How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, W. R. (2000). A deeply knotted protein structure and how it might fold. Nature, 406(6798), 916–919.
A journal article with 2 authors
State, M. W., & Šestan, N. (2012). Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6100), 1301–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penmatsa, A., Wang, K. H., & Gouaux, E. (2013). X-ray structure of dopamine transporter elucidates antidepressant mechanism. Nature, 503(7474), 85–90.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shingo, T., Gregg, C., Enwere, E., Fujikawa, H., Hassam, R., Geary, C., … Weiss, S. (2003). Pregnancy-stimulated neurogenesis in the adult female forebrain mediated by prolactin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 117–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, J. A. C. (2005). Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., & Shackelford, T. K. (Eds.). (2014). Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Sexual Psychology and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Berzosa, M., & Wallace, M. B. (2015). Advanced Endoscopic Imaging in the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. In N. Fukami (Ed.), Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection: Principles and Practice (pp. 41–49). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, December 13). Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Summary of United States Assistance to Jordan (No. B-179001). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan, S. N. (2012). Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, June 28). Farm to Blanket. New York Times, p. LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (State & Šestan, 2012; Taylor, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (State & Šestan, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Penmatsa, Wang, & Gouaux, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shingo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationCogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1758-8928
ISSN (online)1758-8936
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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