How to format your references using the Advances in Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petrini, J. H. J.: Cell signaling. A touching response to damage, Science, 316(5828), 1138–1139, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N. and Tawfik, D. S.: Chaperonin overexpression promotes genetic variation and enzyme evolution, Nature, 459(7247), 668–673, 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Krauss, L. M., Dodelson, S. and Meyer, S.: Primordial gravitational waves and cosmology, Science, 328(5981), 989–992, 2010.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Barnett, T. P., Pierce, D. W., Achutarao, K. M., Gleckler, P. J., Santer, B. D., Gregory, J. M. and Washington, W. M.: Penetration of human-induced warming into the world’s oceans, Science, 309(5732), 284–287, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira, P. and Romo, J. A.: Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2012.
An edited book
Trobec, R., Vajteršic, M. and Zinterhof, P., Eds.: Parallel Computing: Numerics, Applications, and Trends, 1st ed., Springer, London., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, J., Liu, T. and Liu, Y.: FT-NIR and Confocal Microscope Raman Spectroscopic Studies of Sesame Oil Adulteration, in Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture V: 5th IFIP TC 5/SIG 5.1 Conference, CCTA 2011, Beijing, China, October 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, edited by D. Li and Y. Chen, pp. 24–31, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radio Science.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Hiker Stumbles Across Ancient Viking Sword, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Biotechnology Regulation, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, T.: A qualitative phenomenological study: Hiring nurses re-entering the workforce after chemical dependence, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L.: Scouting Report, New York Times, 2nd June, E4, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petrini, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Petrini, 2007; Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki and Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Barnett et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radio Science
AbbreviationAdv. Radio Sci.
ISSN (print)1684-9965
ISSN (online)1684-9973

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