How to format your references using the Injury Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Lake JA. Evidence for an early prokaryotic endosymbiosis. Nature 2009;460:967–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Weiss RB, Atkins JF. Molecular biology. Translation goes global. Science 2011;334:1509–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Paraschiv-Ionescu A, Buchser E, Aminian K. Unraveling dynamics of human physical activity patterns in chronic pain conditions. Sci Rep 2013;3:2019.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Wang W, Du Y, Xu G, et al. Large linear magnetoresistance and Shubnikov-de Hass oscillations in single crystals of YPdBi Heusler topological insulators. Sci Rep 2013;3:2181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Danson E. Drawing the Line. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc 2016.
An edited book
1
Coff C, Barling D, Korthals M, et al., editors. Ethical Traceability and Communicating Food. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Audeh B, Beaune P, Beigbeder M. Recall-Oriented Evaluation for Information Retrieval Systems. In: Lupu M, Kanoulas E, Loizides F, eds. Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 6th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2013, Limassol, Cyprus, October 7-9, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013. 29–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury Prevention.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. The Strange History and Future of Chlamydia Vaccines. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/strange-history-and-future-chlamydia-vaccines/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Airline Deregulation: Barriers to Entry Continue to Limit Competition in Several Key Domestic Markets. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Hansell L. Perceptions of Supervisor Ethical Behavior by Psychology Interns. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Feeney K. If It’s on a Bun, It’s a Burger. New York Times. 2009;:NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury Prevention
AbbreviationInj. Prev.
ISSN (print)1353-8047
ISSN (online)1475-5785
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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