How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons, A. (2000). GENOMICS: Building a Case for Sequencing the Chimp. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5483), 1267a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Znamenskiy, P., & Zador, A. M. (2013). Corticostriatal neurons in auditory cortex drive decisions during auditory discrimination. Nature, 497(7450), 482–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfingsten, J. S., Costantino, D. A., & Kieft, J. S. (2006). Structural basis for ribosome recruitment and manipulation by a viral IRES RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5804), 1450–1454.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ricci-Vitiani, L., Lombardi, D. G., Pilozzi, E., Biffoni, M., Todaro, M., Peschle, C., & De Maria, R. (2007). Identification and expansion of human colon-cancer-initiating cells. Nature, 445(7123), 111–115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laheurte, J.-M., Ripoll, C., Paret, D., & Loussert, C. (2014). UHF RFID Technologies for Identification and Traceability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fog, K. (2005). Storytelling: Branding in Practice. (C. Budtz & B. Yakaboylu, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Weber-Jahnke, J. H. (2008). Modelling of Longitudinal Information Systems with Graph Grammars. In A. Schürr, M. Nagl, & A. Zündorf (Eds.), Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: Third International Symposium, AGTIVE 2007, Kassel, Germany, October 10-12, 2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers (pp. 59–65). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 9). Ancient Rhino Cousin Reorganizes Mammalian Family Tree. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Guaranteed Student Loans: Analysis of Insurance Premiums Charged by Guaranty Agencies (No. HRD-88-16BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denz, T. A. (2012). Performance Evaluation of a Magnetically Enhanced Micro-Cathode Vacuum Arc Thruster (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., & Corasaniti, N. (2017, March 25). One Nation, Under Fox. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbons, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gibbons, 2000; Znamenskiy & Zador, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Znamenskiy & Zador, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Pfingsten, Costantino, & Kieft, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ricci-Vitiani et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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