How to format your references using the Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bray D (2003) Genomics. Molecular prodigality. Science 299:1189–1190
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Côté IM, Reynolds JD (2002) Conservation biology. Predictive ecology to the rescue? Science 298:1181–1182
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bell E, Rowen L, Hood L (2000) Publication rights for sequence data producers. Science 290:1696b–8b
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Chambliss AB, Khatau SB, Erdenberger N, et al (2013) The LINC-anchored actin cap connects the extracellular milieu to the nucleus for ultrafast mechanotransduction. Sci Rep 3:1087

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Varrall G (2011) Making Telecoms Work. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Amara A, Rozeau O (2009) Planar Double-Gate Transistor: From Technology to Circuit. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Xu J, Zhang Q, Huang X (2015) Personalized Hashtag Suggestion for Microblogs. In: Zhang X, Sun M, Wang Z, Huang X (eds) Social Media Processing: 4th National Conference, SMP 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 16-17, 2015, Proceedings. Springer, Singapore, pp 38–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2017) Earliest Evidence Of Aboriginal People Living On Australia Coast Dates To 50,000 Years Ago. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/earliest-evidence-of-aboriginal-people-living-on-australia-coast-dates-to-50000-years-ago/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) Gender Equity: Men’s and Women’s Participation in Higher Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tovar L (2009) Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2015) Bad Math and a Coming Public Pension Crisis. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
AbbreviationJ. Bone Miner. Metab.
ISSN (print)0914-8779
ISSN (online)1435-5604
ScopeEndocrinology
General Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles