How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McSwain, M V 2014 Astrophysics: Black hole found orbiting a fast rotator, Nature, 505(7483): 296–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackenzie, A P and Grigera, S A 2005 Physics. A quantum critical route to field-induced superconductivity, Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5739): 1330–1331.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verma, T, Araújo, N A M and Herrmann, H J 2014 Revealing the structure of the world airline network, Scientific reports, 4: 5638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ohta, K, Onoda, S, Hirose, K, Sinmyo, R, Shimizu, K, Sata, N, Ohishi, Y and Yasuhara, A 2008 The electrical conductivity of post-perovskite in Earth’s D’’ layer, Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872): 89–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yalaoui, A, Chehade, H, Yalaoui, F and Amodeo, L 2012 Optimization of Logistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ng, C-H C, Fox, R and Nakano, M eds. 2016 Reforming Learning and Teaching in Asia-Pacific Universities: Influences of Globalised Processes in Japan, Hong Kong and Australia. Education in the Asia-Pacific Region: Issues, Concerns and Prospects. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Doran, B J and Burgess, M B 2012 Investigating Fear of Crime. In: Burgess, M.B. (ed.) Putting Fear of Crime on the Map: Investigating Perceptions of Crime Using Geographic Information Systems. New York, NY: Springer. pp. 67–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Hale, T 2017 Some Old (And Very Important) Mold Just Sold For $14,617. IFLScience, 2 March 2017. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1987 Weather Satellites: Economies Available by Converging Government Meteorological Satellites.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanner-Anderson, S L 2014 ‘The Road Less Traveled’: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M R 2017 Iraqi Forces Open a New Front Against ISIS in West Mosul. New York Times, 4 May, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDowell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kiessling 2006; Passey 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackenzie and Grigera 2005)
  • Three authors: (Verma, Araújo and Herrmann 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Losev et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

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