How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Powell, Save now, don’t pay later, Nature. 433 (2005) 336–337.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Furukawa, H. Tanaka, Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow, Nature. 443 (2006) 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Zhou, H. Guan, B. Chi, Record of winter monsoon strength, Nature. 450 (2007) E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Mainprice, A. Tommasi, H. Couvy, P. Cordier, D.J. Frost, Pressure sensitivity of olivine slip systems and seismic anisotropy of Earth’s upper mantle, Nature. 433 (2005) 731–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Walke, R. Seidenberg, M.P. Althoff, UMTS, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
A. Kwiecień, P. Gaj, P. Stera, eds., Computer Networks: 21st International Conference, CN 2014, Brunów, Poland, June 23-27, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Benjamini, O. Schramm, Finite Transitive Graph Embeddings into a Hyperbolic Metric Space Must Stretch or Squeeze, in: B. Klartag, S. Mendelson, V.D. Milman (Eds.), Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar 2006–2010, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 123–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Journal.

Blog post
J. Davis, Female Capuchin Picks her Nose – Using a Stick, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Acquisition: FAA Has a Structured Investment Management Approach, but Weaknesses Limit Its Effectiveness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Garbarini, Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Archbishop Appeals To Rights Groups, New York Times. (2002) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Journal
AbbreviationChem. Eng. J.
ISSN (print)1385-8947
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Environmental Chemistry

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