How to format your references using the Journal of Biomolecular NMR citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomolecular NMR. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robel A (2015) Climate science: The long future of Antarctic melting. Nature 526:327–328
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang X, Zhao M (2014) Strain-induced phase transition and electron spin-polarization in graphene spirals. Sci Rep 4:5699
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji S, Kiyohara N, Higo T (2015) Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature 527:212–215
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu Y, Wang F, Liu L, et al (2013) Cheap glass fiber mats as a matrix of gel polymer electrolytes for lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep 3:3187

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kandel HG (2005) Verfahrenstechnische Methoden in der Wirkstoffherstellung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Dudoit S (2008) Multiple Testing Procedures with Applications to Genomics. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Tomovic C, Walton A, Ncube L, et al (2009) Measuring the Impact of Product Lifecycle Management: Process Plan, Waste Reduction and Innovations Conceptual Frameworks, and Logic Model for Developing Metrics. In: Tomovic M, Wang S (eds) Product Realization: A Comprehensive Approach. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 1–14

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomolecular NMR.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Orcas Tracked From Above. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Information Technology: Complete Cost Data Not Provided to OMB. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell JE (2009) Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) What Did Chekhov Know? Quite a Lot. New York Times AR24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robel 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Zhao 2014; Robel 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Zhao 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomolecular NMR
AbbreviationJ. Biomol. NMR
ISSN (print)0925-2738
ISSN (online)1573-5001

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