How to format your references using the International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. Resources: Mine, all mine! Nature. 2013;495(7440):S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law KS, Stohl A. Arctic air pollution: origins and impacts. Science. 2007;315(5818):1537-1540.
A journal article with 3 authors
Max CE, Canalizo G, de Vries WH. Locating the two black holes in NGC 6240. Science. 2007;316(5833):1877-1880.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suh GSB, Wong AM, Hergarden AC, et al. A single population of olfactory sensory neurons mediates an innate avoidance behaviour in Drosophila. Nature. 2004;431(7010):854-859.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pratt TH. Electrostatic Ignitions of Fires and Explosions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Crines AS. The Political Rhetoric and Oratory of Margaret Thatcher. (Heppell T, Dorey P, eds.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bearden CE, Winkler A, Karlsgodt KH, Bilder R. Cognitive Phenotypes and Endophenotypes: Concepts and Criteria. In: Jagaroo V, Santangelo SL, eds. Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the “OMICS” Era. Innovations in Cognitive Neuroscience. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2016:61-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science.

Blog post
Andrews R. China And Japan Are Harvesting “Combustible Ice” From The Seafloor. IFLScience. Published May 19, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Charter Schools: New Model for Public Schools Provides Opportunities and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dilenschneider AM. Refusing to be put aside: Women and the meaning of betrayal. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Spotify Is Growing. So Are Its Losses. New York Times. June 15, 2017:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Chemical and Analytical Science
ISSN (print)0976-1209

Other styles