How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, A. (2015). Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature, 517(7532), 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Praetorius, S. K., & Mix, A. C. (2014). Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6195), 444–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, W., Zhang, S., & Long, X. (2013). Polarisation control through an optical feedback technique and its application in precise measurements. Scientific Reports, 3, 1992.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tanaka, K., Mukae, N., Dewar, H., van Breugel, M., James, E. K., Prescott, A. R., … Tanaka, T. U. (2005). Molecular mechanisms of kinetochore capture by spindle microtubules. Nature, 434(7036), 987–994.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wartewig, S. (2005). IR and Raman Spectroscopy. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Katsikas, S., López, J., & Pernul, G. (Eds.). (2005). Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: Second International Conference, TrustBus 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark, August 22-26, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3592). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Y. H., & Paquet, A. C. (2005). Preprocessing Two-Color Spotted Arrays. In R. Gentleman, V. J. Carey, W. Huber, R. A. Irizarry, & S. Dudoit (Eds.), Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor (pp. 49–69). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, September 11). Small Birds Warring Over Nests Resort To Parasitism. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Practitioner Data Bank: Information on Small Medical Malpractice Payments (No. IMTEC-92-56). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark, K. N. (2012). Institutions and Self-Governing Social Systems: Linking Reflexivity and Institutional Theories for Cybersecurity and Other Commons Governance Policies (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bulkeley, K. (2013, October 20). Data-Mining Our Dreams. New York Times, p. SR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sincell, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2014; Pearson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Praetorius & Mix, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen, Zhang, & Long, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kishida et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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