How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schopper, H. 2006. “Islam and Science: Where Are the New Patrons of Science?” Nature 444 (7115): 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tang, S., and Guo, A. 2001. “Choice Behavior of Drosophila Facing Contradictory Visual Cues.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5546): 1543–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regenauer-Lieb, K., Weinberg, R. F., and Rosenbaum, G. 2006. “The Effect of Energy Feedbacks on Continental Strength.” Nature 442 (7098): 67–70.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Saze, H., Shiraishi, A., Miura, A., and Kakutani, T. 2008. “Control of Genic DNA Methylation by a JmjC Domain-Containing Protein in Arabidopsis Thaliana.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5862): 462–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd, R. K., Basic, C., and Bethem, R. A. 2008. Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wetzelhuetter, C., ed. 2013. Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia-Pacific. Vol. 7. Coastal Research Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ajuwon, A. J. 2015. “Access to Bioethics Education in Nigeria: Past History, Current Situation, and Opportunities for the Future.” In Bioethics Education in a Global Perspective: Challenges in Global Bioethics, edited by Henk A. M. J. ten Have, 65–71. Advancing Global Bioethics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “#ILookLikeAnEngineer Shines A Welcome Light On Industry’s Diversity.” IFLScience. IFLScience. August 10.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Student Loans: Potential Effects of Raising Statutory Audit Threshold. HEHS-97-111R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited, J. E. 2015. “An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2011. “Russia: Abortion Restrictions Signed.” New York Times, July 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schopper 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Schopper 2006; Tang and Guo 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tang and Guo 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Saze et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles