How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Brien, K.: CLIMATE CHANGE. Political agency: The key to tackling climate change. Science. 350, 1170–1171 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer, E.M., Donohue, K.: Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science. 313, 924–925 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripati, A.K., Roberts, C.D., Eagle, R.A.: Coupling of CO2 and ice sheet stability over major climate transitions of the last 20 million years. Science. 326, 1394–1397 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Funao, T., Nishida, T., Kurashige, Y., Sawada, H.: Different suitability of improved irrigation channels as reproductive sites for Cyprininae and Silurus asotus. Sci. Rep. 4, 3588 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumann, W.: Dynamics of the Bacterial Chromosome. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2006)
An edited book
Neuber, A.A. ed: Explosively Driven Pulsed Power: Helical Magnetic Flux Compression Generators. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Nevalainen, R., Kimonen, E.: The Teacher as an Implementer of Curriculum Change. In: Kimonen, E. and Nevalainen, R. (eds.) Transforming Teachers’ Work Globally: In Search of a Better Way for Schools and Their Communities. pp. 111–147. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Should You Rely On First Instincts When Answering A Multiple Choice Exam?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: GAO Electronic Document Request Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J.J.: Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E.: NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: MARINE PARK -- UPDATE ; Mariners Are Still Riding High, (1997)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Physics
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0092-0606
ISSN (online)1573-0689
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles