How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Marris, “First glimpse.,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7071, pp. 1064–1067, Dec. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. J. Heath and C. O. Rock, “A triclosan-resistant bacterial enzyme,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6792, pp. 145–146, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Schenk, I. Matsuyama, and F. Nimmo, “True polar wander on Europa from global-scale small-circle depressions,” Nature, vol. 453, no. 7193, pp. 368–371, May 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Zeng et al., “A dual-kinase mechanism for Wnt co-receptor phosphorylation and activation,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7069, pp. 873–877, Dec. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Peter and C. Scheer, Holzbau-Taschenbuch. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2015.
An edited book
H. Badioze Zaman et al., Eds., Visual Informatics: Sustaining Research and Innovations: Second International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2011, Selangor, Malaysia, November 9-11, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, vol. 7066. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Giannone, F. Monti, and L. Reichlin, “Incorporating Conjunctural Analysis in Structural Models,” in The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007, V. Wieland, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 41–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Mice with Malaria are More Attractive to Mosquitoes,” IFLScience, Jul. 02, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FAA Procurement: Major Data-Processing Project Is Now Ready to Proceed,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IMTEC-91-32, Apr. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. T. Ziegler, “The Impact of Strategic Planning Involvement on Employee Engagement in a Federal Public Health Agency,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Justices Uphold Lethal Injection In Kentucky Case,” New York Times, p. A1, Apr. 17, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Compon. Packaging Manuf. Technol.
ISSN (print)2156-3950
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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