How to format your references using the European Psychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2002). Breaking down biological borders. Nature, 418(6899), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, B. G., & Goller, F. (2004). Multimodal signals: enhancement and constraint of song motor patterns by visual display. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 544–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joughin, I., Abdalati, W., & Fahnestock, M. (2004). Large fluctuations in speed on Greenland’s Jakobshavn Isbrae glacier. Nature, 432(7017), 608–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tuteja, A., Choi, W., Ma, M., Mabry, J. M., Mazzella, S. A., Rutledge, G. C., McKinley, G. H., & Cohen, R. E. (2007). Designing superoleophobic surfaces. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5856), 1618–1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdel-aleem, S. (2010). The Design and Management of Medical Device clinical Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Goubin, L., & Matsui, M. (Eds.). (2006). Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2006: 8th International Workshop, Yokohama, Japan, October 10-13, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4249). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
da Silva, P. S. L., Neto, H. M., & de Carvalho, W. B. (2014). Neuromuscular Blockade. In D. S. Wheeler, H. R. Wong, & T. P. Shanley (Eds.), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 4: Peri-operative Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child (pp. 77–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychologist.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 18). Scientists Suggest Using Pet Dogs to Test Anti-Cancer Drugs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Aviation Security: Corrective Actions Underway, but Better Inspection Guidance Still Needed (RCED-88-160). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lofton, C. D. (2012). Mid-Career Transitions: A Qualitative Study Examining the Developmental Relationships, Attitudes, Networks, and Strategies of Frontline Workers that Seek Career Development and Advancement [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, February 25). Back of Rotation Helps Mets Get First Exhibition Win. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper & Goller, 2004; Triendl, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper & Goller, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Joughin et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tuteja et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychologist
AbbreviationEur. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1016-9040
ISSN (online)1878-531X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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