How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity Records citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity Records. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wu S. State tomography via weak measurements. Sci. Rep. 2013 Feb 1;3:1193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marcus A, Oransky I. Science publishing: The paper is not sacred. Nature. 2011 Dec 21;480(7378):449–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rompolas P, Mesa KR, Greco V. Spatial organization within a niche as a determinant of stem-cell fate. Nature. 2013 Oct 24;502(7472):513–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Geijsen N, Uings IJ, Pals C, Armstrong J, McKinnon M, Raaijmakers JA, et al. Cytokine-specific transcriptional regulation through an IL-5Ralpha interacting protein. Science. 2001 Aug 10;293(5532):1136–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. The New CFO Financial Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Grendstad G. Unique Environmentalism: A Comparative Perspective. Selle P, Strømsnes K, Bortne Ø, editors. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben Messaoud MA, Bouzid A, Ellouze N. An Efficient Method for Fundamental Frequency Determination of Noisy Speech. In: Drugman T, Dutoit T, editors. Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing: 6th International Conference, NOLISP 2013, Mons, Belgium, June 19-21, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity Records.

Blog post
Andrew E. Cat Lovers Rejoice: Watching Online Videos Lowers Stress And Makes You Happy [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Central Artery/Tunnel Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Jun. Report No.: RCED-95-213R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda A. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Our Creation, Our Concern. New York Times. 2006 May 28;WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wu 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Marcus and Oransky 2011; Wu 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marcus and Oransky 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Geijsen et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity Records
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers. Rec.
ISSN (online)1755-2672
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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