How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rishbeth, H.: High above the Earth. Nature. 418, 23 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerst, A., Savage, M.K.: Seismic anisotropy beneath Ruapehu volcano: a possible eruption forecasting tool. Science. 306, 1543–1547 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Våge, S., Storesund, J.E., Thingstad, T.F.: SAR11 viruses and defensive host strains. Nature. 499, E3-4 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hofmann, D.C., Suh, J.-Y., Wiest, A., Duan, G., Lind, M.-L., Demetriou, M.D., Johnson, W.L.: Designing metallic glass matrix composites with high toughness and tensile ductility. Nature. 451, 1085–1089 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, D.J.: Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK (2006)
An edited book
B. Gibilisco, M.: Fuzzy Social Choice Theory. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Jakhu, R.S., Pelton, J.N.: Licensing, Registration, and Frequency Use Regulation. In: Pelton, J.N. (ed.) Small Satellites and Their Regulation. pp. 49–59. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Mysterious Traces Of Radioactive Iodine Detected Over Europe,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Metropolitan Area Acquisition (MAA) Implementation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mbwiri, F.I.: Remedial Math Instruction Intervention: Efficacy of Constructivist Practices on Alternative Students with Disabilities Mathematics Achievement, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: Puerto Rico Senate Votes to Halt Payments on $72 Billion Debt, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Physics
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0092-0606
ISSN (online)1573-0689
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles