How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrling, P. (2006). Experiments in social responsibility. Nature 439, 267–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Srinivasan, K., and Painter, O. (2007). Linear and nonlinear optical spectroscopy of a strongly coupled microdisk-quantum dot system. Nature 450, 862–865.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, J., Bai, L., and Wang, M. D. (2013). Transcription under torsion. Science 340, 1580–1583.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Joksimovic, R., Watanabe, S., Riemer, S., Gradzielski, M., and Yoshikawa, K. (2014). Self-organized patterning through the dynamic segregation of DNA and silica nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 4, 3660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, G. (2011). Dyslexia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lowery, C., Walker, A., and Thomas, C. eds. (2016). Un-Democratic Acts: New Departures for Dialogues in Society and Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Gollwitzer, M., and van Prooijen, J.-W. (2016). “Psychology of Justice,” in Handbook of Social Justice Theory and Research, eds. C. Sabbagh and M. Schmitt (New York, NY: Springer), 61–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). Touch Is The Sense We Understand The Least – But Maybe Not For Much Longer. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Alleged Misappropriation of Monies Allocated for the Operation of the Memphis District Office of the EEOC. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Albers, C. (2015). One Academic Year Study of Experiences of One Cohort of Graduates from a Midwestern University’s Teacher Education Program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). A Big Step for a Tunisian, and for Arab Countries. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herrling, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Herrling, 2006; Srinivasan and Painter, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Srinivasan and Painter, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Joksimovic et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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