How to format your references using the Journal of Building Performance Simulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Performance Simulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donald, Athene. 2012. “Throw off the Cloak of Invisibility.” Nature 490 (7421): 447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegerl, Gabriele C., and Nathaniel L. Bindoff. 2005. “Ocean Science. Warming the World’s Oceans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 309 (5732): 254–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Debs, John E., Nicholas P. Robins, and John D. Close. 2013. “Physics. Measuring Mass in Seconds.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6119): 532–533.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Brocks, Jochen J., Gordon D. Love, Roger E. Summons, Andrew H. Knoll, Graham A. Logan, and Stephen A. Bowden. 2005. “Biomarker Evidence for Green and Purple Sulphur Bacteria in a Stratified Palaeoproterozoic Sea.” Nature 437 (7060): 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habib, M. A. R. 2010. Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Bowers, Edmond P., G. John Geldhof, Sara K. Johnson, Lacey J. Hilliard, Rachel M. Hershberg, Jacqueline V. Lerner, and Richard M. Lerner, eds. 2015. Promoting Positive Youth Development: Lessons from the 4-H Study. Advancing Responsible Adolescent Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoffstein, Jeffrey, Jill Pipher, and Joseph H. Silverman. 2014. “Digital Signatures.” In An Introduction to Mathematical Cryptography, edited by Jill Pipher and Joseph H. Silverman, 193–205. Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Performance Simulation.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Seriously, Don’t Put Wasp Nests In Your Vagina.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. The Air Force Continued To Develop the Advanced Logistics System, a Program It Was Directed To Cancel. LCD-78-108. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, Mariel. 2012. “Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma Caninum.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, James. 2017. “Demands That Change DNA.” New York Times, May 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donald 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Donald 2012; Hegerl and Bindoff 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegerl and Bindoff 2005)
  • Three authors: (Debs, Robins, and Close 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Brocks et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Performance Simulation
AbbreviationJ. Build. Perform. Simul.
ISSN (print)1940-1493
ISSN (online)1940-1507
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Building and Construction
Modelling and Simulation

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