How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lipton, S. A. (2004). Turning down, but not off. Nature 428, 473.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, C. H., and Wainwright, P. C. (2013). Multiple fitness peaks on the adaptive landscape drive adaptive radiation in the wild. Science 339, 208–211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinkai, K., Mohrs, M., and Locksley, R. M. (2002). Helper T cells regulate type-2 innate immunity in vivo. Nature 420, 825–829.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Krasilnikov, A. S., Xiao, Y., Pan, T., and Mondragón, A. (2004). Basis for structural diversity in homologous RNAs. Science 306, 104–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgado, R. L.-C., and Araki, M. (2006). Spoken, Multilingual and Multimodal Dialogue Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mauri, J. L., Thampi, S. M., Rawat, D. B., and Jin, D. eds. (2014). Security in Computing and Communications: Second International Symposium, SSCC 2014, Delhi, India, September 24-27, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ellis, P. (2010). “The Ethics of Taking Sides,” in Ethical Questions and International NGOs: An exchange between Philosophers and NGOs Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy., eds. C. Roche and K. Horton (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). New Treatment Effectively Reverses Tooth Decay, Could Make Dentist’s Drills Obsolete. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Telecommunications: Development of Competition in Local Telephone Markets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, E. J. (2010). A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2017). At a ‘Defense’ Expo, an Antiseptic World of Weaponry. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lipton, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lipton, 2004; Martin and Wainwright, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Wainwright, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Krasilnikov et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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