How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toms, DJ. 2010 Quantum gravitational contributions to quantum electrodynamics. Nature 468(7320): 56–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Samet, JM and Wipfli, HL. 2010 Globe still in grip of addiction. Nature 463(7284): 1020–1021.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hulme, M, O’Neill, SJ and Dessai, S. 2011 Climate change. Is weather event attribution necessary for adaptation funding?. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6057): 764–765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Laughlin, ST, Baskin, JM, Amacher, SL and Bertozzi, CR. 2008 In vivo imaging of membrane-associated glycans in developing zebrafish. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5876): 664–667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari, S. 2013. Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yalcin, S and Öberg, K (eds.). 2015. Neuroendocrine Tumours: Diagnosis and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, UM. 2012 Wilhelm Roepke’s Emphasis on the Local Community. In:. Backhaus, JG (ed.). Two Centuries of Local Autonomy. New York, NY: Springer. pp. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015. Google Hopes To Connect Indonesia To The Web With Internet-Beaming Balloons. IFLScience, 30 October 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007 Joint Planning and Development Office: Progress and Key Issues in Planning the Transition to the Next Generation Air Transportation System.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle, WB. 2005. Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing. Doctoral dissertation. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, R and Chan, S. 2017 Fatal Concert Blast Is Called Terror.. New York Times 22 May, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toms 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Samet and Wipfli 2010; Toms 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Samet and Wipfli 2010)
  • Three authors: (Hulme, O’Neill and Dessai 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Laughlin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

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