How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandholm, T. (2015). Computer science. Solving imperfect-information games. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6218), 122–123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anastasiadou, E., & Slack, F. J. (2014). Cancer. Malicious exosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6216), 1459–1460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Trail, D., Watson, E. B., & Tailby, N. D. (2011). The oxidation state of Hadean magmas and implications for early Earth’s atmosphere. Nature, 480(7375), 79–82.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yin, J., Gao, F., Wei, C., & Lu, Q. (2014). Water amount dependence on morphologies and properties of ZnO nanostructures in double-solvent system. Scientific Reports, 4, 3736.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake, P. P., & Fabozzi, F. J. (2010). The Basics of Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nakagami, K., Kubota, J., & Setiawan, B. I. (Eds.). (2016). Sustainable Water Management: New Perspectives, Design, and Practices. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Edwards, K. L., & Clarke, G. (2013). SimObesity: Combinatorial Optimisation (Deterministic) Model. In R. Tanton & K. Edwards (Eds.), Spatial Microsimulation: A Reference Guide for Users (pp. 69–85). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, May 15). Germany Just Produced So Much Renewable Energy That It Had To Pay People To Use It. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Education Information: Production and Quality Deserve Increased Attention (T-PEMD-90-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T. H. (2015). Adolescent substance use family-based treatment: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns, A., & Remnick, N. (2016, August 5). Pence Breaks Ranks With Trump, Again, to Support Snubbed Republican Senators. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandholm, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Anastasiadou & Slack, 2014; Sandholm, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anastasiadou & Slack, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Trail et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

Other styles