How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity Records citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity Records. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Redressing the balance. Nature. 2003 Jul 31;424(6948):593.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay A, Gray J. 2020 computing: science in an exponential world. Nature. 2006 Mar 23;440(7083):413–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nederbragt AJ, van Loon AE, Dictus WJAG. Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline. Nature. 2002 Jun 20;417(6891):811–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zillohu AU, Abdelaziz R, Homaeigohar S, Krasnov I, Müller M, Strunskus T, et al. Biomimetic transferable surface for a real time control over wettability and photoerasable writing with water drop lens. Sci. Rep. 2014 Dec 10;4:7407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke D. Social Networks and their Economics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Khan N. Designing TSVs for 3D Integrated Circuits. Hassoun S, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Muller T, Liu Y, Mauw S, Zhang J. On Robustness of Trust Systems. In: Zhou J, Gal-Oz N, Zhang J, Gudes E, editors. Trust Management VIII: 8th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2014, Singapore, July 7-10, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 44–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity Records.

Blog post
Luntz S. Titan’s Atmosphere May Have Formed Before Saturn. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chemical Assessments: An Agencywide Strategy May Help EPA Address Unmet Needs for Integrated Risk Information System Assessments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 May. Report No.: GAO-13-369.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka J. The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isherwood C. A Puppet Musical Is Silly but Serious. New York Times. 2017 Jan 16;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Szalay and Gray 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay and Gray 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zillohu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity Records
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers. Rec.
ISSN (online)1755-2672
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Oceanography
Ecology

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