How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kwok, S. (2004). The synthesis of organic and inorganic compounds in evolved stars. Nature, 430(7003), 985–991.
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro, A., & Barton, N. H. (2003). Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence--accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 321–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, C., Bobisch, C. A., & Ho, W. (2009). Visualization of Fermi’s golden rule through imaging of light emission from atomic silver chains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 981–985.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Packer, C., Hilborn, R., Mosser, A., Kissui, B., Borner, M., Hopcraft, G., … Sinclair, A. R. E. (2005). Ecological change, group territoriality, and population dynamics in Serengeti lions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5708), 390–393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy, P. (2011). Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Zhou, G., Li, J., Zhao, D., & Feng, Y. (Eds.). (2013). Natural Language Processing and Chinese Computing: Second CCF Conference, NLPCC 2013, Chongqing, China, November 15-19, 2013, Proceedings (Vol. 400). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martius, G., Jahn, L., Hauser, H., & Hafner, V. V. (2014). Self-exploration of the Stumpy Robot with Predictive Information Maximization. In A. P. del Pobil, E. Chinellato, E. Martinez-Martin, J. Hallam, E. Cervera, & A. Morales (Eds.), From Animals to Animats 13: 13th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2014, Castellón, Spain, July 22-25, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 32–42). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 24). The Big Friendly Giants of the Cambrian Ocean. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Interstate Commerce Commission: Budget and Other Impacts of Eliminating or Transferring Functions (No. T-RCED-95-111). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanford, R. (2015). Framing Human Trafficking: A Content Analysis of Newspaper Articles from 2012 and 2013 (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., & Pilon, M. (2012, November 6). Hostility Lingers Over Wittenberg’s Handling of Marathon Cancellation. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kwok, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kwok, 2004; Navarro & Barton, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Navarro & Barton, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Bobisch, & Ho, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Packer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationCogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1758-8928
ISSN (online)1758-8936
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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