How to format your references using the Journal of Bioscience and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Keller SA. Vital statistics. Nature. 2010;467:914.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Libby E, Ratcliff WC. Evolution. Ratcheting the evolution of multicellularity. Science. 2014;346:426–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Huffard CL, Boneka F, Full RJ. Underwater bipedal locomotion by octopuses in disguise. Science. 2005;307:1927.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Márquez LM, Redman RS, Rodriguez RJ, Roossinck MJ. A virus in a fungus in a plant: three-way symbiosis required for thermal tolerance. Science. 2007;315:513–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ben Mahmoud MS, Guerber C, Larrieu N, Pirovano A, Radzik J. Aeronautical Air-Ground Data Link Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Gustafsson S, Kalwij A, editors. Education and Postponement of Maternity: Economic Analyses for Industrialized Countries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Saakov VS, Drapkin VZ, Krivchenko AI, Rozengart EV, Bogachev YV, Knyazev MN. EPR Spectroscopy for Solution of Some Scientific Real-World Problems in Biology, Medicine and Ecology. In: Drapkin VZ, Krivchenko AI, Rozengart EV, Bogachev YV, Knyazev MN, editors. Derivative Spectrophotometry and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Spectroscopy for Ecological and Biological Questions. Vienna: Springer; 2013. p. 301–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. NASA Sent A Twin To Space To Study Nature Versus Nurture – And We’re Starting To Get Results. IFLScience. 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/nasa-sent-a-twin-to-space-to-study-nature-versus-nurture-and-were-starting-to-get-results/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Status Report: “National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Polderman MC. Textile Factories and Subsistence Plots: Rural Women’s Livelihoods and Unique Transition Experiences in Bulgaria. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stephens J. Secrets of the Metropolis. New York Times. 2017;:BR21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioscience and Medicine
ISSN (print)2161-2625
Scope

Other styles