How to format your references using the Current Nutrition Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Nutrition Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. C Clarke SA. Stranger than science fiction. Science. 2000;289:727.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ives AR, Cardinale BJ. Food-web interactions govern the resistance of communities after non-random extinctions. Nature. 2004;429:174–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Franke KJ, Schulze G, Pascual JI. Competition of superconducting phenomena and Kondo screening at the nanoscale. Science. 2011;332:940–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kong XY, Ding Y, Yang R, Wang ZL. Single-crystal nanorings formed by epitaxial self-coiling of polar nanobelts. Science. 2004;303:1348–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stoican F, Olaru S. Set-theoretic Fault-tolerant Control in Multisensor Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Emerald E, Rinehart RE, Garcia A, editors. Global South Ethnographies: Minding the Senses. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stöhr J. Prion Protein Aggregation and FibrillogenesisIn Vitro. In: Harris JR, editor. Protein Aggregation and Fibrillogenesis in Cerebral and Systemic Amyloid Disease. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Nutrition Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Why Diplodocus Moms Laid Surprisingly Small Eggs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Cost Control Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: T-NSIAD-98-54.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Foley JD. Comparing Kac-Moody groups over the complex numbers and fields of positive characteristic via homotopy theory [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B. At a ‘Defense’ Expo, an Antiseptic World of Weaponry. New York Times. 2017 Feb 23;A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Nutrition Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Nutr. Rep.
ISSN (online)2161-3311

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