How to format your references using the Chimerism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chimerism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes KV. Structural biology. Adaptation of SARS coronavirus to humans. Science 2005; 309:1822–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowan L, Coontz R. Great balls of fire. Star formation: a Web supplement. Science 2002; 295:63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz W, Muttarak R, Striessnig E. Environment and development. Universal education is key to enhanced climate adaptation. Science 2014; 346:1061–2.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ruiz R, Kang H, Detcheverry FA, Dobisz E, Kercher DS, Albrecht TR, de Pablo JJ, Nealey PF. Density multiplication and improved lithography by directed block copolymer assembly. Science 2008; 321:936–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo SM, Lee BH, Tian W. Real-Time Digital Signal Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Prasad R, Dixit S, editors. Wireless World in 2050 and Beyond: A Window into the Future! Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Cao Y, Leroux P, Steyaert M. Radiation Hardened Bandgap References. In: Leroux P, Steyaert M, editors. Radiation-Tolerant Delta-Sigma Time-to-Digital Converters. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chimerism.

Blog post
Andrew E. Despite Decades Of Deforestation, The Earth Is Getting Greener [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Serious Problems Continue to Trouble the Air Traffic Control Work Force. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy AC. Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kleinfield NR. Broken Boys, Thieves, Killers, and Now Escapees. New York Times2015; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleChimerism
ISSN (print)1938-1956
ISSN (online)1938-1964
ScopeBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Molecular Biology

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