How to format your references using the Injury Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Injury Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Emanuel K. Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 2005;436:686–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Guydosh NR, Block SM. Direct observation of the binding state of the kinesin head to the microtubule. Nature 2009;461:125–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
LaDeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP. West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature 2007;447:710–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Kruhlak M, Crouch EE, Orlov M, et al. The ATM repair pathway inhibits RNA polymerase I transcription in response to chromosome breaks. Nature 2007;447:730–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kääriäinen T, Cameron D, Kääriäinen M-L, et al. Atomic Layer Deposition. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Cardaliaguet P, Cressman R, editors. Advances in Dynamic Games: Theory, Applications, and Numerical Methods for Differential and Stochastic Games. Boston, MA: : Birkhäuser 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Montobbio F, Sterzi V. Inventing Together: Exploring the Nature of International Knowledge Spillovers in Latin America. In: Pyka A, Derengowski Fonseca M da G, eds. Catching Up, Spillovers and Innovation Networks in a Schumpeterian Perspective. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2011. 81–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Injury Prevention.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. The 12 Most Controversial Facts In Mathematics. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-12-most-controversial-facts-in-mathematics/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: IRS Award to MITRE Corporation Violated the Competition in Contracting Act. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Grannis KS. Secular spiritual quests in modern American novels, 1922–1960. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Gustines GG. TV’s Go-To Guy For Playing Truth or Dare. New York Times. 2011;:AR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInjury Prevention
AbbreviationInj. Prev.
ISSN (print)1353-8047
ISSN (online)1475-5785
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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