How to format your references using the European Psychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herman, I. P. (2007). Following the law. Nature, 445(7124), 228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norton, D. A., & Didham, R. K. (2007). Comment on “Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5819), 1666; author reply 1666.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCloskey, J., Nalbant, S. S., & Steacy, S. (2005). Indonesian earthquake: earthquake risk from co-seismic stress. Nature, 434(7031), 291.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rusakov, D. A., Scimemi, A., Walker, M. C., & Kullmann, D. M. (2004). Comment on “Role of NMDA receptor subtypes in governing the direction of hippocampal synaptic plasticity.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5692), 1912; author reply.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
de Almeida, J. P. M., & Maunder, E. A. W. (2017). Equilibrium Finite Element Formulations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Xi, L., & Serebrovskaya, T. V. (Eds.). (2012). Intermittent Hypoxia and Human Diseases. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barroero, T., Motta, G., & Pignatelli, G. (2010). Business Capabilities Centric Enterprise Architecture. In P. Bernus, G. Doumeingts, & M. Fox (Eds.), Enterprise Architecture, Integration and Interoperability: IFIP TC 5 International Conference, EAI2N 2010, Held as Part of WCC 2010, Brisbane, Australia, September 20-23, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 32–43). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychologist.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 4). How “SuperAger” Brains Are Different Than Everyone Else’s. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles (LCD-75-421). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jennings, S. (2015). Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Andrews, M. (2017, June 30). Venus Williams Faces Wrongful-Death Suit. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Herman, 2007; Norton & Didham, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norton & Didham, 2007)
  • Three authors: (McCloskey et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rusakov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychologist
AbbreviationEur. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1016-9040
ISSN (online)1878-531X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

Other styles