How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lopez, S 2008 Astronomy. The universe measured with a comb, Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5894): 1301–1302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba, J A R and Berger, E A 2006 Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT, Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5769): 1921–1924.
A journal article with 3 authors
Micol-Ponce, R, Aguilera, V and Ponce, M R 2014 A genetic screen for suppressors of a hypomorphic allele of Arabidopsis ARGONAUTE1, Scientific reports, 4: 5533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Turner, D L, Wilson, L B, 3rd, Liu, T Z, Cohen, I J, Schwartz, S J, Osmane, A, Fennell, J F, Clemmons, J H, Blake, J B, Westlake, J, Mauk, B H, Jaynes, A N, Leonard, T, Baker, D N, Strangeway, R J, Russell, C T, Gershman, D J, Avanov, L, Giles, B L, Torbert, R B, Broll, J, Gomez, R G, Fuselier, S A and Burch, J L 2018 Autogenous and efficient acceleration of energetic ions upstream of Earth’s bow shock, Nature, 561(7722): 206–210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C, Escobar, F and Serradj, A 2013 Thematic Cartography and Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Issariyakul, T 2012 Introduction to Network Simulator NS2. Second Edition. Hossain, E. (ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Möser, M and Barros, J L 2009 Sonido estructural. In: Barros, J.L. (ed.) Ingeniería Acústica: Teoría y Aplicaciones. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 115–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, E 2015 Treating Ebola Has Focused On The Physical – But There Will Be Mental Scars Too. IFLScience, 27 May 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989 Adolph T. Samuelson, 1946-1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perilla, J Y 2015 Support group for neonatal intensive care families: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M and Walsh, M W 2013 Surpluses Help, But Fiscal Woes For States Go On. New York Times, 1 June, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lopez 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kaleeba and Berger 2006; Lopez 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaleeba and Berger 2006)
  • Three authors: (Micol-Ponce, Aguilera and Ponce 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Turner et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

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