How to format your references using the Journal of Atrial Fibrillation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation (JAFIB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cornet FH. SEISMOLOGY. Earthquakes induced by fluid injections. Science 2015; 348: 1204–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Talapin DV, Murray CB. PbSe nanocrystal solids for n- and p-channel thin film field-effect transistors. Science 2005; 310: 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Eggenschwiler JT, Espinoza E, Anderson KV. Rab23 is an essential negative regulator of the mouse Sonic hedgehog signalling pathway. Nature 2001; 412: 194–198.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Reiling E, Speksnijder EN, Pronk ACM, van den Berg SAA, Neggers SJW, Rietbroek I, van Steeg H, Dollé MET. Human TP53 polymorphism (rs1042522) modelled in mouse does not affect glucose metabolism and body composition. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 4091.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pesavento L, Smoleny S. A Trader’s Guide to Financial Astrology. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2015;
An edited book
1. Biocatalysis Based on Heme Peroxidases: Peroxidases as Potential Industrial Biocatalysts. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. 2010;
A chapter in an edited book
1. Plantefève R, Peterlik I, Courtecuisse H, Trivisonne R, Radoux J-P, Cotin S. Atlas-Based Transfer of Boundary Conditions for Biomechanical Simulation. In: P Golland,N Hata,C Barillot,J Hornegger,R Howe, eds. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham, Springer International Publishing. 2014; 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation.

Blog post
1. Taub B. How Card Players’ Eyes Give Their Hand Away. (accessed 2018October).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Technological and Regulatory Factors Affecting Consumer Choice of Internet Providers. 2000;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Runyan TE. A Machine Learning Approach to Quantifying Likely Locations of Gas and Gas Hydrate Accumulation. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Detainee Case Hits on Limits Of Presidency. New York Times 2006; A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atrial Fibrillation
AbbreviationJ. Atr. Fibrillation
ISSN (print)1941-6911
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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