How to format your references using the Journal of Bioscience and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Robinson CV. John Fenn (1917-2010). Nature. 2011;469:300.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Mesecar AD, Koshland DE Jr. A new model for protein stereospecificity. Nature. 2000;403:614–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pelupessy P, Rennella E, Bodenhausen G. High-resolution NMR in magnetic fields with unknown spatiotemporal variations. Science. 2009;324:1693–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Smith RR, Killelea DR, DelSesto DF, Utz AL. Preference for vibrational over translational energy in a gas-surface reaction. Science. 2004;304:992–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pines JM, Carpenter CR, Raja AS, Schuur JD. Evidence-Based Emergency Care. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Simon EE, editor. Hyponatremia: Evaluation and Treatment. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cristofolini L. Overview of Digital Image Correlation. In: Olmi G, Cristofolini L, editors. Experimental Stress Analysis for Materials and Structures: Stress Analysis Models for Developing Design Methodologies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 187–213.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Stop Whatever You’re Doing And Ask Siri To Divide Zero By Zero. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/sassier-side-siri/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Environmental Satellites: NOAA Needs to Ensure Its Timelines Are Accurate, Clear, and Fully Documented. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moyer AS. The A+ Schools Program and School Improvement. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Takes Up Global Warming Case. New York Times. 2006;:A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioscience and Medicine
ISSN (print)2161-2625
Scope

Other styles