How to format your references using the Geoderma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett, B.A., 2003. Geophysics. The thermal state of Earth’s core. Science 299, 1675–1677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dorin, J.R., Jackson, I.J., 2007. Genetics. Beta-defensin repertoire expands. Science 318, 1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonneh, Y.S., Cooperman, A., Sagi, D., 2001. Motion-induced blindness in normal observers. Nature 411, 798–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nakatsuji, S., Nambu, Y., Tonomura, H., Sakai, O., Jonas, S., Broholm, C., Tsunetsugu, H., Qiu, Y., Maeno, Y., 2005. Spin disorder on a triangular lattice. Science 309, 1697–1700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ergül, Ö., Gürel, L., 2014. The Multilevel Fast Multipole Algorithm (MLFMA) for Solving Large-Scale Computational Electromagnetics Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maio, M. de, Rzany, B. (Eds.), 2007. Botulinum Toxin in Aesthetic Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, K., Laue, M., Tafur, J., Mahmood, M.N., Scherrer, P., Keast, R., 2014. An Integrated Approach to Strategic Asset Management, in: Gheorghe, A.V., Masera, M., Katina, P.F. (Eds.), Infranomics: Sustainability, Engineering Design and Governance, Topics in Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Ten Things You Really Should Know About Ebola [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities (No. HRD-89-123FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magda, B., 2009. Increasing efficacy of emergency departments through systems analysis of enterprise architecture: Mitigating the impact of technological change (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Roosevelt Seeking Schools Superintendent. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Buffett, 2003; Dorin and Jackson, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dorin and Jackson, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nakatsuji et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma
ISSN (print)0016-7061
ScopeSoil Science

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