How to format your references using the Journal of Bone Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.R. Richmond, How neptunium led to the birth of plutonium, Nature. 406 (2000) 455.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.J. Moore, G.A. Early, Cumulative sperm whale bone damage and the bends, Science. 306 (2004) 2215.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Antonovics, M.E. Hood, C.H. Baker, Molecular virology: was the 1918 flu avian in origin?, Nature. 440 (2006) E9; discussion E9-10.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Djamei, K. Schipper, F. Rabe, A. Ghosh, V. Vincon, J. Kahnt, S. Osorio, T. Tohge, A.R. Fernie, I. Feussner, K. Feussner, P. Meinicke, Y.-D. Stierhof, H. Schwarz, B. Macek, M. Mann, R. Kahmann, Metabolic priming by a secreted fungal effector, Nature. 478 (2011) 395–398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bhalla, S. Moharana, V. Talakokula, N. Kaur, Piezoelectric Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
P. Kalaja, Beliefs, Agency and Identity in Foreign Language Learning and Teaching, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Madigan, D. Morris, The Port Resolution Project: Developing Community Built and Managed Visitor Accommodation Typologies, in: R. Tiwari, M. Lommerse, D. Smith (Eds.), M2 Models and Methodologies for Community Engagement, Springer, Singapore, 2014: pp. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone Oncology.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, Quadruple Amputee Dog Receives Four Prosthetic Paws, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, TSA Explosives Detection Canine Program: Actions Needed to Analyze Data and Ensure Canine Teams Are Effectively Utilized, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Henderson, The effect of Interactive Metronome training on sports confidence and putting performance, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, Spoil Your Wrist, New York Times. (2010) E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Bone Oncol.
ISSN (print)2212-1374

Other styles