How to format your references using the Mammal Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keller R (2002) Shaping the vertebrate body plan by polarized embryonic cell movements. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1950–1954.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeConto RM, Pollard D (2003) Rapid Cenozoic glaciation of Antarctica induced by declining atmospheric CO2. Nature 421: 245–249.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin-Lluesma S, Stucke VM, Nigg EA (2002) Role of Hec1 in spindle checkpoint signaling and kinetochore recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 2267–2270.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Blinov BB, Moehring DL, Duan L-M, Monroe C (2004) Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon. Nature 428: 153–157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs PG, Attwood TK (2004) Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA.
An edited book
Gontero P, Kirby RS, Carson CC III (eds) (2013) Problem Based Urology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Härdle WK, Simar L (2015) Theory of the Multinormal. In: Simar L (ed) Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis, 183–199. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Study Finds No Long-Term Effects Of Violent Video Games On Empathy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Aviation Research: Airport Cooperative Research Program Addresses Many Needs but Could Enhance Transparency and Clarify Scope of Research Role. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon CA (2017) Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E (1993) PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times: 1317.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keller 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Keller 2002, DeConto & Pollard 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeConto & Pollard 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Blinov et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Review
AbbreviationMamm. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-1838
ISSN (online)1365-2907
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

Other styles