How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Goldston, “Misspent energy,” Nature, vol. 447, no. 7141, p. 130, May 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Frank and R. W. Friedrich, “Neurobiology: Individuality sniffed out in flies,” Nature, vol. 526, no. 7572, pp. 200–201, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. P. Eggleton, D. S. P. Dearborn, and J. C. Lattanzio, “Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5805, pp. 1580–1583, Dec. 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. P. McGregor et al., “Morphological evolution through multiple cis-regulatory mutations at a single gene,” Nature, vol. 448, no. 7153, pp. 587–590, Aug. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Mang, K. Bobzin, and T. Bartels, Industrial Tribology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
M. Yang and S. Liu, Eds., Machine Translation: 12th China Workshop, CWMT 2016, Urumqi, China, August 25–26, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, vol. 668. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Talreja, “Analysis of Failure in Composite Structures,” in Failure and Damage Analysis of Advanced Materials, H. Altenbach and T. Sadowski, Eds. Vienna: Springer, 2015, pp. 255–278.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Most Dinosaurs Were Probably Scaly, Not Feathered,” IFLScience, Jun. 04, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airport Financing: Projects Eligible for Federal Support That May Go Unfunded,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-165R, Apr. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Smith, “Outsider leadership transitions: A phenomenological study of Army Reserve General Officers,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Clifford, “Manhattan Dentist Faces Drug and Child Pornography Charges,” New York Times, p. A16, Nov. 21, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Compon. Packaging Manuf. Technol.
ISSN (print)2156-3950
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Other styles