How to format your references using the Journal of Bioscience and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tucker BE. Geophysics. Reducing earthquake risk. Science. 2013;341:1070–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rehren T, Pusch EB. Late Bronze Age glass production at Qantir-Piramesses, Egypt. Science. 2005;308:1756–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tsori Y, Tournilhac F, Leibler L. Demixing in simple fluids induced by electric field gradients. Nature. 2004;430:544–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Morley M, Molony CM, Weber TM, Devlin JL, Ewens KG, Spielman RS, et al. Genetic analysis of genome-wide variation in human gene expression. Nature. 2004;430:743–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Yin G. Clinical Trial Design: Bayesian and Frequentist Adaptive Methods. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Seeberger PH, Blume T, editors. New Avenues to Efficient Chemical Synthesis: Emerging Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Arai T, Harino H. Contamination by Organotin Compounds in Asia. In: Arai T, Harino H, Ohji M, Langston WJ, editors. Ecotoxicology of Antifouling Biocides. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2009. p. 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioscience and Medicine.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Missions To Study Atmosphere Of Venus And A “Failed Planet” Among New NASA Proposals. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/missions-study-atmosphere-venus-and-failed-planet-among-new-nasa-proposals/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Global Positioning System: A Comprehensive Assessment of Potential Options and Related Costs is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Curry M. Students’ perceptions of entrepreneurship at a historically black university in central Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. A County In Alabama Puts Off Bankruptcy. New York Times. 2011;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioscience and Medicine
ISSN (print)2161-2625
Scope

Other styles