How to format your references using the Journal of Building Performance Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Performance Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van den Heuvel, Edward P. J. 2004. “Astronomy. Double Pulsar Jackpot.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5661): 1143–1144.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin, David S., and John A. Tainer. 2015. “Molecular Biology: DNA Repair without Flipping Out.” Nature 527 (7577): 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, Adrian W., Lily Yeh Jan, and Yuh Nung Jan. 2002. “Hamlet, a Binary Genetic Switch between Single- and Multiple- Dendrite Neuron Morphology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5585): 1355–1358.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hatano, T., Y. Ogimoto, N. Ogawa, M. Nakano, S. Ono, Y. Tomioka, K. Miyano, Y. Iwasa, and Y. Tokura. 2013. “Gate Control of Electronic Phases in a Quarter-Filled Manganite.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan, Joseph, and Jackie VanderBrug. 2016. Gender Lens Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Warady, Bradley A., Franz Schaefer, and Steven R. Alexander, eds. 2012. Pediatric Dialysis. 2nded. 2012. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Sen, Suvrajeet, Zhihong Zhou, and Kai Huang. 2011. “Stochastic Decomposition and Extensions.” In Stochastic Programming: The State of the Art In Honor of George B. Dantzig, edited by Gerd Infanger, 57–66. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Performance Simulation.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Early Scorpions May Have Transitioned To Land Earlier Than Thought.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. International School Feeding: USDA’s Oversight of the McGovern-Dole Food for Education Program Needs Improvement. GAO-11-544. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, Michael Ross. 2008. “The Adaptive Nature of Organizational Silence: A Cybernetic Exploration of the Hidden Factory.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cline, Eric H. 2014. “Climate Change Doomed the Ancients.” New York Times, May 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van den Heuvel 2004).
This sentence cites two references (van den Heuvel 2004; Shin and Tainer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shin and Tainer 2015)
  • Three authors: (Moore, Jan, and Jan 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hatano et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Performance Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Build. Perform. Simul.
ISSN (print)1940-1493
ISSN (online)1940-1507
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction
Modelling and Simulation

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