How to format your references using the Journal of Biological Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biological Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer, M.N.: Misjudgements will drive social trials underground. Nature. 511, 265 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavier, L.L., Manatschal, G.: A mechanism to thin the continental lithosphere at magma-poor margins. Nature. 440, 324–328 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala, A.D.S., Spitzer, M.W., Takahashi, T.T.: Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature. 424, 771–774 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beisel, C., Imhof, A., Greene, J., Kremmer, E., Sauer, F.: Histone methylation by the Drosophila epigenetic transcriptional regulator Ash1. Nature. 419, 857–862 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bech, S., Zacharov, N.: Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Hofmeister, C., Crnkovic, I., Reussner, R. eds: Quality of Software Architectures: Second International Conference on Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2006, Västerås, Sweden, June 27-29, 2006 Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)
A chapter in an edited book
Baust, J.M., Corwin, W.L., VanBuskirk, R., Baust, J.G.: Biobanking: The Future of Cell Preservation Strategies. In: Karimi-Busheri, F. (ed.) Biobanking in the 21st Century. pp. 37–53. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biological Physics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Fix fractured bones with silk screws


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ferris, R.J.: Numerical investigations of flow past a partially rotating stepped cylinder, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J.: Feeling Cornered, Coal Industry Borrows From Big Tobacco’s Playbook, Activists Say, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biological Physics
AbbreviationJ. Biol. Phys.
ISSN (print)0092-0606
ISSN (online)1573-0689
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles