How to format your references using the Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sagarin, R. (2001). False estimates of the advance of spring. Nature 414, 600.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peng, C., and Gao, F. (2014). Protein localization analysis of essential genes in prokaryotes. Sci. Rep. 4, 6001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldner, A., Herold, N., and Huber, M. (2014). Antarctic glaciation caused ocean circulation changes at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature 511, 574–577.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Maldonado, A. M., Doerner, P., Dixon, R. A., Lamb, C. J., and Cameron, R. K. (2002). A putative lipid transfer protein involved in systemic resistance signalling in Arabidopsis. Nature 419, 399–403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hirsch, F., Kemp, J., and Ilkka, J. (2006). Mobile Web Services. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Helal, S., Mitra, S., Wong, J., Chang, C. K., and Mokhtari, M. eds. (2008). Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 6th International Conference, ICOST 2008 Ames, IA, USA, June 28-July 2, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Oldenburg, J., Schröder, J., Schwaab, R., Müller-Reible, C., Seifried, E., Hanfland, P., et al. (2006). “Mutation Type Dependent Inhibitor Risk — a Single Center Study on 432 Patients with Severe Hemophilia A,” in 35th Hemophilia Symposium: Hamburg 2004, eds. I. Scharrer and W. Schramm (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 33–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Germany Now Produces Half Of Its Energy Using Solar. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972). Cloud-Seeding Activities Carried Out in the United States Under Programs Supported by the Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Navarro, C. (2012). Advocacy services for high-risk Latino families caring for children with autism: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). As a Neighborhood Rebuilds, An Ex-Gadfly Gets Some Clout. New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sagarin, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Sagarin, 2001; Peng and Gao, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peng and Gao, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Maldonado et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Decision Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-453X
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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