How to format your references using the Journal of Avian Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Avian Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bobbert, P. A. 2014. Applied physics. Manipulating spin in organic spintronics. – Science 345: 1450–1451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi, J.-K. and Bowles, S. 2007. The coevolution of parochial altruism and war. – Science 318: 636–640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Y., Wang, J. and Zhang, X. 2013. Accurate determination of the vapor-liquid-solid contact line tension and the viability of Young equation. – Sci. Rep. 3: 2008.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Hanson, R., Dobrovitski, V. V., Feiguin, A. E., Gywat, O. and Awschalom, D. D. 2008. Coherent dynamics of a single spin interacting with an adjustable spin bath. – Science 320: 352–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quinlan, J. and VanderBrug, J. 2016. Gender Lens Investing. – John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dilworth, M. J., James, E. K., Sprent, J. I. and Newton, W. E.Eds. 2008. Nitrogen-fixing Leguminous Symbioses. – Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tapson, J., de Chazal, P. and van Schaik, A. 2015. Explicit Computation of Input Weights in Extreme Learning Machines. – In: Cao, J. et al. (eds), Proceedings of ELM-2014 Volume 1: Algorithms and Theories, Proceedings in Adaptation, Learning and Optimization. Springer International Publishing, pp. 41–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Avian Biology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2017. New EPA Chief Outlines How He’s Going To Neuter His Own Agency. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Aviation Safety: FAA Oversight of Repair Stations Needs Improvement.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ortega, R. 2012. Effects of cultural and linguistic differences in breast cancer screening behaviors among elderly Latina women. – Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010. Wilpons First Need To Replace Mind-Set. – New York Times. : B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bobbert 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Choi and Bowles 2007, Bobbert 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Choi and Bowles 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Avian Biology
AbbreviationJ. Avian Biol.
ISSN (print)0908-8857
ISSN (online)1600-048X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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