How to format your references using the Journal of Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Business Economics (J Bus Econ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karsenty G (2003) The complexities of skeletal biology. Nature 423:316–318
A journal article with 2 authors
Aldecoa R, Marín I (2013) Exploring the limits of community detection strategies in complex networks. Sci Rep 3:2216
A journal article with 3 authors
Courtial J, Leach J, Padgett MJ (2001) Fractals in pixellated video feedback. Nature 414:864
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bardeesy N, Sinha M, Hezel AF, et al (2002) Loss of the Lkb1 tumour suppressor provokes intestinal polyposis but resistance to transformation. Nature 419:162–167

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sedivy J, Carlson G (2011) Sold on Language. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Yang SC-M, Deng D-M, Lin H (eds) (2016) Structural Analysis of Non-Classical Logics: The Proceedings of the Second Taiwan Philosophical Logic Colloquium, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Reiche I, Gourrier A (2016) Informative Potential of Multiscale Observations in Archaeological Biominerals Down to Nanoscale. In: Dillmann P, Bellot-Gurlet L, Nenner I (eds) Nanoscience and Cultural Heritage. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 75–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Number-Crunching Higgs Boson: Meet The World’s Largest Distributed Computer Grid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurley JC (2010) The use of edge detection techniques to analyze thoracoabdominal movement and infer breathing volume. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2015) Knit 1, Curl Up 2. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gisin 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Landweber 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aldecoa and Marín 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rudenko et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Business Economics
AbbreviationJ. Bus. Econ.
ISSN (print)0044-2372
ISSN (online)1861-8928
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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