How to format your references using the Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology (JCAA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloch, I. 2008 Quantum gases. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5867): 1202–1203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, Z and Shafer, OT. 2014 The Drosophila circadian clock is a variably coupled network of multiple peptidergic units. Science (New York, N.Y.) 343(6178): 1516–1520.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska, J, Kassier, G and Feurer, T. 2014 Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution. Scientific reports 4: 5645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sengupta, S, Eavarone, D, Capila, I, Zhao, G, Watson, N, Kiziltepe, T and Sasisekharan, R. 2005 Temporal targeting of tumour cells and neovasculature with a nanoscale delivery system. Nature 436(7050): 568–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society. 2012. Recommendations for Design and Analysis of Earth Structures using Geosynthetic Reinforcements - EBGEO. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Perry, RP and Smart, JC (eds.). 2007. The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: An Evidence-Based Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nevile, JW. 2016 Policies to Minimise the Costs of Unemployment. In:. Harcourt, GC, Kriesler, P, and Nevile, JW (eds.). Post-Keynesian Essays from Down Under Volume III: Essays on Ethics, Social Justice and Economics: Theory and Policy in an Historical Context. ACOSS paper. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 45–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2015. NASA Releases Spectacular 5-Year Timelapse Of The Sun. IFLScience, 16 February 2015. Available at [Last accessed 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990 B-2 Bomber: Contract Structure and Selected Provisions.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, L. 2009. Perceived life satisfaction of previously undocumented Latino immigrants. Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2017 A Rural Retreat for New York City’s Angels and Gargoyles.. New York Times 5 May, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloch 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bloch 2008; Yao and Shafer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao and Shafer 2014)
  • Three authors: (Fabiańska, Kassier and Feurer 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sengupta et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computer Applications in Archaeology
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Appl. Archaeol.
ISSN (online)2514-8362

Other styles