How to format your references using the Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xie Y (2014) Sociology of science. “Undemocracy”: inequalities in science. Science 344:809–810
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou S, Bongiorno A (2013) Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci Rep 3:2484
A journal article with 3 authors
Uraguchi D, Ueki Y, Ooi T (2009) Chiral organic ion pair catalysts assembled through a hydrogen-bonding network. Science 326:120–123
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ono T, Kumamoto A, Nakagawa H, et al (2009) Lunar radar sounder observations of subsurface layers under the nearside maria of the Moon. Science 323:909–912

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coombs WT, Holladay SJ (2011) Managing Corporate Social Responsibility. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Adler DG (2016) Advanced Pancreaticobiliary Endoscopy. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Koranyi A (2011) Holomorphic and Harmonic Functions on Bounded Symmetric Domains. In: Vesentini E (ed) Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 125–197

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Can Money Buy You Happiness? It’s Complicated. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Freight Railroads: Electronic Supplement on Rates and Other Industry Trends, 1985-2005 (GAO-07-292SP), an E-supplement to GAO-07-291R. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diggs BJ (2017) African American Online Doctor of Management Students’ Perceptions of Dissertation Writing and Support: Narrative Inquiry. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard TS (2017) Prosecutors Open Criminal Investigation Into Sweeping Equifax Data Breach. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion
ISSN (print)2198-4220
ISSN (online)2198-4239

Other styles