How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sakurai, M.: Perspective: Herbal dangers. Nature. 480, S97 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D.L., King, S.D.: Geology. Driving the Earth machine? Science. 346, 1184–1185 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth, A.J., Hofmann, T., Giessibl, F.J.: Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy. Science. 343, 1120–1122 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grebmeier, J.M., Overland, J.E., Moore, S.E., Farley, E.V., Carmack, E.C., Cooper, L.W., Frey, K.E., Helle, J.H., McLaughlin, F.A., McNutt, S.L.: A major ecosystem shift in the northern Bering Sea. Science. 311, 1461–1464 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hetherington, S.: How to Know. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2011)
An edited book
Hannemann, K., Seiler, F. eds: Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 1. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J., Jeong, H., Loy, M.M.T., Du, S.: Observation of Optical Precursors in Cold Atoms. In: Jeong, H., Loy, M., and Du, S. (eds.) Optical Precursors: From Classical Waves to Single Photons. pp. 45–64. Springer, Singapore (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Physics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: 13 New Pulsars Discovered Thanks To Citizen Science Project,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Bureau of Indian Education: Improving Interior’s Assistance Would Aid Tribal Groups Developing Academic Accountability Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R.D.: Designing an autonomous helicopter testbed: From conception through implementation, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Future Is Now for Mets Prospect Rosario, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Physics
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0092-0606
ISSN (online)1573-0689
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles