How to format your references using the Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K. Drug discovery: Leaving no stone unturned. Nature 2014, 509, S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, N.; Schuldiner, M. Genetics. The DNA damage road map. Science 2010, 330, 1327–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spinner, M.; Westhoff, G.; Gorb, S.N. Subdigital setae of chameleon feet: friction-enhancing microstructures for a wide range of substrate roughness. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5481.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zickfeld, K.; Fyfe, J.C.; Eby, M.; Weaver, A.J. Comment on “Saturation of the southern ocean CO2 sink due to recent climate change.” Science 2008, 319, 570; author reply 570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, F.A. Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2007; ISBN 9780470192696.
An edited book
Colorectal Cancer Screening and Computerized Tomographic Colonography: A Comprehensive Overview; Cash, B.D., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781461459422.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiang, I.J.; Lin, T.Y. (‘t Y.’); Tsai, H.-C.; Wong, J.-M.; Hu, X. Latent Semantic Space for Web Clustering. In Data Mining: Foundations and Practice; Lin, T.Y., Xie, Y., Wasilewska, A., Liau, C.-J., Eds.; Studies in Computational Intelligence; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 61–77 ISBN 9783540784876.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Plants “Communicate” Using Molecular Language Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office The Treasury Department and Its Bureaus Can Better Plan for and Control Computer Resources; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1982;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, T.N. The Impact of Undergraduate Research Participation on Research Self-Efficacy. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University: Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marshall, L. From Granny’s Store to G.M. New York Times 2011, BU9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematics
ISSN (online)2227-7390

Other styles