How to format your references using the Frontiers in Exercise Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sobek, S. (2014). Climate science: cold carbon storage. Nature 511, 415–417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, X., and Lu, X. (2014). Drastic change in China’s lakes and reservoirs over the past decades. Sci. Rep. 4, 6041.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, H., Sun, H., and Sun, X. (2014). Survival improvement by decade of patients aged 0-14 years with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a SEER analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 4227.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Banerjee-Ghosh, K., Ben Dor, O., Tassinari, F., Capua, E., Yochelis, S., Capua, A., et al. (2018). Separation of enantiomers by their enantiospecific interaction with achiral magnetic substrates. Science 360, 1331–1334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Ruyet, D., and Pischella, M. (2015). Digital Communications 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karampelas, P., and Ekonomou, L. eds. (2016). Electricity Distribution: Intelligent Solutions for Electricity Transmission and Distribution Networks. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, S., and Lv, F. (2013). “Drug Screening Applications of Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes,” in Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science., ed. F. Lv (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 65–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Exercise Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015). Maps Have Been Lying To You Your Entire Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). NASA: Human Space Exploration Programs Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone, B. (2017). Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Parker, J. (2016). Dear Diary (Volume 1 of 148). New York Times, BR23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sobek, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sobek, 2014; Yang and Lu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Lu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Banerjee-Ghosh et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Exercise Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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