How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abreu A (2012) Harnessing new scientific capacity. Science 336:1397
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau RM, McEvilly TV (2004) Periodic pulsing of characteristic microearthquakes on the San Andreas fault. Science 303:220–222
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindenmayer DB, Laurance WF, Franklin JF (2012) Ecology. Global decline in large old trees. Science 338:1305–1306
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Honaramooz A, Snedaker A, Boiani M, et al (2002) Sperm from neonatal mammalian testes grafted in mice. Nature 418:778–781

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider BD (2007) Energy Leadership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vanin JR (2008) Anxiety Disorders: A Pocket Guide for Primary Care. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Kerber M, Rowat C, Windsteiger W (2011) Using Theorema in the Formalization of Theoretical Economics. In: Davenport JH, Farmer WM, Urban J, Rabe F (eds) Intelligent Computer Mathematics: 18th Symposium, Calculemus 2011, and 10th International Conference, MKM 2011, Bertinoro, Italy, July 18-23, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 58–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Worried About Arsenic In Your Baby’s Rice Cereal? There Are Other Foods That Can Provide Essential Iron. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parajuli B (2014) Students’ Motivations towards Volunteerism: A Comparative Study of the United States and Nepal. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly SR (2017) A Better Way to Fix the Border. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)0914-8779
ISSN (online)1435-5604
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles