How to format your references using the eNeuro citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eNeuro. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bartels-Rausch T (2013) Chemistry: Ten things we need to know about ice and snow. Nature 494:27–29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Veigel C, Schmidt CF (2009) Biochemistry. Friction in motor proteins. Science 325:826–827.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jönsson TJ, Johnson LC, Lowther WT (2008) Structure of the sulphiredoxin-peroxiredoxin complex reveals an essential repair embrace. Nature 451:98–101.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pierce-Shimomura JT, Faumont S, Gaston MR, Pearson BJ, Lockery SR (2001) The homeobox gene lim-6 is required for distinct chemosensory representations in C. elegans. Nature 410:694–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M (2016) Phase Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cuevas E (2016) Applications of Evolutionary Computation in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Intelligent Systems Reference Library. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu M, Martínez S (2015) Distributed Resilient Formation Control In: Distributed Optimization-Based Control of Multi-Agent Networks in Complex Environments, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering (Martínez S ed), pp91–118. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eNeuro.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Is What Supercontinent Pangea Looks Like Mapped With Modern Borders [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Information Reported by Federal Organizations on the Purpose, Duration, and Cost Associated With Cable Television (No. CED-76-149). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frey EF (2008) Technology diffusion and environmental regulation: Evidence from electric power plants under the Clean Air Act (Doctoral dissertation). Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2003) World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Tracking Foreigners. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bartels-Rausch, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bartels-Rausch, 2013; Veigel and Schmidt, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Veigel and Schmidt, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Pierce-Shimomura et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleeNeuro
ISSN (online)2373-2822

Other styles