How to format your references using the eNeuro citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eNeuro. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang R (2010) Atmospheric science. Getting to the critical nucleus of aerosol formation. Science 328:1366–1367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kohno M, Koizumi Y (2000) Tokaimura accident. Neutron dose estimates from 5-yen coins. Nature 406:693.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tewksbury JJ, Huey RB, Deutsch CA (2008) Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science 320:1296–1297.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seidenbecher T, Laxmi TR, Stork O, Pape H-C (2003) Amygdalar and hippocampal theta rhythm synchronization during fear memory retrieval. Science 301:846–850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai T (2010) Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cheng S-M, Day M-Y (Eds.) (2014) Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence: 19th International Conference, TAAI 2014, Taipei, Taiwan, November 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Celikyilmaz A, Türksen IB (2009) Fuzzy Functions Approach In: Modeling Uncertainty with Fuzzy Logic: With Recent Theory and Applications, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing (Türksen IB ed), pp105–147. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eNeuro.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dispersants Sprayed In Wake Of Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill More Toxic Than Oil Alone [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services (No. T-RCED-90-89). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boos AL (2015) The post-abortion experience: A content analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich N (2012) Forever and Ever. New York Times MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kohno and Koizumi, 2000; Zhang, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kohno and Koizumi, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Seidenbecher et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleeNeuro
ISSN (online)2373-2822

Other styles