How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity Records citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity Records. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Radman M. Fidelity and infidelity. Nature. 2001 Sep 13;413(6852):115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasahara T, Kato T. Nutritional biochemistry: A new redox-cofactor vitamin for mammals. Nature. 2003 Apr 24;422(6934):832.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ashton A, Murray AB, Arnault O. Formation of coastline features by large-scale instabilities induced by high-angle waves. Nature. 2001 Nov 15;414(6861):296–300.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knott SRV, Wagenblast E, Khan S, Kim SY, Soto M, Wagner M, et al. Erratum: Asparagine bioavailability governs metastasis in a model of breast cancer. Nature. 2018 Apr 4;556(7699):135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biswas S, Ray P, Chakrabarti BK. Statistical Physics of Fracture, Breakdown, and Earthquake. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
Atzmueller M, Hotho A, Strohmaier M, Chin A, editors. Analysis of Social Media and Ubiquitous Data: International Workshops MSM 2010, Toronto, Canada, June 13, 2010, and MUSE 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 20, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Degiorgio V, Cristiani I. Dispositivi a semiconduttore. In: Cristiani I, editor. Note di fotonica. Milano: Springer; 2012. p. 125–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity Records.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Incredible New Image Shows Earth From Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/you-can-see-australia-from-mars-in-this-amazing-new-nasa-image/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Potential for Cost Reduction in Providing Message Refile Services Through DOD Telecommunications Centers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 May. Report No.: LCD-76-128.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller RJ. An Investigation Examining the Perceived Implications of Principal Leadership Changing A Large Comprehensive High School into Smaller Learning Communities [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Asks for Help, With Creditors in Pursuit. New York Times. 2016 Jan 9;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Radman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kasahara and Kato 2003; Radman 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasahara and Kato 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Knott et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity Records
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers. Rec.
ISSN (online)1755-2672
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Oceanography
Ecology

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