How to format your references using the Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang X (2008) The epigenetic landscape of plants. Science 320:489–492
A journal article with 2 authors
Kostarelos K, Novoselov KS (2014) Materials science. Exploring the interface of graphene and biology. Science 344:261–263
A journal article with 3 authors
Li WKW, Harrison WG, Head EJH (2006) Coherent sign switching in multiyear trends of microbial plankton. Science 311:1157–1160
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Riebesell U, Zondervan I, Rost B, et al (2000) Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature 407:364–367

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Homer S, Leibowitz ML (2013) Inside the Yield Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Fadare O (ed) (2016) Precancerous Lesions of the Gynecologic Tract: Diagnostic and Molecular Genetic Pathology, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dufourcq A (2016) Bachelard and Merleau-Ponty: Is a Cosmic Flesh of the World Feigned or Disclosed by Imagination? In: Tymieniecka A-T, Trutty-Coohill P (eds) The Cosmos and the Creative Imagination. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Watching This Video Will Crash Your iPhone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Department of Education: Information Needs Are at the Core of Management Challenges Facing the Department. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel SI (2010) Imaging frontal and medial temporal lobe interaction during memory retrieval and disentangling the effects of the default network. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) A.I.G. Tells Shareholders Stock Sale Still Planned. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang 2008; Kostarelos and Novoselov 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kostarelos and Novoselov 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Riebesell et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
AbbreviationJ. Bioenerg. Biomembr.
ISSN (print)0145-479X
ISSN (online)1573-6881
ScopeCell Biology

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