How to format your references using the Serials Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Serials Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegener, M. (2013). Materials science. Metamaterials beyond optics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6161), 939–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., & Duncan, J. H. (2003). The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature, 421(6922), 520–523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Auerbach, B. D., Osterweil, E. K., & Bear, M. F. (2011). Mutations causing syndromic autism define an axis of synaptic pathophysiology. Nature, 480(7375), 63–68.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johansson, L. I., Armiento, R., Avila, J., Xia, C., Lorcy, S., Abrikosov, I. A., Asensio, M. C., & Virojanadara, C. (2014). Multiple π-bands and Bernal stacking of multilayer graphene on C-face SiC, revealed by nano-Angle Resolved Photoemission. Scientific Reports, 4, 4157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gamenara, D., Seoane, G. A., Saenz-Méndez, P., & de María, P. D. (2012). Redox Biocatalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eichmeier, J. A., & Thumm, M. K. (Eds.). (2008). Vacuum Electronics: Components and Devices. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghorbani, R., Koocheki, A., Brandt, K., Wilcockson, S., & Leifert, C. (2010). Organic Agriculture and Food Production: Ecological, Environmental, Food Safety and Nutritional Quality Issues. In E. Lichtfouse (Ed.), Sociology, Organic Farming, Climate Change and Soil Science (pp. 77–107). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Serials Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 11). How To Milk A Deadly Box Jellyfish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2010 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (GAO-11-120R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bontrager, J. G. (2015). Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, N. (2017, May 2). Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wegener, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Duncan, 2003; Wegener, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Duncan, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Auerbach et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johansson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSerials Review
ISSN (print)0098-7913
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

Other styles