How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke, P R 2005 Cell biology. A gradient signal orchestrates the mitotic spindle, Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739): 1334–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinle, A and Cerwenka, A 2015 Immunology. MULT1plying cancer immunity, Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230): 45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu, Z-X, Lan, H and Ji, W 2014 Role of the dispersion force in modeling the interfacial properties of molecule-metal interfaces: adsorption of thiophene on copper surfaces, Scientific reports, 4: 5036.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Indovina, I, Maffei, V, Bosco, G, Zago, M, Macaluso, E and Lacquaniti, F 2005 Representation of visual gravitational motion in the human vestibular cortex, Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5720): 416–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton, A, Mengersen, K, Whitby, M and Playford, G 2013 Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Burkhardt, C E 2006 Topics in Atomic Physics. Leventhal, J.J. (ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eddie Ng, Y K and Liu, N 2007 A Development of Novel Integral Method for Prediction of Distorted Inlet Flow Propagation in Axial Compressor. In: Liu, N. (ed.) Compressor Instability with Integral Methods. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 77–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2015 Quantum Computer Makes Finding New Physics More Difficult. IFLScience, 29 January 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 GAO’s Views on SDIO’s Phase I Cost Estimate.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daly, K M 2008 Cinema 3.0: How digital and computer technologies are changing cinema. Doctoral dissertation. New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J 2016 Before Taking Shows to Audiences, Networks Try to Win Over Critics. New York Times, 8 August, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Clarke 2005; Steinle and Cerwenka 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinle and Cerwenka 2015)
  • Three authors: (Hu, Lan and Ji 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Indovina et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

Other styles