How to format your references using the Journal of Bone Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.C. Borniger, Leaping into the unknown, Science. 350 (2015) 882.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.R. Mattaini, M.G. Vander Heiden, Cancer. Glycosylation to adapt to stress, Science. 337 (2012) 925–926.
A journal article with 3 authors
V.Y. Poon, M.P. Klassen, K. Shen, UNC-6/netrin and its receptor UNC-5 locally exclude presynaptic components from dendrites, Nature. 455 (2008) 669–673.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Efeyan, I. Garcia-Cao, D. Herranz, S. Velasco-Miguel, M. Serrano, Tumour biology: Policing of oncogene activity by p53, Nature. 443 (2006) 159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.D. Albright, Death of the Chesapeake, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
N. Maglaveras, I. Chouvarda, V. Koutkias, R. Brause, eds., Biological and Medical Data Analysis: 7th International Symposium, ISBMDA 2006, Thessaloniki, Greece, December 7-8, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Berwanger, D. Janin, Automata on Directed Graphs: Edge Versus Vertex Marking, in: A. Corradini, H. Ehrig, U. Montanari, L. Ribeiro, G. Rozenberg (Eds.), Graph Transformations: Third International Conference, ICGT 2006 Natal, Rio Grande Do Norte, Brazil, September 17-23, 2006 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 46–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone Oncology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Antarctic Ozone Layer Shows Early Signs Of Healing, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Head Start: An Effective Program but the Fund Distribution Formula Needs Revision and Management Controls Need Improvement, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.B. Uthe, The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Dailey, The Arts Fall Preview Is About to Drop, New York Times. (2017) A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Bone Oncol.
ISSN (print)2212-1374

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