How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stebbins JF (2002) Materials science. Dynamics in ceramics. Science 297:1285–1287
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Nielsen R, Hubisz MJ (2005) Evolutionary genomics: detecting selection needs comparative data. Nature 433:E6; discussion E7-8
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ohde T, Yaginuma T, Niimi T (2013) Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science 340:495–498
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Liu Y-Q, Wang F-X, Xiao Y, et al (2014) Facile microwave-assisted synthesis of Klockmannite CuSe nanosheets and their exceptional electrical properties. Sci Rep 4:5998

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Halloran M, Thies C (2012) The Social Media Handbook for Financial Advisors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Giese H, Rosu G (2012) Formal Techniques for Distributed Systems: Joint 14th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2012 and 32nd IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FORTE 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, June 13-16, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rowland JH (2007) Survivorship Research: Past, Present, and Future. In: Ganz PA (ed) Cancer Survivorship: Today and Tomorrow. Springer, New York, NY, pp 28–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Education.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Some Of Your Suntan Comes From Beyond The Milky Way. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/some-of-your-suntan-comes-from-beyond-the-milky-way/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2005) NASA: Implementing a Knowledge-Based Acquisition Framework Could Lead to Better Investment Decisions and Project Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Echols KI (2017) Authentic Leadership, Research Integrity, and Institutions of Higher Learning: Why Focusing on Departmental Leadership is Critical for Preserving the Sanctity of Science. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B (2017) Another Marathon Match Win by Nadal Sets Up Final With Federer. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Education
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Educ.
ISSN (print)0885-8195
ISSN (online)1543-0154
ScopeOncology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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