How to format your references using the Journal of Atrial Fibrillation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation (JAFIB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brandenburg A. Cosmology. Magnetic mysteries. Science 2001; 292: 2440–2441.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Casanova J-L, Abel L. Primary immunodeficiencies: a field in its infancy. Science 2007; 317: 617–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alley RB, Fahnestock M, Joughin I. Climate change. Understanding glacier flow in changing times. Science 2008; 322: 1061–1062.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Brixner T, Stenger J, Vaswani HM, Cho M, Blankenship RE, Fleming GR. Two-dimensional spectroscopy of electronic couplings in photosynthesis. Nature 2005; 434: 625–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Terré M, Pischella M, Vivier E. Wireless Telecommunication Systems. Hoboken, NJ USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013;
An edited book
1. Humphries P. Hereditary Retinopathies: Progress in Development of Genetic and Molecular Therapies. New York, NY, Springer. 2012;
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stelzer V, Quintero A. Climate Change Impacts on the Energy Sector and Adaptation Options. In: K Krellenberg,B Hansjürgens, eds. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. 2014; 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Is Glass A Solid Or A Liquid? (accessed 2018October).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Federal Web-based Tool on Private Loans Would Pose Implementation Challenges and May Be Unnecessary. 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Graham OB. The Chiron Complex: From Spiritual Bypassing to Individuation. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Letting Nothing Stop the Streak. New York Times 1999; F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atrial Fibrillation
AbbreviationJ. Atr. Fibrillation
ISSN (print)1941-6911
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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