How to format your references using the Marine Biodiversity Records citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Biodiversity Records. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schleicher A. Education. Assessing literacy across a changing world. Science. 2010 Apr 23;328(5977):433–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conner SD, Schmid SL. Regulated portals of entry into the cell. Nature. 2003 Mar 6;422(6927):37–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ko HW, Jiang J, Edery I. Role for Slimb in the degradation of Drosophila Period protein phosphorylated by Doubletime. Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):673–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lastapis M, Martin M, Riedel D, Hellner L, Comtet G, Dujardin G. Picometer-scale electronic control of molecular dynamics inside a single molecule. Science. 2005 May 13;308(5724):1000–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held T. In-situ-Verfahren zur Boden- und Grundwassersanierung. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
Saha V, Kearns P, editors. New Agents for the Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Shukla P, Karthik MVK. Results and Discussions. In: Karthik MVK, editor. Computational Approaches in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for Effectual Bio-hydrogen Production. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 17–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Biodiversity Records.

Blog post
Andrew E. Albert Einstein Told Marie Curie To Ignore The Haters. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Difficulties in Comparing Annual Budgets for Science and Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-99-120.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker JS. Land Tenure in the Sugar Creek Watershed: A Contextual Analysis of Land Tenure and Social Networks, Intergenerational Farm Succession, and Conservation Use Among Farmers of Wayne County, Ohio [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. A Big Push To Get Going. New York Times. 2012 Jun 21;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schleicher 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Conner and Schmid 2003; Schleicher 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conner and Schmid 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lastapis et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Biodiversity Records
AbbreviationMar. Biodivers. Rec.
ISSN (online)1755-2672
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Oceanography
Ecology

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