How to format your references using the Journal of Adolescent Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Adolescent Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hodges A. The man behind the machine. Nature 2012;482:441.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Edgar BA, Kim KJ. Cell biology. Sizing up the cell. Science 2009;325:158–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stone L, Olinky R, Huppert A. Seasonal dynamics of recurrent epidemics. Nature 2007;446:533–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Cowan CA, Atienza J, Melton DA, et al. Nuclear reprogramming of somatic cells after fusion with human embryonic stem cells. Science 2005;309:1369–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Raczynski S. Modeling and Simulation. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Baracca A. Subalternity vs. Hegemony, Cuba’s Outstanding Achievements in Science and Biotechnology, 1959-2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ngah R, Salleh Z, Mamat WIW. Entrepreneurs’ Innovativeness Based on Emotional Intelligence (EI) Competencies Towards Entrepreneurial Success. In: Mohd Sidek NZ, Ali SM, Ismail M, editors. Proceedings of the ASEAN Entrepreneurship Conference 2014, Singapore: Springer; 2016, p. 49–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Adolescent Health.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Polar Invasion: How Plants And Animals Would Colonise An Ice-Free Antarctica. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/polar-invasion-how-plants-and-animals-would-colonise-ice-free-antarctica/. AccessedOctober 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Training: FAA Aviation Safety Inspectors Are Not Receiving Needed Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Wenger MC. Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Antilla S. Decades After Suit, Wall St. Bias Persists for Women. New York Times 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Adolescent Health
AbbreviationJ. Adolesc. Health
ISSN (print)1054-139X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Psychiatry and Mental health
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles