How to format your references using the Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2001. Public library set to turn publisher as boycott looms. Nature 412, 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Povolotskaya, I.S., Kondrashov, F.A., 2010. Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe. Nature 465, 922–926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willis, G.L., Moore, C., Armstrong, S.M., 2014. Parkinson’s disease, lights and melanocytes: looking beyond the retina. Sci. Rep. 4, 3921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, Y., Wang, L., Xue, Y., Jiang, L., Zheng, Y., 2013. Bioinspired tilt-angle fabricated structure gradient fibers: micro-drops fast transport in a long-distance. Sci. Rep. 3, 2927.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Bodic, G., 2005. Mobile Messaging Technologies and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Segalini, A. (Ed.), 2016. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Jets, Wakes and Separated Flows (ICJWSF2015), Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaxiola, F., Melin, P., Valdez, F., 2014. Neural Network with Fuzzy Weights Using Type-1 and Type-2 Fuzzy Learning with Gaussian Membership Functions, in: Castillo, O., Melin, P., Pedrycz, W., Kacprzyk, J. (Eds.), Recent Advances on Hybrid Approaches for Designing Intelligent Systems, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Scientists Detect Direct Evidence of Big Bang’s Gravitational Waves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/physics/scientists-detect-direct-evidence-big-bang’s-gravitational-waves/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Investing in the Very Young (No. 137163). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Proser, M., 2015. Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Liptak, A., Walsh, M.W., 2015. Top Court Will Decide Puerto Rico Debt Cases. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Butler, 2001; Povolotskaya and Kondrashov, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Povolotskaya and Kondrashov, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
AbbreviationPhys. Earth Planet. Inter.
ISSN (print)0031-9201
ScopeGeophysics
Space and Planetary Science
Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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