How to format your references using the Journal of Science Teacher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Science Teacher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2002). Cell biology gets plugged in. Nature, 417(6892), 6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bucchi, M., & Neresini, F. (2004). Biotechnology. Why are people hostile to biotechnologies? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5678), 1749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakatsuji, S., Kiyohara, N., & Higo, T. (2015). Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature, 527(7577), 212–215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Curé, C., Antunes, R., Alves, A. C., Visser, F., Kvadsheim, P. H., & Miller, P. J. O. (2013). Responses of male sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) to killer whale sounds: implications for anti-predator strategies. Scientific reports, 3, 1579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker, A. (2013). Solar Energy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gebhart, G. F., & Schmidt, R. F. (Eds.). (2013). Encyclopedia of Pain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Larco, N., Kelsey, K., & West, A. (2014). Project Checklist. In K. Kelsey & A. West (Eds.), Site Design for Multifamily Housing: Creating Livable, Connected Neighborhoods (pp. 87–89). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Science Teacher Education.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 21). Why Zebra Refused To Be Saddled With Domesticity. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Potential Problems That Should Be Considered in Evaluating the Experimental Technology Incentives Program (No. PSAD-77-132). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romanek, J. L. (2009). The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, November 10). Aim That Kick Just to the Left of Those Flutists. New York Times, p. SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bucchi and Neresini 2004; Gershon 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bucchi and Neresini 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Curé et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Science Teacher Education
ISSN (print)1046-560X
ISSN (online)1573-1847

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