How to format your references using the Advances in Radio Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Radio Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amelino-Camelia, G.: No theory is too special to question, Nature, 483, 125, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gaidos, E. J. and Nimmo, F.: Tectonics and water on Europa, Nature, 405, 637, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blaha, G., Stanley, R. E., and Steitz, T. A.: Formation of the first peptide bond: the structure of EF-P bound to the 70S ribosome, Science, 325, 966–970, 2009.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Gottar, M., Gobert, V., Michel, T., Belvin, M., Duyk, G., Hoffmann, J. A., Ferrandon, D., and Royet, J.: The Drosophila immune response against Gram-negative bacteria is mediated by a peptidoglycan recognition protein, Nature, 416, 640–644, 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G.: Energy Security, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Wieringa, R. and Persson, A. (Eds.): Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality: 16th International Working Conference, REFSQ 2010, Essen, Germany, June 30–July 2, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 280 p. 62 illus pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Abedi, S., Arvani, A., and Jamalzadeh, R.: Cyber Security of Plug-in Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids: Application of Intrusion Detection Methods, in: Plug In Electric Vehicles in Smart Grids: Integration Techniques, edited by: Rajakaruna, S., Shahnia, F., and Ghosh, A., Springer, Singapore, 129–147, 2015.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Radio Science.

Blog post
How An Old Antidepressant Could Provide The Next Brain Cancer Breakthrough:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Need To Strengthen Management Control Over the Basic Research Program Administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daysal, N. M.: The effects of uninsurance on hospitals and patient health, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W.: New Jersey’s Pension Plan Is Said to Still Be in Trouble, New York Times, 14th December, A34, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amelino-Camelia, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Amelino-Camelia, 2012; Gaidos and Nimmo, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gaidos and Nimmo, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gottar et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Radio Science
AbbreviationAdv. Radio Sci.
ISSN (print)1684-9965
ISSN (online)1684-9973

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