How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abeliovich, A. 2014. “Neurological Disorders: Quality-Control Pathway Unlocked.” Nature 510 (7503): 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hajkova, P., and Surani, M. A. 2004. “Development. Programming the X Chromosome.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5658): 633–634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mehlmann, L. M., Jones, T. L. Z., and Jaffe, L. A. 2002. “Meiotic Arrest in the Mouse Follicle Maintained by a Gs Protein in the Oocyte.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5585): 1343–1345.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mähönen, A. P., Bishopp, A., Higuchi, M., Nieminen, K. M., Kinoshita, K., Törmäkangas, K., Ikeda, Y., Oka, A., Kakimoto, T., and Helariutta, Y. 2006. “Cytokinin Signaling and Its Inhibitor AHP6 Regulate Cell Fate during Vascular Development.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5757): 94–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M. C. 2010. Buying and Selling Laboratory Instruments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhao, Q., and Huang, J., eds. 2011. Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barbierato, E., Gribaudo, M., and Manini, D. 2016. “Fluid Approximation of Pool Depletion Systems.” In Analytical and Stochastic Modelling Techniques and Applications: 23rd International Conference, ASMTA 2016, Cardiff, UK, August 24-26, 2016, Proceedings, edited by Sabine Wittevrongel and Tuan Phung-Duc, 60–75. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Study Suggests Exercise Is Associated With Changes In Brain Structure.” IFLScience. IFLScience. March 7.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Department of Education: Improved Dissemination and Timely Product Release Would Enhance the Usefulness of the What Works Clearinghouse. GAO-10-644. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salters, D. D. 2008. “The Effects of Independent Reading on the Reading Comprehension Skills of Sixth-Grade Students.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R. 2017. “A Freed but Scarred City Tests Trump.” New York Times, July 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abeliovich 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Abeliovich 2014; Hajkova and Surani 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hajkova and Surani 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mähönen et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles