How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk, J. 2006 Astronomy. A journey through time. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5789): 925–926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Au, WWL and Benoit-Bird, KJ. 2003 Automatic gain control in the echolocation system of dolphins. Nature 423(6942): 861–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta, EKH, Legron-Rodriguez, T and Bowdon, MA. 2013 IBI* series winner. An inquiry into the water around us. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6149): 971–972.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsiung, F, Ramirez-Weber, F-A, Iwaki, DD and Kornberg, TB. 2005 Dependence of Drosophila wing imaginal disc cytonemes on Decapentaplegic. Nature 437(7058): 560–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Port, M and Samuels, M. 2009. The Think Big Manifesto. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Thakur, MK and Rattan, SIS (eds.). 2012. Brain Aging and Therapeutic Interventions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Doshi, AB, Liu, JHK and Weinreb, RN. 2010 Glaucoma is a 24/7 Disease. In:. Schacknow, PN and Samples, JR (eds.). The Glaucoma Book: A Practical, Evidence-Based Approach to Patient Care. New York, NY: Springer. pp. 55–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. Mystery Of Saturn’s Weird Hexagon May Have Been Solved. IFLScience, 23 September 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992 Department of Education: The Eisenhower Math and Science State Grant Program.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bravo, J. 2009. Project Share: Implementing an aftercare program for recovering adolescents: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, JC, Jr. 2017 Rikers Guards Accused of Turning a Blind Eye to, or Even Enabling, Sex Assaults.. New York Times 22 September, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Silk 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Au and Benoit-Bird 2003; Silk 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Au and Benoit-Bird 2003)
  • Three authors: (Saitta, Legron-Rodriguez and Bowdon 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hsiung et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

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