How to format your references using the Geoderma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoderma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone, R., 2000. HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS: CERN Link Breathes Life Into Russian Physics. Science 290, 250–252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grasset, E.K., Cerutti, A., 2014. Immunology. Retroviral help for B cells. Science 346, 1454–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armbrecht, I., Perfecto, I., Vandermeer, J., 2004. Enigmatic biodiversity correlations: ant diversity responds to diverse resources. Science 304, 284–286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ros, A., Eichhorn, R., Regtmeier, J., Duong, T.T., Reimann, P., Anselmetti, D., 2005. Brownian motion: absolute negative particle mobility. Nature 436, 928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ursone, P., 2015. How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pavlov, A., 2008. CMOS SRAM Circuit Design and Parametric Test in Nano-Scaled Technologies: Process-Aware SRAM Design and Test, Frontiers In Electronic Testing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Burnett, L.E., Hoffman, A., 2010. Meet the Royaltons, in: Hoffman, A. (Ed.), Black Is the New Green: Marketing to Affluent African Americans. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 81–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoderma.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. A Giraffe With The Same Skin Condition As Michael Jackson Has Been Spotted In Kenya [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process (No. 092130). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clater, M.J., 2009. Interposed between God and man: Agency in the Requiems of Berlioz and Fauré (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
David Goodman, J., 2015. Focus in Subway Shooting Is on Whether Deadly Force Was Justified. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stone, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Grasset and Cerutti, 2014; Stone, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grasset and Cerutti, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ros et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoderma
ISSN (print)0016-7061
ScopeSoil Science

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