How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2000. “Laying a Firm Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research Endeavours.” Nature 406 (6791): 107–108.
A journal article with 2 authors
Birch, H. M., and Clayton, J. 2007. “Cell Biology: Close-up on Cell Biology.” Nature 446 (7138): 937–940.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhuime, B., Hawkesworth, C., and Cawood, P. 2011. “Geochemistry. When Continents Formed.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6014): 154–155.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
McCune, A. R., Fuller, R. C., Aquilina, A. A., Dawley, R. M., Fadool, J. M., Houle, D., Travis, J., and Kondrashov, A. S. 2002. “A Low Genomic Number of Recessive Lethals in Natural Populations of Bluefin Killifish and Zebrafish.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5577): 2398–2401.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavlović, T., Alvarez, I., Blanco-Cano, R., Grisales, A., Osorio, A., and Sánchez, A. 2008. 100 Years of Spanish Cinema. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Villar, E., ed. 2008. Embedded Systems Specification and Design Languages: Selected Contributions from FDL’07. Vol. 10. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fukuoka, H. 2016. “DNA Markers in Solanaceae Breeding.” In Functional Genomics and Biotechnology in Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae Crops, edited by Hiroshi Ezura, Tohru Ariizumi, Jordi Garcia-Mas, and Jocelyn Rose, 43–58. Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Six Easy Ways To Tell If That Viral Story Is A Hoax.” IFLScience. IFLScience. September 18.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Transfer Students: Postsecondary Institutions Could Promote More Consistent Consideration of Coursework by Not Basing Determinations on Accreditation. GAO-06-22. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, T. E. 2010. “Sedimentation Solutions for the Port of Gulfport, MS.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. “The Future Comes to a Place That Hasn’t Always Had One.” New York Times, February 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Birch and Clayton 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Birch and Clayton 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (McCune et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles