How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delaney, P. (2000). Palaeoceanography. Nutrients in the glacial balance. Nature 405, 288–9, 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohwer, F., and Thurber, R. V. (2009). Viruses manipulate the marine environment. Nature 459, 207–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zobel, M., Neder, R. B., and Kimber, S. A. J. (2015). Universal solvent restructuring induced by colloidal nanoparticles. Science 347, 292–294.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xu, Y.-T., Wang, J., Yin, R., Qiu, M.-T., Xu, L., Wang, J., et al. (2014). Genetic polymorphisms in Glutathione S-transferase Omega (GSTO) and cancer risk: a meta-analysis of 20 studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 6578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, H. L. (2005). Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kashmiri, S. M. (2013). Electrothermal Frequency References in Standard CMOS. , ed. K. A. A. Makinwa New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rubio, E., and Castillo, O. (2015). “A New Proposal for a Granular Fuzzy C-Means Algorithm,” in Design of Intelligent Systems Based on Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks and Nature-Inspired Optimization Studies in Computational Intelligence., eds. P. Melin, O. Castillo, and J. Kacprzyk (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017). CRISPR Scientists Are Bringing Woolly Mammoths Back From The Dead. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Highway Planning: Agencies Are Attempting to Expedite Environmental Reviews, but Barriers Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, T. (2010). Assessing the determinants of information technology adoption in Jamaica’s public sector using the technology acceptance model.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J., and Corkery, M. (2017). The Used Car Was Repossessed, But the Lender Is Still Collecting. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delaney, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delaney, 2000; Rohwer and Thurber, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohwer and Thurber, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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