How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Howard K (2003) San Diego. Nature 426:689
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Franks NR, Richardson T (2006) Teaching in tandem-running ants. Nature 439:153
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gómez-Llobregat J, Buceta J, Reigada R (2013) Interplay of cytoskeletal activity and lipid phase stability in dynamic protein recruitment and clustering. Sci Rep 3:2608
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhuang J, Chen X, Tan Z, et al (2014) A novel de novo duplication mutation of PAX6 in a Chinese family with aniridia and other ocular abnormalities. Sci Rep 4:4836

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Korhonen J, Savolainen T, Soininen J (2013) Deploying IPv6 in 3GPP Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Helming K, Pérez-Soba M, Tabbush P (2008) Sustainability Impact Assessment of Land Use Changes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Coughenour M, Behnke R, Lomas J, Price K (2008) Forage Distributions, Range Condition, and the Importance of Pastoral Movement in Central Asia - A Remote Sensing Study. In: Behnke R (ed) The Socio-Economic Causes and Consequences of Desertification in Central Asia. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Female Sperm Whales Have Best Friends Too. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/female-sperm-whales-have-best-friends-too/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1985) ADP Equipment: Buying Through GSA’s Office of Technology Plus Stores. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ugwu RI (2012) Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Weapons Found Near Vnukovo Airport. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)0914-8779
ISSN (online)1435-5604
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles