How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Huybers, P. (2006). Early Pleistocene glacial cycles and the integrated summer insolation forcing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 508–511.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs, R. E., & Renner, S. S. (2012). Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6067), 464–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuberger, M., Zäch, M., & Spencer, N. D. (2001). Density fluctuations under confinement: when is a fluid not a fluid? Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5518), 905–908.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mühlschlegel, P., Eisler, H.-J., Martin, O. J. F., Hecht, B., & Pohl, D. W. (2005). Resonant optical antennas. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1607–1609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenning, A., Smith, A., Rochovská, A., & Świa̧tek, D. (2010). Domesticating Neo-Liberalism. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dunaif, A., Chang, R. J., Franks, S., & Legro, R. S. (Eds.). (2008). Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Backus, I. (2008). The Issue of Reformation Scepticism Revisited: What Erasmus and Sebastian Castellio Did or Did Not Know. In G. Paganini & J. R. M. Neto (Eds.), Renaissance Scepticisms (pp. 63–89). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 10). Contender For Most Massive Dinosaur May Not Have Been So Hefty After All. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). NASA Travel: Passenger Aircraft Services Annually Cost Taxpayers Millions More Than Commercial Airlines (GAO-05-818). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brady, D. C. (2008). The transforming Rho family GTPase, Wrch -1, regulates epithelial cell morphogenesis through modulating cell junctions and actin cytoskeletal dynamics [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, August 11). Dreams Taste Bittersweet As a Small Store Is Sold. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huybers, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Huybers, 2006; Ricklefs & Renner, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ricklefs & Renner, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Heuberger et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mühlschlegel et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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