How to format your references using the Journal of Building Performance Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Performance Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zamble, Deborah. 2015. “ENZYMOLOGY. It Costs More than a Nickel.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6243): 35–36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ford, Richard, and Eugene H. Spafford. 2007. “Computer Science. Happy Birthday, Dear Viruses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5835): 210–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neves, Susana R., Prahlad T. Ram, and Ravi Iyengar. 2002. “G Protein Pathways.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5573): 1636–1639.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Currat, Mathias, Laurent Excoffier, Wayne Maddison, Sarah P. Otto, Nicolas Ray, Michael C. Whitlock, and Sam Yeaman. 2006. “Comment on ‘Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo Sapiens’ and ‘Microcephalin, a Gene Regulating Brain Size, Continues to Evolve Adaptively in Humans.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5784): 172; author reply 172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire, Paul, and David Hampton. 2014. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Manfredi, Riccardo. 2013. Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts. Edited by Roberto Pozzi Mucelli. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Landau, Ioan Doré, Rogelio Lozano, Mohammed M’Saad, and Alireza Karimi. 2011. “Parameter Adaptation Algorithms—Stochastic Environment.” In Adaptive Control: Algorithms, Analysis and Applications, edited by Rogelio Lozano, Mohammed M’Saad, and Alireza Karimi, 121–151. Communications and Control Engineering. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Performance Simulation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. “SpaceX Just Test-Fired A New Rocket Engine That Will Launch Missions To Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Transportation Safety: Information Concerning Why a 1980 Aircraft Report Was Not Provided Earlier to the National Transportation Safety Board. OSI-00-2R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gauen, Karen Earhart. 2009. “The Impact of the Instructional Practices Inventory at an Illinois Middle School.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2006. “Loop Drawbridge to Try Car-Friendly Schedule.” New York Times, April 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zamble 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zamble 2015; Ford and Spafford 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ford and Spafford 2007)
  • Three authors: (Neves, Ram, and Iyengar 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Currat et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Performance Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Build. Perform. Simul.
ISSN (print)1940-1493
ISSN (online)1940-1507
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles