How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fenton, N. 2011. “Science and Law: Improve Statistics in Court.” Nature 479 (7371): 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicholls, R. J., and Cazenave, A. 2010. “Sea-Level Rise and Its Impact on Coastal Zones.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5985): 1517–1520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abu-Raddad, L. J., Patnaik, P., and Kublin, J. G. 2006. “Dual Infection with HIV and Malaria Fuels the Spread of Both Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5805): 1603–1606.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wee, F. H., Malek, F., Al-Amani, A. U., and Ghani, F. 2014. “Effect of Two Different Superstrate Layers on Bismuth Titanate (BiT) Array Antennas.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte, P. 2014. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kuhn, D. 2011. Expert Indexing in Oracle Database 11g: Maximum Performance for Your Database. Edited by Sam R. Alapati and Bill Padfield. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernández-Salmerón, M., and Romero-Ávila, D. 2015. “Empirical Results.” In Convergence in Output and Its Sources Among Industrialised Countries: A Cross-Country Time-Series Perspective, edited by Diego Romero-Ávila, 25–44. SpringerBriefs in Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Stunning New Photograph Of Medusa Nebula.” IFLScience. IFLScience. May 21.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Telecommunications: Court Challenges to FCC’s Universal Service Order and Federal Support for Telecommunications for Schools and Libraries. RCED/OGC-98-172R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCahill, T. P. 2014. “Teacher Perceptions of Response to Intervention for English Learners.” Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Perlroth, N., Scott, M., and Frenkel, S. 2017. “A Cyberattack Hits Ukraine, Then Spreads.” New York Times, June 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fenton 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fenton 2011; Nicholls and Cazenave 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nicholls and Cazenave 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles