How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hochstrasser, M. 2002. “Molecular Biology. New Proteases in a Ubiquitin Stew.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5593): 549–552.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellington, A. D., and Bull, J. J. 2005. “Evolution. Changing the Cofactor Diet of an Enzyme.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5747): 454–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Overby, C. L., Hripcsak, G., and Shen, Y. 2014. “Estimating Heritability of Drug-Induced Liver Injury from Common Variants and Implications for Future Study Designs.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5762.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lücke, B., Scherer, M., Kruse, J., Pezzé, L., Deuretzbacher, F., Hyllus, P., Topic, O., et al. 2011. “Twin Matter Waves for Interferometry beyond the Classical Limit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6057): 773–776.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bill Huitt, W. M. 2016. Bioprocessing Piping and Equipment Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gini, M., and Voyles, R., eds. 2006. Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 7. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Zope, N., Kumar, A., and Lokku, D. 2016. “Enabling Service Business Models Through Service Processes.” In Exploring Services Science: 7th International Conference, IESS 2016, Bucharest, Romania, May 25-27, 2016, Proceedings, edited by Theodor Borangiu, Monica Dragoicea, and Henriqueta Nóvoa, 60–71. Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014. “Big-Headed Ants Grow Even Bigger When the Competition Is Fierce.” IFLScience. IFLScience. October 3.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. National Aero-Space Plane: Key Issues Facing the Program. T-NSIAD-92-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, A. W. 2013. “Shepherd Leadership of Church of God Pastors and How This Relates to Ministerial Effectiveness.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. 2017. “‘Hamilton’ Tries New Tactic to Battle Bots and Scalpers.” New York Times, August 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hochstrasser 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hochstrasser 2002; Ellington and Bull 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellington and Bull 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lücke et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles