How to format your references using the Journal of Building Performance Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Performance Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nutt, David. 2014. “Help Luck along to Find Psychiatric Medicines.” Nature 515 (7526): 165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caputo, Joshua M., and Steven H. Collins. 2014. “Prosthetic Ankle Push-off Work Reduces Metabolic Rate but Not Collision Work in Non-Amputee Walking.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bode, F., F. Sachs, and M. R. Franz. 2001. “Tarantula Peptide Inhibits Atrial Fibrillation.” Nature 409 (6816): 35–36.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shinzato, Chuya, Eiichi Shoguchi, Takeshi Kawashima, Mayuko Hamada, Kanako Hisata, Makiko Tanaka, Manabu Fujie, et al. 2011. “Using the Acropora Digitifera Genome to Understand Coral Responses to Environmental Change.” Nature 476 (7360): 320–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ludders, John W., and Matthew McMillan. 2016. Errors in Veterinary Anesthesia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ijioui, Raschid, Heike Emmerich, and Michael Ceyp, eds. 2008. Strategies and Tactics in Supply Chain Event Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
St John, Susan. 2016. “Can Older Citizens Lead the Way to a Universal Basic Income?” In Basic Income in Australia and New Zealand: Perspectives from the Neoliberal Frontier, edited by Jennifer Mays, Greg Marston, and John Tomlinson, 95–114. Working Paper. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Performance Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Everything You Need to Know About Cometary Exploration.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Customs Service Modernization: Actions Initiated to Correct ACE Management and Technical Weaknesses. AIMD-99-198R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Becker, Liza A. 2010. “Noncredit to Credit Transitions: The Role of Cultural Capital and Habitus for Adult Immigrant Learners in the Community College.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2015. “A Tangle of Rulings for Pension Cuts.” New York Times, July 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nutt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nutt 2014; Caputo and Collins 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caputo and Collins 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bode, Sachs, and Franz 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shinzato et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Performance Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Build. Perform. Simul.
ISSN (print)1940-1493
ISSN (online)1940-1507
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction
Modelling and Simulation

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