How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caplan A (2004) Bioethics. Is biomedical research too dangerous to pursue? Science 303:1142
A journal article with 2 authors
Poinar GO Jr, Danforth BN (2006) A fossil bee from Early Cretaceous Burmese amber. Science 314:614
A journal article with 3 authors
Morales R, Di Matteo T, Aste T (2014) Dependency structure and scaling properties of financial time series are related. Sci Rep 4:4589
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tanaka J-I, Horiike Y, Matsuzaki M, et al (2008) Protein synthesis and neurotrophin-dependent structural plasticity of single dendritic spines. Science 319:1683–1687

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith V (2012) Toni Morrison. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Maus TM, Nhieu S, Herway ST (2016) Essential Echocardiography: Transesophageal Echocardiography for Non-cardiac Anesthesiologists. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Skubov D, Khodzhaev KS (2008) Periodic solutions in problems of excitation of mechanical oscillations. In: Khodzhaev KS (ed) Non-Linear Electromechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 175–204

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Are Chimps Natural Born Killers? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson O (2014) Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY JC Jr (2017) Man Charged With Murder In Shooting At Rap Show. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)0914-8779
ISSN (online)1435-5604
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles