How to format your references using the Journal of Biogeography citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biogeography. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2000). CERN considers chasing up hints of Higgs boson. European Laboratory for Particle Physics. Nature, 407(6800), 8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sabatini, B. L., & Svoboda, K. (2000). Analysis of calcium channels in single spines using optical fluctuation analysis. Nature, 408(6812), 589–593.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammerman, A. J., Pinhasi, R., & Bánffy, E. (2006). Comment on “Ancient DNA from the first European farmers in 7500-year-old Neolithic sites.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5782), 1875; author reply 1875.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cao, A., Dickrell, P. L., Sawyer, W. G., Ghasemi-Nejhad, M. N., & Ajayan, P. M. (2005). Super-compressible foamlike carbon nanotube films. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5752), 1307–1310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kromidas, S. (2014). Der HPLC-Experte. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Cristini, C. (2009). Sentire e pensare: Emozioni e apprendimento fra mente e cervello. (A. Ghilardi, Ed.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Jung, J., & Kim, D. (2010). Wireless Network of Collaborative Physiological Signal Devices in a U-Healthcare System. In G. S. Tomar, R.-S. Chang, O. Gervasi, T.-H. Kim, & S. K. Bandyopadhyay (Eds.), Advanced Computer Science and Information Technology: Second International Conference, AST 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 39–55). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biogeography.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 19). First Working Eggs Made From Stem Cells Points To Fertility Breakthrough. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). ADP Acquisitions: Lessons Learned From SEC’s Edgar Pilot Test (No. IMTEC-87-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anyaoha, A. L. (2013). Surgical time-out: A nursing team training approach (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L. (2012, March 11). John Blair, Beto Sutter. New York Times, p. ST18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2000; Sabatini & Svoboda, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sabatini & Svoboda, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Ammerman, Pinhasi, & Bánffy, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cao, Dickrell, Sawyer, Ghasemi-Nejhad, & Ajayan, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biogeography
AbbreviationJ. Biogeogr.
ISSN (print)0305-0270
ISSN (online)1365-2699
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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