How to format your references using the Advances in Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, P.: PCR: replicating success, Nature, 435(7039), 235–238, 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
England, P. C. and Katz, R. F.: Melting above the anhydrous solidus controls the location of volcanic arcs, Nature, 467(7316), 700–703, 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christodoulides, D. N., Lederer, F. and Silberberg, Y.: Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices, Nature, 424(6950), 817–823, 2003.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Giocomo, L. M., Zilli, E. A., Fransén, E. and Hasselmo, M. E.: Temporal frequency of subthreshold oscillations scales with entorhinal grid cell field spacing, Science, 315(5819), 1719–1722, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hanzo, L. and Keller, T.: OFDM and MC-CDMA, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK., 2006.
An edited book
Hemert, J. van and Cotta, C., Eds.: Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Berghmans, F., Eve, S. and Held, M.: An Introduction to Reliability of Optical Components and Fiber Optic Sensors, in Optical Waveguide Sensing and Imaging, edited by W. J. Bock, I. Gannot, and S. Tanev, pp. 73–100, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radio Science.

Blog post
Hale, T.: “Earth As Art” Series Reveals The Beauty Of Our Planet, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Controls Over Funds Available to the District of Columbia Public Schools, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yalof, B.: Marshaling Resources: A Classic Grounded Theory Study of Online Learners, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ., 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hahamovitch, C.: The Lessons of Belle Glade, New York Times, 19th July, A25, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (England and Katz, 2010; Moore, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (England and Katz, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Giocomo et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radio Science
AbbreviationAdv. Radio Sci.
ISSN (print)1684-9965
ISSN (online)1684-9973

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