How to format your references using the Clay Minerals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clay Minerals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schooler, J. (2011) Unpublished results hide the decline effect. Nature, 470, 437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makse, H.A. & Kurchan, J. (2002) Testing the thermodynamic approach to granular matter with a numerical model of a decisive experiment. Nature, 415, 614–617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michael Beman, J., Arrigo, K.R. & Matson, P.A. (2005) Agricultural runoff fuels large phytoplankton blooms in vulnerable areas of the ocean. Nature, 434, 211–214.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rosales-Guzmán, C., Hermosa, N., Belmonte, A. & Torres, J.P. (2013) Experimental detection of transverse particle movement with structured light. Scientific reports, 3, 2815.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschirhart, M. & Bielefeld, W. (2012) Managing Nonprofit Organizations. P. in.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., San Francisco.
An edited book
Pohl, G. (2015) Biomimetics for Architecture & Design: Nature - Analogies - Technology. P. in.: 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XX, 337 p. 368 illus., 194 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, W. (2012) FSK Modulation and Demodulation Analysis Based on Matlab. Pp. 26–32 in: Information and Business Intelligence: International Conference, IBI 2011, Chongqing, China, December 23-25, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (X. Qu & Y. Yang, editors). Communications in Computer and Information Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clay Minerals.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014) DARPA Wants Brain Implants For Restoring Memories. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989) Space Shuttle: Follow-up Evaluation of NASA’s Solid Rocket Motor Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sinha, R. (2017) An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2005) Two Students Honored for Scientific Projects. New York Times, 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schooler, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Makse & Kurchan, 2002; Schooler, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makse & Kurchan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosales-Guzmán et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleClay Minerals
AbbreviationClay Miner.
ISSN (print)0009-8558
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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