How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Albarede, F. (2008). A geochemist wonders about the Solar System’s true age. Nature, 454(7206), 807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, K., & Mittleman, D. M. (2004). Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding. Nature, 432(7015), 376–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, K., Zhang, Y., & Wang, S. (2013). Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Scientific Reports, 3, 3448.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sironi, L., Bouzin, M., Inverso, D., D’Alfonso, L., Pozzi, P., Cotelli, F., Guidotti, L. G., Iannacone, M., Collini, M., & Chirico, G. (2014). In vivo flow mapping in complex vessel networks by single image correlation. Scientific Reports, 4, 7341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soprano, A. (2015). Liquidity Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Paluszek, M. (2015). MATLAB Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach (S. Thomas, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Cocchiarella, N. B. (2010). Actualism Versus Possibilism in Formal Ontology. In R. Poli & J. Seibt (Eds.), Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives (pp. 105–117). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 23). Plasmonics: Revolutionizing Light-Based Technologies Via Electron Oscillations In Metals. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Adolescent Drug Use Prevention: Common Features of Promising Community Programs (PEMD-92-2). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hensley, A. L. (2009). Gender, personality, and coping: Unraveling gender in military post -deployment physical and mental wellness [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mallozzi, V. M. (2017, June 30). For a Bride’s Dying Father, a Wedding Built in 24 Hours. New York Times, ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Albarede, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Albarede, 2008; Wang & Mittleman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Mittleman, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sironi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationCogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1758-8928
ISSN (online)1758-8936
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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