How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haxton, W. 2014. “Neutrino Physics: What Makes the Sun Shine.” Nature 512 (7515): 378–380.
A journal article with 2 authors
Say, R. F., and Fuchs, G. 2010. “Fructose 1,6-Bisphosphate Aldolase/Phosphatase May Be an Ancestral Gluconeogenic Enzyme.” Nature 464 (7291): 1077–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aubert, J., Finlay, C. C., and Fournier, A. 2013. “Bottom-up Control of Geomagnetic Secular Variation by the Earth’s Inner Core.” Nature 502 (7470): 219–223.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Abe, H., Jitsuki, S., Nakajima, W., Murata, Y., Jitsuki-Takahashi, A., Katsuno, Y., Tada, H., et al. 2018. “CRMP2-Binding Compound, Edonerpic Maleate, Accelerates Motor Function Recovery from Brain Damage.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 360 (6384): 50–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S. 2010. Computational Photonics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Petrosino, A., Maddalena, L., and Pala, P., eds. 2013. New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: ICIAP 2013 International Workshops, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 8158. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brunner, R. D., and Lynch, A. H. 2010. “Reframing the Context.” In Adaptive Governance and Climate Change, edited by Amanda H. Lynch, 261–315. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2017. “Boeing Is Working On A Hypersonic Space Plane That Can Be Ready To Launch In Hours.” IFLScience. IFLScience. May 25.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Joint Strike Fighter: Significant Challenges and Decisions Ahead. GAO-10-478T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiong, Y. 2008. “Immuno-Magnetic T Cell Depletion for Allogeneic Hematological Stem Cell Transplantation.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. 2017. “Another Failed Festival Puts Industry on Edge.” New York Times, June 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jakosky 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Witkowski 2002; Coyne 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Say and Fuchs 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohwada et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles