How to format your references using the Journal of Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder N (2000) UK studies ways of paying to join Chile observatory. Nature 405:990
A journal article with 2 authors
Reimann JDR, Jackson PK (2002) Emi1 is required for cytostatic factor arrest in vertebrate eggs. Nature 416:850–854
A journal article with 3 authors
McMichael AJ, Butler CD, Folke C (2003) New visions for addressing sustainability. Science 302:1919–1920
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Roux A, Uyhazi K, Frost A, De Camilli P (2006) GTP-dependent twisting of dynamin implicates constriction and tension in membrane fission. Nature 441:528–531

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau J (2011) The Last Caudillo. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Kjærulff UB (2013) Bayesian Networks and Influence Diagrams: A Guide to Construction and Analysis, Second Edition. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Sutter-Dallay A-L, Riecher-Rössler A (2016) Psychotropic Drugs and the Perinatal Period. In: Sutter-Dallay A-L, Glangeaud-Freudenthal NM-C, Guedeney A, Riecher-Rössler A (eds) Joint Care of Parents and Infants in Perinatal Psychiatry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–92

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) This Is Jupiter As You’ve Never Seen It Before. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Payments in Lieu of Taxes for Federal Property. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wadhwa PH (2015) Secure building automation system using Tesla protocol. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) The Gift Is a Subway Station, But Some Look It in the Mouth. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Reimann and Jackson 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reimann and Jackson 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Roux et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Economics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Econ.
ISSN (print)0044-2372
ISSN (online)1861-8928
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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