How to format your references using the Current Infectious Disease Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Infectious Disease Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Norman MR. The challenge of unconventional superconductivity. Science. 2011;332:196–200.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lafuerza LF, Toral R. On the effect of heterogeneity in stochastic interacting-particle systems. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Passarelli L, Rivalta E, Shuler A. Dike intrusions during rifting episodes obey scaling relationships similar to earthquakes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3886.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Benz A, Krall M, Schwarz S, Dietze D, Detz H, Andrews AM, et al. Resonant metamaterial detectors based on THz quantum-cascade structures. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, Estellon B, Megel R. Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Zgrzywa A, Choroś K, Siemiński A, editors. New Research in Multimedia and Internet Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Minton GE. The Third Chapter. In: Minton GE, editor. John Bale’s “The Image of Both Churches.” Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 75–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Infectious Disease Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Century-Old Mystery of Epic Eel Migration Solved. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Research Supports Limited Use of Personal Computer Aviation Training Devices for Pilots. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jul. Report No.: RCED-99-143.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Moe R. The evolution and impact of the massive open online course [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. Oakley Rejects Plea Bargain And Demands Day in Court. New York Times. 2017 Jun 2;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Infectious Disease Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Infect. Dis. Rep.
ISSN (print)1523-3847
ISSN (online)1534-3146
ScopeInfectious Diseases

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