How to format your references using the Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis, C. (2002) Small RNAs: the genome’s guiding hand? Nature, 420, 732.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meibom, A. & Frei, R. (2002) Evidence for an ancient osmium isotopic reservoir in Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296, 516–518.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao, A., Romanowicz, B. & Takeuchi, N. (2005) An observation of PKJKP: inferences on inner core shear properties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 1453–1455.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
O’Dowd, C.D., Facchini, M.C., Cavalli, F., Ceburnis, D., Mircea, M., Decesari, S., Fuzzi, S., Yoon, Y.J. & Putaud, J.-P. (2004) Biogenically driven organic contribution to marine aerosol. Nature, 431, 676–680.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Sutherland, P. (2014) Principles of Electrical Safety. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jensen, K., Aalst, W.M.P. van der, Balbo, G., Koutny, M. & Wolf, K. (eds.). (2013) Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII. P. in.: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XVI, 423 p. 250 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Ambler, S.W. (2008) Tailoring Usability into Agile Software Development Projects. Pp. 75–95 in: Maturing Usability: Quality in Software, Interaction and Value (E.L.-C. Law, E.T. Hvannberg & G. Cockton, editors). Human-Computer Interaction Series, Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) How World War II Spurred Vaccine Innovation. IFLScience. IFLScience. <; (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002) Electronic Government: Proposal Addresses Critical Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Othmanawny, G. (2017) Soaked and Unsoaked Performance of Crushed Gravel and Limestone Aggregates. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. (2004) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Compensation For Theater Siege. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dennis, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dennis, 2002; Meibom & Frei, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meibom & Frei, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Dowd et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleClay Minerals
AbbreviationClay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8558
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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