How to format your references using the International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene M. The demise of the lone author. Nature. 2007;450(7173):1165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones AG, Ferguson IJ. The electric Moho. Nature. 2001;409(6818):331-333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins JF, McIntyre K, Schrag DP. The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science. 2002;298(5599):1769-1773.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tobin VA, Hashimoto H, Wacker DW, et al. An intrinsic vasopressin system in the olfactory bulb is involved in social recognition. Nature. 2010;464(7287):413-417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles J, Smith A, Begg R, Buček M, Roukova P, Pástor R. Articulations of Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Mathis G, ed. Chest Sonography. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Rines HW, Molnar SJ, Tinker NA, Phillips RL. Oat. In: Kole C, ed. Cereals and Millets. Genome Mapping and Molecular Breeding in Plants. Springer; 2006:211-242.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Here’s What Dogs See When They Watch Television. IFLScience. Published September 8, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: Automated Commercial Environment Progressing, but Further Acquisition Management Improvements Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford V. Mary’s Mandala Story: Images of Chaos in Mandala Psychology. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Take Up On-Air Vulgarity Again. New York Times. March 18, 2008:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science
ISSN (print)0976-1209

Other styles