How to format your references using the Chemical Engineering Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical Engineering Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.A. Combes, Neuroscience: Dragonflies predict and plan their hunts, Nature. 517 (2015) 279–280.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Hashizume, M. Chaussidon, A non-terrestrial 16O-rich isotopic composition for the protosolar nebula, Nature. 434 (2005) 619–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Bortnik, R.M. Thorne, N.P. Meredith, The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions, Nature. 452 (2008) 62–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Planatscher, S. Rimmele, G. Michel, O. Pötz, T. Joos, N. Schneiderhan-Marra, Systematic reference sample generation for multiplexed serological assays, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Ahlemeyer-Stubbe, S. Coleman, A Practical Guide to Data Mining for Business and Industry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
P.-E. Lippens, J.-C. Jumas, J.-M.R. Génin, eds., ICAME 2005: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 4–9 September 2005 Volume II (Part III–V/V), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
F.G. Flores, E. Oñate, Applications of a Rotation-Free Triangular Element for Finite Strain Analysis of Thin Shells and Membranes, in: E. Oñate, B. Kröplin (Eds.), Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005: pp. 69–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical Engineering Journal.

Blog post
J. Fang, Hawks Help Protect Hummingbird Nests From Ravenous Jays, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.L. Simon-Owens, Southern Virginia Higher Education Center: An exploration of factors affecting organizational leadership, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. McKINLEY Jr, Man Who Killed Bus Driver With a Stolen Truck Is Convicted of 4 Charges, New York Times. (2017) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical Engineering Journal
AbbreviationChem. Eng. J.
ISSN (print)1385-8947
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Environmental Chemistry

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