How to format your references using the Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mahadevan MS (2010) Genetics. Exposing a DUX tale. Science 329:1607–1608
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoppler S, Wheeler GN (2015) DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. It’s about time for neural crest. Science 348:1316–1317
A journal article with 3 authors
James A, Pitchford JW, Plank MJ (2012) Disentangling nestedness from models of ecological complexity. Nature 487:227–230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Basu S, Gerchman Y, Collins CH, et al (2005) A synthetic multicellular system for programmed pattern formation. Nature 434:1130–1134

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh S, Zomaya AY, Olariu S, Sanugi B (2005) Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Masys AJ (2016) Applications of Systems Thinking and Soft Operations Research in Managing Complexity: From Problem Framing to Problem Solving, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kota CR, Chaitanya K (2015) Noval Asynchronous Addition Architectures for Portable Applications. In: Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N (eds) Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 41–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Can Great Apes Read Your Mind? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Observations on the National School Lunch Program’s Assessment, Improvement, and Monitoring System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koval BC (2016) Undergraduate Students in Paraprofessional Roles and their Use of Online Social Networks. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Circle of Hell: the Staff Meeting. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion
ISSN (print)2198-4220
ISSN (online)2198-4239

Other styles