How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Berger SL (2007) The complex language of chromatin regulation during transcription. Nature 447:407–412
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Snyder M, Gerstein M (2003) Genomics. Defining genes in the genomics era. Science 300:258–260
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Serizawa T, Hamada K-I, Akashi M (2004) Polymerization within a molecular-scale stereoregular template. Nature 429:52–55
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lee K, Jessop H, Suswillo R, et al (2003) Endocrinology: bone adaptation requires oestrogen receptor-alpha. Nature 424:389

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Eicker U (2005) Solar Technologies for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Merkuryev Y, Merkuryeva G, Piera MÀ, Guasch A (2009) Simulation-Based Case Studies in Logistics: Education and Applied Research. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Petri CA (2008) On the Physical Basics of Information Flow. In: Hee KM van, Valk R (eds) Applications and Theory of Petri Nets: 29th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2008, Xi’an, China, June 23-27, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 12–12

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Education.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) The World’s Largest Pyramid Is Hidden Under A Hill. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-worlds-largest-pyramid-is-hidden-under-a-hill/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) IRS Modernization: Business Practice, Performance Management, and Information Technology Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Trump RK (2010) Self -brand overlap and dissociation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J (2016) TV’s United States of ‘Sieg Heil.’ New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Education
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Educ.
ISSN (print)0885-8195
ISSN (online)1543-0154
ScopeOncology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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