How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hatten, M. E. (2002). New directions in neuronal migration. Science 297, 1660–1663.
A journal article with 2 authors
Langer, R., and Tirrell, D. A. (2004). Designing materials for biology and medicine. Nature 428, 487–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silvarolla, M. B., Mazzafera, P., and Fazuoli, L. C. (2004). Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature 429, 826.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Quinn, A. E., Georges, A., Sarre, S. D., Guarino, F., Ezaz, T., and Graves, J. A. M. (2007). Temperature sex reversal implies sex gene dosage in a reptile. Science 316, 411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson, P. W., Prasher, V. P., and Janicki, M. P. (2008). Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Blowey, J., and Jensen, M. eds. (2012). Frontiers in Numerical Analysis - Durham 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cuartielles, D., Göransson, A., Olsson, T., and Stenslie, S. (2012). “Mobile Haptic Technology Development through Artistic Exploration,” in Haptic and Audio Interaction Design: 7th International Conference, HAID 2012, Lund, Sweden, August 23-24, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. C. Magnusson, D. Szymczak, and S. Brewster (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). From Newton To Einstein: The Origins Of General Relativity. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Mass Transit: Issues Related to Fiscal Year 1995 Appropriations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kramer-Duffield, J. (2010). Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017). Rangers Unearth Vigor in a Clinching Win. New York Times, SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hatten, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hatten, 2002; Langer and Tirrell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Langer and Tirrell, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Quinn et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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