How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hertz, N. (2009). Recession Watch: Cooperation must rule. Nature, 457(7232), 962–963.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deckert, R., & Dameris, M. (2008). Atmospheric science. From ocean to stratosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5898), 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patek, S. N., Korff, W. L., & Caldwell, R. L. (2004). Biomechanics: deadly strike mechanism of a mantis shrimp. Nature, 428(6985), 819–820.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Cao, C., Tao, S., Chu, W., Wu, Z., & Li, Y. (2014). Ultrathin nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets: synthesis, characterizations and excellent supercapacitor performances. Scientific Reports, 4, 5787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fitzgerald, R. W., & Meacham, B. J. (2017). Fire Performance Analysis for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lu, C., & Verbridge, S. S. (Eds.). (2016). Microfluidic Methods for Molecular Biology. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Norcliffe, E., & Konopka, A. E. (2015). Vision and Language in Cross-Linguistic Research on Sentence Production. In R. K. Mishra, N. Srinivasan, & F. Huettig (Eds.), Attention and Vision in Language Processing (pp. 77–96). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 7). The Weather Channel Shuts Down Breitbart For Misleading Climate Change Article. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). School Nutrition: USDA Has Efforts Underway to Help Address Ongoing Challenges Implementing Changes in Nutrition Standards (GAO-15-656). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, I. M. (2015). The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present) [Doctoral dissertation]. Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S. (2015, May 19). 69 Red Flags Catch Up to a Broker. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hertz, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Deckert & Dameris, 2008; Hertz, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deckert & Dameris, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Patek et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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