How to format your references using the Journal of Business Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Logistics (JBL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, D. N. 2012. “NASA: Let Academia Lead Space Science.” Nature 488 (7409): 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hasty, P., and Vijg, J. 2002. “Aging. Genomic Priorities in Aging.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5571): 1250–1251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biertümpfel, C., Yang, W., and Suck, D. 2007. “Crystal Structure of T4 Endonuclease VII Resolving a Holliday Junction.” Nature 449 (7162): 616–620.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Breitkreutz, A., Choi, H., Sharom, J. R., Boucher, L., Neduva, V., Larsen, B., Lin, Z.-Y., et al. 2010. “A Global Protein Kinase and Phosphatase Interaction Network in Yeast.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328 (5981): 1043–1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret, D., and Riesco, R. 2005. RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Trillas, E., Bonissone, P. P., Magdalena, L., and Kacprzyk, J., eds. 2012. Combining Experimentation and Theory: A Hommage to Abe Mamdani. Vol. 271. Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wimmer, R., Jansen, N., Vorpahl, A., Ábrahám, E., Katoen, J.-P., and Becker, B. 2013. “High-Level Counterexamples for Probabilistic Automata.” In Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 10th International Conference, QEST 2013, Buenos Aires, Argentina, August 27-30, 2013. Proceedings, edited by Kaustubh Joshi, Markus Siegle, Mariëlle Stoelinga, and Pedro R. D’Argenio, 39–54. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Logistics.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. “This Area’s Inhabitants Speak More Languages Than Anywhere Else On Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience. February 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry. HRD-89-100. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson, B. 2008. “Yielding Architecture: A Manifesto for [Urban + Agri]Culture.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Novick, S. M. 2015. “Farm to Blanket.” New York Times, June 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2012; Hasty and Vijg 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hasty and Vijg 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Breitkreutz et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Logistics
ISSN (online)2158-1592

Other styles