How to format your references using the Mammal Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tranvik L (2014) Biogeochemistry. Carbon cycling in the Arctic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang MH, vom Saal FS (2000) Maternal age and traits in offspring. Nature 407: 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duijn PAC, Kashirin V, Sloot PMA (2014) The relative ineffectiveness of criminal network disruption. Scientific reports 4: 4238.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Lindquist NC, Johnson TW, Nagpal P, Norris DJ, Oh S-H (2013) Plasmonic nanofocusing with a metallic pyramid and an integrated C-shaped aperture. Scientific reports 3: 1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kroupa VF (2005) Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bomarius F, Komi-Sirviö S (eds) (2005) Product Focused Software Process Improvement: 6th International Conference, PROFES 2005, Oulu, Finland, June 13-15, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cazaux B, Sacomoto G, Rivals E (2016) Superstring Graph: A New Approach for Genome Assembly. In: Dondi R, Fertin G, Mauri G (eds) Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 11th International Conference, AAIM 2016, Bergamo, Italy, July 18-20, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 39–52. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) BREAKING: Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo Crashes In Mojave Desert. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Expenditures for Consulting Services Under Two Federally Funded Education Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douville S (2014) The lived experience of being a European wife to a U.S. Marine: A heuristic study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W (2014) A Hammer Comes Down on an Honor for Britain. New York Times: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tranvik 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wang & vom Saal 2000, Tranvik 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & vom Saal 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindquist et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Review
AbbreviationMamm. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-1838
ISSN (online)1365-2907
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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