How to format your references using the Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson J (2001) Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly? Science 293:1059–1060
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang C, Srinivasan SG (2013) Unexpected strain-stiffening in crystalline solids. Nature 496:339–342
A journal article with 3 authors
Sekiguchi A, Kinjo R, Ichinohe M (2004) A stable compound containing a silicon-silicon triple bond. Science 305:1755–1757
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang H, Liu S, Yuan W, et al (2014) Inclusion of soil carbon lateral movement alters terrestrial carbon budget in China. Sci Rep 4:7247

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Passarelli D (2012) Trading Options Greeks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Decker T, Müller M (eds) (2012) Jak-Stat Signaling : From Basics to Disease. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Basford KE (2014) Beyond the Statistical Fringe. In: MacGillivray H, Phillips B, Martin MA (eds) Topics from Australian Conferences on Teaching Statistics: OZCOTS 2008-2012. Springer, New York, NY, pp 59–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) How Do Cats Always Manage To Land On Their Feet? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) NASA: Implementing a Knowledge-Based Acquisition Framework Could Lead to Better Investment Decisions and Project Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collette JC (2017) Validation of the tgFgfr1-EGFP Mouse Line as a Tool to Study Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 Cellular Localization and Expression After Experimental Manipulations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nelson 2001; Jiang and Srinivasan 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and Srinivasan 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
AbbreviationJ. Bioenerg. Biomembr.
ISSN (print)0145-479X
ISSN (online)1573-6881
ScopeCell Biology

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