How to format your references using the Earth Science Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth Science Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D (2000) ELECTION 2000: Uncertainty Wins by a Landslide. Science 290:1277–1279
A journal article with 2 authors
Schraidt O, Marlovits TC (2011) Three-dimensional model of Salmonella’s needle complex at subnanometer resolution. Science 331:1192–1195
A journal article with 3 authors
Ribeiro B, Perra N, Baronchelli A (2013) Quantifying the effect of temporal resolution on time-varying networks. Sci Rep 3:3006
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Arculus R, Campbell IH, McLennan SM, Taylor SR (2009) Asteroids and andesites. Nature 459:E1; discussion E2

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe PJ, O’Driscoll MP, Cooper CL (2010) Coping with Work Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kim T-H, Ma J, Fang W-C, et al (eds) (2010) U- and E-Service, Science and Technology: International Conference UNESST 2010, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2010, Jeju Island, Korea, December 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Berwanger D, Janin D (2006) Automata on Directed Graphs: Edge Versus Vertex Marking. In: Corradini A, Ehrig H, Montanari U, et al. (eds) Graph Transformations: Third International Conference, ICGT 2006 Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, September 17-23, 2006 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth Science Informatics.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Birds Feast on Bugs Living in Sloth Fur. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Experimental Schools Program: Opportunities To Improve the Management of an Educational Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thirumal VM (2017) Production of Microbial Lipids from Lipomyces starkeyi. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz B (2016) All Kidding Aside, Alderson and Mets Sign Tebow to Minor League Deal. New York Times B13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff 2000; Schraidt and Marlovits 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schraidt and Marlovits 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Arculus et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth Science Informatics
AbbreviationEarth Sci. Inform.
ISSN (print)1865-0473
ISSN (online)1865-0481
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

Other styles