How to format your references using the Current Nutrition Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Nutrition Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Morgan JA. Ecology. Looking beneath the surface. Science. 2002;298:1903–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pedraza JM, van Oudenaarden A. Noise propagation in gene networks. Science. 2005;307:1965–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zheng R-L, Zhang H, Jiang W-L. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha 308G>A polymorphism and risk of rheumatic heart disease: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4731.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xie W, Barwick JL, Downes M, Blumberg B, Simon CM, Nelson MC, et al. Humanized xenobiotic response in mice expressing nuclear receptor SXR. Nature. 2000;406:435–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Grigorenko YN, Chilingar GV, Sobolev VS, Andiyeva TA, Zhukova LI. Petroleum Accumulation Zones on Continental Margins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Khokhlov AR, editor. Conformation-Dependent Design of Sequences in Copolymers II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kshirsagar M, Carbonell JG, Klein-Seetharaman J, Murugesan K. Multitask Matrix Completion for Learning Protein Interactions Across Diseases. In: Singh M, editor. Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 20th Annual Conference, RECOMB 2016, Santa Monica, CA, USA, April 17-21, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Nutrition Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Orthorexia Nervosa: When Righteous Eating Becomes An Obsession [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Protest Against NASA Contract for Janitorial Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jul. Report No.: B-178747.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Maddirala RR. Secure file transfers using mobile device [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Guantánamo Legal Battle Is Resuming. New York Times. 2007 Sep 2;114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Nutrition Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Nutr. Rep.
ISSN (online)2161-3311

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