How to format your references using the Journal of Avian Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Avian Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tielens, A. G. G. M. 2003. Planetary science. Peering into stardust. - Science 300: 68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Au, W. W. L. and Benoit-Bird, K. J. 2003. Automatic gain control in the echolocation system of dolphins. - Nature 423: 861–863.
A journal article with 3 authors
Quattrociocchi, W., Caldarelli, G. and Scala, A. 2014. Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence. - Sci. Rep. 4: 4938.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Valleron, A. J., Boelle, P. Y., Will, R. and Cesbron, J. Y. 2001. Estimation of epidemic size and incubation time based on age characteristics of vCJD in the United Kingdom. - Science 294: 1726–1728.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Posudin, Y. 2014. Methods of Measuring Environmental Parameters. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ehrlenspiel, K. 2007. Cost-Efficient Design (A Kiewert, U Lindemann, and MS Hundal, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Ngom, A. and Rueda, L. 2012. A Framework of Gene Subset Selection Using Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm. - In: Shibuya, T. et al. (eds), Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 7th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2012, Tokyo, Japan, November 8-10, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, pp. 38–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Avian Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Can You Be Allergic To Your Wi-Fi? - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1977. Food Update, Volume 2, Issue 4.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eastwood, J. L. 2010. The effects of an interdisciplinary undergraduate human biology program on socioscientific reasoning, content learning, and understanding of inquiry.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006. Justices Ponder Relationship of Federal and State Courts. - New York Times: A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tielens 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Tielens 2003, Au and Benoit-Bird 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Au and Benoit-Bird 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Valleron et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Avian Biology
AbbreviationJ. Avian Biol.
ISSN (print)0908-8857
ISSN (online)1600-048X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles