How to format your references using the Geoderma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morse, S.S., 2008. Retrospective: Joshua Lederberg (1925-2008). Science 319, 1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fasullo, J.T., Trenberth, K.E., 2012. A less cloudy future: the role of subtropical subsidence in climate sensitivity. Science 338, 792–794.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nozaki, T., Kato, Y., Suzuki, K., 2013. Late Jurassic ocean anoxic event: evidence from voluminous sulphide deposition and preservation in the Panthalassa. Sci. Rep. 3, 1889.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harper, K.L., Sosa, M.S., Entenberg, D., Hosseini, H., Cheung, J.F., Nobre, R., Avivar-Valderas, A., Nagi, C., Girnius, N., Davis, R.J., Farias, E.F., Condeelis, J., Klein, C.A., Aguirre-Ghiso, J.A., 2018. Corrigendum: Mechanism of early dissemination and metastasis in Her2+ mammary cancer. Nature 553, 366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larrieu, N., Varet, A., 2014. Rapid Prototyping of Software for Avionics Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Szende, A., Janssen, B., Cabases, J. (Eds.), 2014. Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Koh, Y.S., Pears, R., 2015. HI-Tree: Mining High Influence Patterns Using External and Internal Utility Values, in: Madria, S., Hara, T. (Eds.), Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery: 17th International Conference, DaWaK 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 1-4, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. SpaceX Just Asked Permission To Launch 4,425 Satellites — More Than Currently Orbit Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Federal Chief Information Officer: Leadership Needed to Confront Serious Challenges and Emerging Issues (No. T-AIMD-00-316). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, J.A., 2012. The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. August’s Most Popular Listings. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morse, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fasullo and Trenberth, 2012; Morse, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fasullo and Trenberth, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Harper et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma
ISSN (print)0016-7061
ScopeSoil Science

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