How to format your references using the Advances in Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herrmann, W. A.: Obituary: Ernst Otto Fischer (1918-2007), Nature, 449, 156, 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, A. K. and Phelps, E. A.: Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events, Nature, 411, 305–309, 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarrazin, A. F., Peel, A. D., and Averof, M.: A segmentation clock with two-segment periodicity in insects, Science, 336, 338–341, 2012.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Norbury, C. C., Basta, S., Donohue, K. B., Tscharke, D. C., Princiotta, M. F., Berglund, P., Gibbs, J., Bennink, J. R., and Yewdell, J. W.: CD8+ T cell cross-priming via transfer of proteasome substrates, Science, 304, 1318–1321, 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scheringer, M.: Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2002.
An edited book
Talaba, D. and Amditis, A. (Eds.): Product Engineering: Tools and Methods Based on Virtual Reality, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XIV, 566 p pp., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Finnerty, A. N., Lepri, B., and Pianesi, F.: Acquisition of Personality, in: Emotions and Personality in Personalized Services: Models, Evaluation and Applications, edited by: Tkalčič, M., De Carolis, B., de Gemmis, M., Odić, A., and Košir, A., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 81–99, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radio Science.

Blog post
Camera Zoom Captures Insane Shot Of The Moon:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Pell Grants for Prison Inmates, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua, K. P.: Langue et identité dans les milieux populaires québécois et antillais, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times, 11th August, MM16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herrmann, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Herrmann, 2007; Anderson and Phelps, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Phelps, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Norbury et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radio Science
AbbreviationAdv. Radio Sci.
ISSN (print)1684-9965
ISSN (online)1684-9973

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