How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Corridor at the crossroads: Michigan. Nature 420, 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunham-Snary, K. J., and Ballinger, S. W. (2015). GENETICS. Mitochondrial-nuclear DNA mismatch matters. Science 349, 1449–1450.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahrestani, F. S., Hebblewhite, M., and Post, E. (2013). The importance of observation versus process error in analyses of global ungulate populations. Sci. Rep. 3, 3125.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nowack, M. K., Shirzadi, R., Dissmeyer, N., Dolf, A., Endl, E., Grini, P. E., et al. (2007). Bypassing genomic imprinting allows seed development. Nature 447, 312–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin, P. (2010). OSx86. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Abramovich, D. (2008). Enumerative Invariants in Algebraic Geometry and String Theory: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy June 6–11, 2005. , eds. M. Mariño, M. Thaddeus, R. Vakil, K. Behrend, and M. Manetti Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zmudzinski, S., Steinebach, M., and Butt, M. (2012). “Watermark Embedding Using Audio Fingerprinting,” in Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security VIII: Special Issue on Pattern Recognition for IT Security Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Y. Q. Shi and S. Katzenbeisser (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). The Wildlife Photographer Of The Year Reveals The People’s Choice Award. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Special Education: Federal Actions Can Assist States in Improving Postsecondary Outcomes for Youth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Othmanawny, G. (2017). Soaked and Unsoaked Performance of Crushed Gravel and Limestone Aggregates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
ABBY GOODNOUGH; Linda Brockman contributed reporting from Fort Lauderdale for this article (2005). Wanting Facts Firsthand, Teenager Makes Secret Trip to Iraq. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Dunham-Snary and Ballinger, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dunham-Snary and Ballinger, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Nowack et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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