How to format your references using the International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thiemens MH. Atmospheric science. The mass-independent ozone isotope effect. Science. 2001;293(5528):226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsuda N, Tanaka K. Cell biology: Tagged tags engage disposal. Nature. 2015;524(7565):294-295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul M, Puchtel IS, Walker RJ. Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature. 2015;520(7548):530-533.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gange AC, Gange EG, Sparks TH, Boddy L. Rapid and recent changes in fungal fruiting patterns. Science. 2007;316(5821):71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinn JF. Dementia. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Okay O, ed. Polymeric Cryogels: Macroporous Gels with Remarkable Properties. Vol 263. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Jorgensen TJ, Qin H-D, Shugart YY. From Family Study to Population Study: A History of Genetic Mapping for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC). In: Shugart YY, ed. Applied Computational Genomics. Translational Bioinformatics. Springer Netherlands; 2012:35-60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Shrimp Farming Wreaked Havoc On Sri Lanka’s Coasts. IFLScience. Published July 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ICBM Modernization: Rail Garrison Production Decision and Launch Car Acquisition Should Be Delayed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lintott RW. The manipulation of time perception in John Adams’s “Doctor Atomic.” Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J. Grandmaster Flash Beats Back Time. New York Times. August 26, 2016:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science
ISSN (print)0976-1209

Other styles