How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescent Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescent Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schneier B. Protecting privacy and liberty. Nature 2001;413:773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giovannoni S, Nemergut D. Ecology. Microbes ride the current. Science 2014;345:1246–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirchner JW, Feng X, Neal C. Fractal stream chemistry and its implications for contaminant transport in catchments. Nature 2000;403:524–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shang Y, Liu C, Cui D, et al. The effect of chronic bacterial prostatitis on semen quality in adult men: a meta-analysis of case-control studies. Sci Rep 2014;4:7233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickeson RC. Prioritizing Academic Programs and Services. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
Kreysa G, Ota K-I, Savinell RF, editors. Encyclopedia of Applied Electrochemistry. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S. Urban Systems As Place-Based Foci For Infrastructure Interactions. In: Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S, editors. Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities, Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2014, p. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescent Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers May Have Discovered The Consciousness On/Off Switch. Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Building Partner Capacity: Actions Needed to Strengthen DOD Efforts to Assess the Performance of the Regional Centers for Security Studies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts K. Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. A Manhunt That Began on Mulberry Street Ends in Florida. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescent Health
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc. Health
ISSN (print)1054-139X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles