How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescent Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescent Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jackson A. Intense equatorial flux spots on the surface of the Earth’s core. Nature 2003;424:760–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickware P, Smaglik P. Labs and companies seek their niches as work continues after the draft. Nature 2001;409:961–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mellman I, Coukos G, Dranoff G. Cancer immunotherapy comes of age. Nature 2011;480:480–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen H, Fallas JA, Lynch E, et al. De novo design of self-assembling helical protein filaments. Science 2018;362:705–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peat J, Elliott E, Baur L, et al. Scientific Writing Easy when you know how. London, WC: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Parenti-Castelli V, Schiehlen W, editors. ROMANSY 21 - Robot Design, Dynamics and Control: Proceedings of the 21st CISM-IFToMM Symposium, June 20-23, Udine, Italy. vol. 569. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Khan O, Kundu S. Microvisor: A Runtime Architecture for Thermal Management in Chip Multiprocessors. In: Stenström P, editor. Transactions on High-Performance Embedded Architectures and Compilers IV, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 84–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescent Health.

Blog post
Andrew D. What Is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome And What Happens If I Get It? Available at: AccessedOctober 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Capitation Support and Its Role in the Operation of Medical Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro JM. School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
DE WITT with MICHAEL KELLY K. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Candidate’s Record; Perot Pursued Charges Against Official for Years. New York Times 1992:118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescent Health
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc. Health
ISSN (print)1054-139X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles