How to format your references using the Mammal Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mammal Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsiganis K (2015) Planetary science: How the Solar System didn’t form. Nature 528: 202–204.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Grady M, O’Hare G (2012) Computer science. How smart is your city? Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 1581–1582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bino A, Ardon M, Shirman E (2005) Formation of a carbon-carbon triple bond by coupling reactions in aqueous solution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 234–235.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Feng G-R, Lu Y, Hao L, Zhang F-H, Long G-L (2013) Experimental simulation of quantum tunneling in small systems. Scientific reports 3: 2232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden BJ (2010) Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Luna-Elizarrarás ME (2015) Bicomplex Holomorphic Functions: The Algebra, Geometry and Analysis of Bicomplex Numbers. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou C, Feng X, Lin D (2011) The Initialization Stage Analysis of ZUC v1.5. In: Lin D, Tsudik G, Wang X (eds) Cryptology and Network Security: 10th International Conference, CANS 2011, Sanya, China, December 10-12, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 40–53. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mammal Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Are False Memories? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Comments on Loan Guarantee Provisions of H.R. 13350, the 1977 Authorization Bill for the Energy Research and Development Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May LA (2009) Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J (2017) May Offers a Plan for Europeans to Stay in Britain After Brexit. New York Times: A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsiganis 2015).
This sentence cites two references (O’Grady & O’Hare 2012, Tsiganis 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Grady & O’Hare 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMammal Review
AbbreviationMamm. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-1838
ISSN (online)1365-2907
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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