How to format your references using the European Psychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Psychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Simmons, J. G. (2010). Timeline: Lindau and the zeitgeist. Nature, 467(7317), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Queller, D. C., & Strassmann, J. E. (2002). The many selves of social insects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5566), 311–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nasrallah, M. E., Liu, P., & Nasrallah, J. B. (2002). Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 247–249.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
De Smedt, P., Van Meirvenne, M., Herremans, D., De Reu, J., Saey, T., Meerschman, E., … De Clercq, W. (2013). The 3-D reconstruction of medieval wetland reclamation through electromagnetic induction survey. Scientific Reports, 3, 1517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L. S., Simões, R., & Gervásio, H. (2014). Design of Steel Structures. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Dada, A., Stanoevska, K., & Gómez, J. M. (Eds.). (2013). Organizations’ Environmental Performance Indicators: Measuring, Monitoring, and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns, D., Klebanov, V., & Schaefer, I. (2011). Verification of Software Product Lines with Delta-Oriented Slicing. In B. Beckert & C. Marché (Eds.), Formal Verification of Object-Oriented Software: International Conference, FoVeOOS 2010, Paris, France, June 28-30, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 61–75). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Psychologist.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 21). Cannibal Supernova Eats Companion Star. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). School Bullying: Extent of Legal Protections for Vulnerable Groups Needs to Be More Fully Assessed (No. GAO-12-349). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J. J. (2017). Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2011, April 3). Glorifying the Chickpea. New York Times, p. NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Simmons, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Queller & Strassmann, 2002; Simmons, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Queller & Strassmann, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Nasrallah, Liu, & Nasrallah, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (De Smedt et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Psychologist
AbbreviationEur. Psychol.
ISSN (print)1016-9040
ISSN (online)1878-531X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Psychology

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