How to format your references using the Geoderma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morduch, J., 2011. Economics. Why finance matters. Science 332, 1271–1272.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sato, M., Sato, K., 2011. Degradation of paternal mitochondria by fertilization-triggered autophagy in C. elegans embryos. Science 334, 1141–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubi, Y., Meir, Y., Avishai, Y., 2007. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature 449, 876–880.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, H.-M., Cho, Y.S., Kim, H., Jho, S., Son, B., Choi, J.Y., Kim, S., Lee, B.C., Bhak, J., Jang, G., 2013. Whole genome comparison of donor and cloned dogs. Sci. Rep. 3, 2998.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radzevich, S.P., 2013. Geometry of Surfaces. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Rajasekhar, V.K., Vemuri, M.C. (Eds.), 2009. Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Iosifidis, P., Wheeler, M., 2016. Modern Political Communication and Web 2.0 in Representative Democracies: The United States and the British Experience, in: Wheeler, M. (Ed.), Public Spheres and Mediated Social Networks in the Western Context and Beyond. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 95–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Tesla Batteries Might Power Your Home But Stored Fuels Will Still Run the Country [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Civil Aviation Research and Development Programs and Facilities (No. PSAD-76-146). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, S.W., 2010. The complexity of leading in the 21st century: A case study of a successful charter school in an urban school district (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Mandel, E., 2016. Brave New World. New York Times BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morduch, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Morduch, 2011; Sato and Sato, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sato and Sato, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma
ISSN (print)0016-7061
ScopeSoil Science

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