How to format your references using the Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferrari, R. Ocean Science. A Frontal Challenge for Climate Models. Science 2011, 332, 316–317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sipp, D.; Turner, L. Stem Cells. U.S. Regulation of Stem Cells as Medical Products. Science 2012, 338, 1296–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lupp, C.; Skipper, M.; Weiss, U. Gut Microbes and Health. Nature 2012, 489, 219.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paler, A.; Devitt, S.J.; Nemoto, K.; Polian, I. Mapping of Topological Quantum Circuits to Physical Hardware. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemma, A. Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: West Sussex, England, 2008; ISBN 9780470713426.
An edited book
Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources; Cheng, K.S., Romero, G.E., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; ISBN 9781402032141.
A chapter in an edited book
Garnier, E.; Adams, N.; Sagaut, P. Functional Modeling. In Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows; Adams, N., Sagaut, P., Eds.; Scientific Computation; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009; pp. 77–93 ISBN 9789048128181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Hybrid Species Are On The March – With The Help Of Humans Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Review of Estimate in Prime Contract N00019-71-C-0450 With Grumman Aerospace Corporation; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tahira, A. Synthesis of Bivalent Organothiophosphate Inhibitors and Their Inhibition of Butyrylcholinesterase: Studies towards a Potential Treatment of Cognitive Loss Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M. Former Mayor of Detroit Guilty in Corruption Case. New York Times 2013, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics
ISSN (online)2227-7390

Other styles