How to format your references using the Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butt H-J (2011) Materials science. Controlling the flow of suspensions. Science 331:868–869
A journal article with 2 authors
Duan H, Sun C (2014) Swarm intelligence inspired shills and the evolution of cooperation. Sci Rep 4:5210
A journal article with 3 authors
Jung H, Green HW II, Dobrzhinetskaya LF (2004) Intermediate-depth earthquake faulting by dehydration embrittlement with negative volume change. Nature 428:545–549
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang Y, Zhang D, Renner SS, Chen Z (2004) Botany: a new self-pollination mechanism. Nature 431:39–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Halstead P (2014) Two Oxen Ahead. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hellmann K, Rhomberg W (2011) Razoxane and Dexrazoxane - Two Multifunctional Agents: Experimental and Clinical Results. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Dator JA, Sweeney JA, Yee AM (2015) Alternative Futures at the Mānoa School. In: Sweeney JA, Yee AM (eds) Mutative Media: Communication Technologies and Power Relations in the Past, Present, and Futures. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 133–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) SpaceX Might Perform A Daring Landing Of Its Massive New Rocket Later This Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Career and Technical Education: States Have Broad Flexibility in Implementing Perkins IV. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denny HM (2012) Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J (2017) Glimpses of Vanishing Harlem. New York Times MB7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Bio- and Tribo-Corrosion
ISSN (print)2198-4220
ISSN (online)2198-4239

Other styles