How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claeys, M 2010 Comment on ‘Unexpected epoxide formation in the gas-phase photooxidation of isoprene’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5966): 644; author reply 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Isaksen, I S A and Dalsøren, S B 2011 Atmospheric science. Getting a better estimate of an atmospheric radical, Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013): 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walker, J J, Spear, J R and Pace, N R 2005 Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment, Nature, 434(7036): 1011–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Horiuchi, S, Okimoto, Y, Kumai, R and Tokura, Y 2003 Quantum phase transition in organic charge-transfer complexes, Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5604): 229–232.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lednicer, D 2015 Antineoplastic Drugs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Malcangio, M ed. 2009 Synaptic Plasticity in Pain. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Biswas, P and Langdon, P 2015 Inclusive User Modeling and Simulation. In: Biswas, P., Duarte, C., Langdon, P., and Almeida, L. (eds.) A Multimodal End-2-End Approach to Accessible Computing. Human–Computer Interaction Series. London: Springer. pp. 91–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Davis, J 2016 Breakthrough In Understanding Of How Brain Cancers Grow Could Lead To New Therapies. IFLScience, 5 July 2016. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2001 Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges, and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wulfsberg, J C 2015 Singing Turkish, performing Turkishness: Message and audience in the song competition of the International Turkish Olympiad. Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M M 2017 3 CNN Journalists Quit After Story Is Pulled. New York Times, 27 June, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claeys 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Claeys 2010; Isaksen and Dalsøren 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Isaksen and Dalsøren 2011)
  • Three authors: (Walker, Spear and Pace 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Horiuchi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

Other styles