How to format your references using the Geoderma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickelgren, I., 2004. Neuroscience. Monkey see, monkey think about doing. Science 305, 162–163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J.B., Schluter, D., 2000. Analysis of an evolutionary species-area relationship. Nature 408, 847–850.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerke, J., Lorenz, K., Cohen, B., 2009. Genetic interactions between transcription factors cause natural variation in yeast. Science 323, 498–501.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gubbels, S.P., Woessner, D.W., Mitchell, J.C., Ricci, A.J., Brigande, J.V., 2008. Functional auditory hair cells produced in the mammalian cochlea by in utero gene transfer. Nature 455, 537–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy, M., Larner, W., 2013. Fashioning Globalisation. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Reigosa, M.J., Pedrol, N., González, L. (Eds.), 2006. Allelopathy: A Physiological Process with Ecological Implications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Neuman, T., 2006. Positional and Restraint Asphyxia, in: Ross, D.L., Chan, T.C. (Eds.), Sudden Deaths in Custody, Forensic Science and Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Did We Used To Have Two Sleeps Rather Than One? Should We Again? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Science And Technology: Air Force’s Planning Process Meets Statutory Requirement (No. GAO-02-273). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, K.M., 2017. Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J., 2017. In Brooklyn, a Hunt For the Perfect Fit. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickelgren, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Losos and Schluter, 2000; Wickelgren, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos and Schluter, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gubbels et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma
ISSN (print)0016-7061
ScopeSoil Science

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