How to format your references using the Journal of Building Performance Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Performance Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiick, Kristi L. 2007. “Materials Science. Polymer Therapeutics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5842): 1182–1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandler, James Angus, and Michael Turelli. 2014. “Comment on ‘The Hologenomic Basis of Speciation: Gut Bacteria Cause Hybrid Lethality in the Genus Nasonia.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 345 (6200): 1011.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brown, Erik T., Peter Molnar, and Didier L. Bourlès. 2005. “Comment on ‘Slip-Rate Measurements on the Karakorum Fault May Imply Secular Variations in Fault Motion.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5739): 1326; author reply 1326.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Some, Surajit, Youngmin Kim, Yeoheung Yoon, Heejoun Yoo, Saemi Lee, Younghun Park, and Hyoyoung Lee. 2013. “High-Quality Reduced Graphene Oxide by a Dual-Function Chemical Reduction and Healing Process.” Scientific Reports 3: 1929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu, Frank Xin X., Richard Hoehn, Vasant Thakkar, and Edwin Yuh. 2017. Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, Li, Ehsan Adeli, Qian Wang, Yinghuan Shi, and Heung-Il Suk, eds. 2016. Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: 7th International Workshop, MLMI 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings. Vol. 10019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dedysh, Svetlana N., and Irina S. Kulichevskaya. 2013. “Acidophilic Planctomycetes: Expanding the Horizons of New Planctomycete Diversity.” In Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology, edited by John A. Fuerst, 125–139. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Performance Simulation.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Researchers Achieve Record-Smashing Wireless Connection Speeds.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Highway Bridges: Linking Funding to Conditions May Help Demonstrate Impact of Federal Investment. GAO-16-779. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpin-Padberg, Sarah. 2017. “Effects of Elementary Teacher Preparation and Support on Retention.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, Michael M., and John Koblin. 2017. “Liberals Tune In to TV Again, in Search of Communal Solace.” New York Times, March 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiick 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kiick 2007; Chandler and Turelli 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chandler and Turelli 2014)
  • Three authors: (Brown, Molnar, and Bourlès 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Some et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Performance Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Build. Perform. Simul.
ISSN (print)1940-1493
ISSN (online)1940-1507
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction
Modelling and Simulation

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