How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E.A. Grove, Neuroscience. Organizing the source of memory, Science. 319 (2008) 288–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Kobayashi, A.R.D. Ganley, Recombination regulation by transcription-induced cohesin dissociation in rDNA repeats, Science. 309 (2005) 1581–1584.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Zhao, A.S. Goldman, J.F. Hartwig, Oxidative addition of ammonia to form a stable monomeric amido hydride complex, Science. 307 (2005) 1080–1082.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Okamoto, K. Sugisaki, H. Murata, H. Hirasawa, C. Mayama, R. Asaoka, Impact of better and worse eye damage on quality of life in advanced glaucoma, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.J. Shynk, Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
A.D. Lantada, ed., Handbook on Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technologies for Biomedical Devices, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Zhou, J.Y. Baek, D. Li, C.J. Spanos, Optimal Training and Efficient Model Selection for Parameterized Large Margin Learning, in: J. Bailey, L. Khan, T. Washio, G. Dobbie, J.Z. Huang, R. Wang (Eds.), Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 20th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2016, Auckland, New Zealand, April 19-22, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 52–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Policy.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How Australia’s Biggest Dust Storm Went On To Green The Ocean, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Aviation Administration: Stronger Architecture Program Needed to Guide Systems Modernization Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Ward, Historiography, prophecy, and literature: “Divina retribución” and its underlying ideological agenda, Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Foreign Interference Condemned, New York Times. (2005) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Policy
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Policy
ISSN (print)2213-5383

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