How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bohannon, The Gonzo Scientist. Slaying monsters for science, Science. 320 (2008) 1592.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Andreasen, M. Sharma, Comment on “Neodymium-142 evidence for Hadean mafic crust,” Science. 325 (2009) 267; author reply 267.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.V. Hernández, E.R. Kay, D.A. Leigh, A reversible synthetic rotary molecular motor, Science. 306 (2004) 1532–1537.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.W. Knouse, J.N. deGruyter, M.A. Schmidt, B. Zheng, J.C. Vantourout, C. Kingston, S.E. Mercer, I.M. Mcdonald, R.E. Olson, Y. Zhu, C. Hang, J. Zhu, C. Yuan, Q. Wang, P. Park, M.D. Eastgate, P.S. Baran, Unlocking P(V): Reagents for chiral phosphorothioate synthesis, Science. 361 (2018) 1234–1238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Melville, Political Atlas of the Modern World, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
J. Campora, G. Giambastiani, eds., Olefin Upgrading Catalysis by Nitrogen-based Metal Complexes II: State of the art and Perspectives, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Dąbrowski, M. Drabik, M. Trzaska, K. Subieta, Prototype of Object-Oriented Declarative Workflows, in: N.T. Nguyen, C.-G. Kim, A. Janiak (Eds.), Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Third International Conference, ACIIDS 2011, Daegu, Korea, April 20-22, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Policy.

Blog post
J. Fang, Birds Evolved From Dinosaurs Gradually, Capped With Diversity Burst, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Funding Fluctuations and Revenue Trends, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.K. Arnold, An Ecological Model for Health Policy Review: The Integration of New Institutional and Public Choice Theory for Public Policy Assessment, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets in the Tournament Get Acquainted With Their Family Roots, New York Times. (2017) D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Policy
ISSN (print)2213-5383

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