How to format your references using the Current Nutrition Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Nutrition Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hennecke U. Chemistry. Revealing the positive side of fluorine. Science. 2013;340:41–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thorsteinsdóttir H, Sáenz TW. History of science. Tackling meningitis in Africa. Science. 2012;338:1546–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Burkett V, Groat CG, Reed D. Hurricanes not the key to a sustainable coast. Science. 2007;315:1366–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ricci KA, Girosi F, Tarr PI, Lim Y-W, Mason C, Miller M, et al. Reducing stunting among children: the potential contribution of diagnostics. Nature. 2006;444 Suppl 1:29–38.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Harris J. The Utopian Globalists. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Thampi SM, Gelbukh A, Mukhopadhyay J, editors. Advances in Signal Processing and Intelligent Recognition Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gor’kov LP. Theory of Superconducting Alloys. In: Bennemann KH, Ketterson JB, editors. Superconductivity: Conventional and Unconventional Superconductors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 201–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Nutrition Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. How Octopuses Don’t Get Tangled Up [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. D.C. Court Orders. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Feb. Report No.: GGD-94-75R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hsieh H-C. Self-access center and autonomous learning: EFL college students’ motivations, activities and perceptions of learning effectiveness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. Friday File. New York Times. 2014 Dec 19;C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Nutrition Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Nutr. Rep.
ISSN (online)2161-3311

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