How to format your references using the European Journal of Management and Business Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Management and Business Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seeman, N. C. (2003). DNA in a material world. Nature, 421(6921), 427–431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rubin, E. M., & Tall, A. (2000). Perspectives for vascular genomics. Nature, 407(6801), 265–269.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solov’yov, I. A., Domratcheva, T., & Schulten, K. (2014). Separation of photo-induced radical pair in cryptochrome to a functionally critical distance. Scientific Reports, 4, 3845.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fountain, A. G., Jacobel, R. W., Schlichting, R., & Jansson, P. (2005). Fractures as the main pathways of water flow in temperate glaciers. Nature, 433(7026), 618–621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allman, K., & Nogales, X. E. D. (2015). Impact Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cavallini, F. (2013). Quasi-Geostrophic Theory of Oceans and Atmosphere: Topics in the Dynamics and Thermodynamics of the Fluid Earth (F. Crisciani, Ed.; Vol. 45). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Soon, C. F., Youseffi, M., Blagden, N., Lobo, S. B., Javid, F. A., & Denyer, M. C. T. (2010). Interactions of Cells with Elastic Cholesteryl Liquid Crystals. In O. Dössel & W. C. Schlegel (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/10 Biomaterials, Cellular and Tussue Engineering, Artificial Organs (pp. 9–12). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Management and Business Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 13). Should Dying Patients Have The Right To Access Experimental Treatments? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Discretionary Grants: Education Needs to Improve Its Oversight of Grants Monitoring (GAO-17-266). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunhan-Senol, N. E. (2015). “I’m Turkish, I’m Honest...” I’m Autistic: Perceptions Regarding the Label of Autism [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A. (2014, September 13). Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seeman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Rubin & Tall, 2000; Seeman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rubin & Tall, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Solov’yov et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fountain et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Management and Business Economics
ISSN (print)2444-8451
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management

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