How to format your references using the International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narasimha R. Sines in terse verse. Nature. 2001;414(6866):851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprent J, Tough DF. T cell death and memory. Science. 2001;293(5528):245-248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller CJ, Nichol RC, Batuski DJ. Acoustic oscillations in the early universe and today. Science. 2001;292(5525):2302-2303.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pelejero C, Calvo E, McCulloch MT, et al. Preindustrial to modern interdecadal variability in coral reef pH. Science. 2005;309(5744):2204-2207.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sabol S. Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Zhang J, He J-H, Fu Y, eds. Computational and Information Science: First International Symposium, CIS 2004, Shanghai, China, December 16-18, 2004. Proceedings. Vol 3314. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Ji Y, Qu Z, Li W, Xu C, Zhu X. Study on the Screening for Chloronitrobenzene: Degrading Bacteria and Degradation of Chloronitrobenzene. In: Zhu E, Sambath S, eds. Information Technology and Agricultural Engineering. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. Springer; 2012:23-29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Ultrafast Camera Caught Light Doing A “Sonic Boom.” IFLScience. Published January 20, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Electronic Surveillance. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhokar A. LabVIEW based simulation and animation for the vibration control of active mass damper. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. On the West Side, Who Will Pay to Make Room for Green? New York Times. December 3, 2000:1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science
ISSN (print)0976-1209

Other styles