastics Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast. Technol.
ISSN (print)0972-656X
ISSN (online)0975-072X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

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