How to format your references using the Frontiers in Exercise Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu, Z. (2011). Modernization: One step at a time. Nature 480, S90-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brodsky, E. E., and Lay, T. (2014). Geophysics. Recognizing foreshocks from the 1 April 2014 Chile earthquake. Science 344, 700–702.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, M. G., Park, H. S., and Hwang, H. S. (2010). Detection of a large-scale structure of intracluster globular clusters in the Virgo cluster. Science 328, 334–336.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kam, T.-I., Mao, X., Park, H., Chou, S.-C., Karuppagounder, S. S., Umanah, G. E., et al. (2018). Poly(ADP-ribose) drives pathologic α-synuclein neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease. Science 362.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szpankowski, W. (2001). Average Case Analysis of Algorithms on Sequences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Monga, M. ed. (2013). Ureteroscopy: Indications, Instrumentation & Technique. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Görman, U. (2016). “Time – A Dimension of Ethics,” in Embracing the Ivory Tower and Stained Glass Windows: A Festschrift in Honor of Archbishop Antje Jackelén Issues in Science and Religion: Publications of the European Society for the Study of Science and Theology., ed. J. Baldwin (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Europe’s Carnivores Make A Comeback. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ray, S. J. (2017). Departmentalized Classroom Environments Versus Traditional Classroom Environments in Second Through Fourth Grades: A Quantitative Analysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Cespedes Serves as Grand Marshal in the Mets’ Home Run Parade. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brodsky and Lay, 2014; Xu, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brodsky and Lay, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kam et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Exercise Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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