How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. Joughin, Climate change. Greenland rumbles louder as glaciers accelerate, Science. 311 (2006) 1719–1720.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Sandeep, R.S. Ajayamohan, Origin of cold bias over the Arabian Sea in Climate Models, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6403.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Wang, S.K. Kurdistani, M. Grunstein, Requirement of Hos2 histone deacetylase for gene activity in yeast, Science. 298 (2002) 1412–1414.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.G. Wood, B. Rogina, S. Lavu, K. Howitz, S.L. Helfand, M. Tatar, D. Sinclair, Sirtuin activators mimic caloric restriction and delay ageing in metazoans, Nature. 430 (2004) 686–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.E. Nash, The History of Aquaculture, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
P.J. Antsaklis, Linear Systems, Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
S.G. Kang, S.H. Choi, Knowledge-Directed Opportunistic Search, in: S.H. Choi (Ed.), Multi-Agent Based Beam Search for Real-Time Production Scheduling and Control: Method, Software and Industrial Application, Springer, London, 2013: pp. 31–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Policy.

Blog post
J. Davis, Greenland’s Ice Loss Has Been Massively Underestimated, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Lavoie, Ecotone, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Georgia Is Warned by Russia Against Plans to Join NATO, New York Times. (2008) A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Policy
ISSN (print)2213-5383

Other styles