How to format your references using the Cognitive Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cognitive Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dernburg, A. F. (2012). Molecular biology. RNA plays meiotic matchmaker. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6082), 681–682.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gebbers, R., & Adamchuk, V. I. (2010). Precision agriculture and food security. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5967), 828–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappala, A., Zaccone, A., & Terentjev, E. M. (2013). Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels. Scientific Reports, 3, 3103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fedotov, I. V., Doronina-Amitonova, L. V., Voronin, A. A., Levchenko, A. O., Zibrov, S. A., Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A., Fedotov, A. B., Velichansky, V. L., & Zheltikov, A. M. (2014). Electron spin manipulation and readout through an optical fiber. Scientific Reports, 4, 5362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leach, M., Drummond, M., & Doig, A. (2013). Practical Flow Cytometry in Haematology Diagnosis. John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Ferrari, M., & Vuletic, L. (Eds.). (2010). The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education: Essays in Honor of Robbie Case. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Paul, W. J., Baumann, C., Lutsyk, P., & Schmaltz, S. (2016). Hardware. In C. Baumann, P. Lutsyk, & S. Schmaltz (Eds.), System Architecture: An Ordinary Engineering Discipline (pp. 51–69). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cognitive Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 31). First Known Mass Extinction May Have Been Caused By Huge Volcanic Eruptions In Australia. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Excise Taxes: Use of Safe Harbor Look-Back Rules (GGD-97-175R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marchek, S. P. (2015). A quantitative investigation of the Technology Obsolescence Model (TOM) factors that influence the decision to replace obsolete systems [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, July 7). Serious Knee Injury Fells Mattek-Sands. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dernburg, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Dernburg, 2012; Gebbers & Adamchuk, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gebbers & Adamchuk, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Lappala et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fedotov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCognitive Neuroscience
AbbreviationCogn. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)1758-8928
ISSN (online)1758-8936
ScopeCognitive Neuroscience

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