How to format your references using the Journal of Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2005) Tale of two surveys. Nature 434:539
A journal article with 2 authors
Milisavljevic D, Fesen RA (2015) Supernovae. The bubble-like interior of the core-collapse supernova remnant Cassiopeia A. Science 347:526–530
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell E, Rowen L, Hood L (2000) Publication rights for sequence data producers. Science 290:1696b–8b
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Park S, Lim J-H, Chung S-W, Mirkin CA (2004) Self-assembly of mesoscopic metal-polymer amphiphiles. Science 303:348–351

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crichton RR, Ward RJ (2006) Metal-based Neurodegeneration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Wallenberger FT, Bingham PA (eds) (2010) Fiberglass and Glass Technology: Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Bickhoff N, Hollensen S, Opresnik M (2014) Step 3: Marketing Implementation—Executing the Marketing Plan. In: Hollensen S, Opresnik M (eds) The Quintessence of Marketing: What You Really Need to Know to Manage Your Marketing Activities. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 111–136

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Could Jurassic Park Ever Come True? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Satellite Control: Long-Term Planning and Adoption of Commercial Practices Could Improve DOD’s Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stone B (2017) Efficacy of Collaborative Consulting Training Module. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak ML (2013) Obama’s Nixonian Precedent. New York Times A29

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2005; Milisavljevic and Fesen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milisavljevic and Fesen 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Economics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Econ.
ISSN (print)0044-2372
ISSN (online)1861-8928
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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