How to format your references using the Journal of Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gross DJ (2010) The frontier physicist. Nature 467:S8
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodside MT, McEuen PL (2002) Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots. Science 296:1098–1101
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller KE, Tan IS, Lee Y-S (2012) SAICAR stimulates pyruvate kinase isoform M2 and promotes cancer cell survival in glucose-limited conditions. Science 338:1069–1072
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang W, Zeve D, Suh JM, et al (2008) White fat progenitor cells reside in the adipose vasculature. Science 322:583–586

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rowe P (2015) Essential Statistics for the Pharmaceutical Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kumar A, Fernández H, Revilla MA (eds) (2010) Working with Ferns: Issues and Applications, 1st edn. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hughes GRV (2009) Weak Legs. In: Hughes GRV (ed) Understanding Hughes Syndrome: Case Studies for Patients. Springer, London, pp 8–9

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Democrat And Republican Lawmakers Rally Against Anti-Vaxxer Movement. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Consolidation Loan Borrower Interest Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham ED (2015) A mental health community outreach and education program for Nigerian immigrants: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL (2017) A Prolific Architect’s Groundbreaking Roots. New York Times TR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gross 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Woodside and McEuen 2002; Gross 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woodside and McEuen 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Economics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Econ.
ISSN (print)0044-2372
ISSN (online)1861-8928
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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