How to format your references using the Journal of Biomolecular NMR citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomolecular NMR. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith DJ (2006) Predictability and preparedness in influenza control. Science 312:392–394
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh H, Demarco IA (2010) Immunology. Double TIP-ping. Science 329:914–915
A journal article with 3 authors
Guiteras R, Levinsohn J, Mobarak AM (2015) Sanitation subsidies. Encouraging sanitation investment in the developing world: a cluster-randomized trial. Science 348:903–906
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kumatani A, Li Y, Darmawan P, et al (2013) On practical charge injection at the metal/organic semiconductor interface. Sci Rep 3:1026

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Swatton PJ (2010) Principles of Flight for Pilots. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Li Y, Silver EA, Li S (eds) (2014) Transforming Mathematics Instruction: Multiple Approaches and Practices. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Ustin SL, Riaño D, Koltunov A, et al (2009) Mapping Fire Risk in Mediterranean Ecosystems of California: Vegetation type, Density, Invasive Species, and Fire Frequency. In: Chuvieco E (ed) Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomolecular NMR.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) How The Giraffe Got Its Neck. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Computer Capacity: IRS Must Better Estimate Its Computer Resource Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kharal SP (2017) Modelling Sensitization Dynamics in 5xxx Series Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) When Politics Roils Market, Tuning Out May Pay Off. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2006; Singh and Demarco 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Demarco 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumatani et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomolecular NMR
AbbreviationJ. Biomol. NMR
ISSN (print)0925-2738
ISSN (online)1573-5001

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