How to format your references using the Mammal Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Banin A (2005) Planetary science. The enigma of the martian soil. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 888–890.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shinar G, Feinberg M (2010) Structural sources of robustness in biochemical reaction networks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 327: 1389–1391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irigoien X, Huisman J, Harris RP (2004) Global biodiversity patterns of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton. Nature 429: 863–867.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Paria BC, Reese J, Das SK, Dey SK (2002) Deciphering the cross-talk of implantation: advances and challenges. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 2185–2188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M (2016) Ionic and Electrochemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ghatak KP (2014) Debye Screening Length: Effects of Nanostructured Materials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Estrin Y, Rabkin E, Hellmig RJ, Kazakevich M, Zi A (2006) New Applications of the SPD Concept: μSPD. In: Zhu YT, Varyukhin V (eds) Nanostructured Materials by High-Pressure Severe Plastic Deformation, NATO Science Series, 39–46. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Review.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) Here’s How The World’s Surface Water Has Shifted In The Last 30 Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Army Training: Improvements Are Needed in 5-Ton Truck Driver Training and Supervision. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mack DL (2017) The Cost of Credit: Protecting Consumers in a Regulated Fringe Credit Market.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eder S, Protess B (2017) Snarl of Foreign Ties Arises in Trump Hotel Deal. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Banin 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Banin 2005, Shinar & Feinberg 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shinar & Feinberg 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Paria et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Review
AbbreviationMamm. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-1838
ISSN (online)1365-2907
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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