How to format your references using the International Journal of Plastics Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Plastics Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2005) Central stations. Nature 433:439
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerardot BD, Ohberg P (2009) Physics. A strongly driven spin. Science 326:1489–1490
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu L-A, Walther P, Lidar DA (2013) No-go theorem for passive single-rail linear optical quantum computing. Sci Rep 3:1394
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Czechowicz A, Kraft D, Weissman IL, Bhattacharya D (2007) Efficient transplantation via antibody-based clearance of hematopoietic stem cell niches. Science 318:1296–1299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rounds J, Segner R (2011) Construction Supervision. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Breeur R, Melle U (2012) Life, Subjectivity & Art: Essays in Honor of Rudolf Bernet. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Gerard L, Liu OL, Corliss S, et al (2013) Professional Development Programs for Teaching with Visualizations. In: Mouza C, Lavigne N (eds) Emerging Technologies for the Classroom: A Learning Sciences Perspective. Springer, New York, NY, pp 63–78

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Plastics Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Muscle-Building Supplements Raise Testicular Cancer Risk. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Secure Flight: Additional Actions Needed to Determine Program Effectiveness and Strengthen Privacy Oversight Mechanisms. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butts P (2017) Green Roof Vegetable Production in Three Different Growth Media. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz RR, Rothenberg B (2016) Exceptions for Drugs Fall Under Scrutiny. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Plastics Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Plast. Technol.
ISSN (print)0972-656X
ISSN (online)0975-072X
ScopePolymers and Plastics

Other styles