How to format your references using the Frontiers in Exercise Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H. (2000). Europe seeks solution to bioinformatics shortfall. Nature 404, 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Percec, I., and Bartolomei, M. S. (2002). Genetics. Do X chromosomes set boundaries? Science 295, 287–288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plotkin, J. B., Dushoff, J., and Fraser, H. B. (2004). Detecting selection using a single genome sequence of M. tuberculosis and P. falciparum. Nature 428, 942–945.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mao, B., Wu, W., Li, Y., Hoppe, D., Stannek, P., Glinka, A., et al. (2001). LDL-receptor-related protein 6 is a receptor for Dickkopf proteins. Nature 411, 321–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alacoque, J. C. (2012). Direct Eigen Control for Induction Machines and Synchronous Motors. Chichester, UK: A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nishida, T. (2010). Chimpanzee Behavior in the Wild: An Audio-Visual Encyclopedia. , eds. K. Zamma, T. Matsusaka, A. Inaba, and W. C. McGrew Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Hübschmann, M. V., and Skladchikova, G. (2010). “The Role of ATP in the Regulation of NCAM Function,” in Structure and Function of the Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule NCAM Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology., ed. V. Berezin (New York, NY: Springer), 81–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). There’s No Such Thing As An Alpha Male. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Public Transportation: New Starts Program Challenges and Preliminary Observations on Expediting Project Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Galyer, D. L. (2019). The Influence of Reference Objects on Vector-Based Memory Representations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2017). Court Is Asked For Debt Relief By Puerto Rico. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Koen, 2005; Marshall, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Percec and Bartolomei, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sha et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Exercise Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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