How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. 2010. “Whole-Animal Imaging: Probe Progress.” Nature 463 (7283): 979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, J., and Lukin, M. D. 2014. “Physics. Quantum Systems under Control.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6194): 272–273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, H., Peters, A., and Chu, S. 2010. “A Precision Measurement of the Gravitational Redshift by the Interference of Matter Waves.” Nature 463 (7283): 926–929.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gupta, S., Hadzibabic, Z., Zwierlein, M. W., Stan, C. A., Dieckmann, K., Schunck, C. H., Van Kempen, E. G. M., Verhaar, B. J., and Ketterle, W. 2003. “Radio-Frequency Spectroscopy of Ultracold Fermions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5626): 1723–1726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R. A. 2011. Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics. Methods of Biochemical Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dokić, B. L. 2015. Power Electronics: Converters and Regulators. Edited by Branko Blanuša. 3rd ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ivanov, A. O., Mishchenko, A. S., and Tuzhilin, A. A. 2015. “Critical Analysis of Amino Acids and Polypeptides Geometry.” In Continuous and Distributed Systems II: Theory and Applications, edited by Viktor A. Sadovnichiy and Mikhail Z. Zgurovsky, 37–81. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. “New Evidence Claims To Support Alternative Theory Of Gravity.” IFLScience. IFLScience. December 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Air Force Technology Development Underway Throughout the Aerospace Industry. B-179665. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masumdar, S. 2017. “Vibration-Based Electromagnetic Energy Harvester for Low-Frequency Road Traffic.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. 2001. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Agreement On Moldova Rebels.” New York Times, November 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2010; Thompson and Lukin 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Lukin 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gupta et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles