How to format your references using the Journal of Atrial Fibrillation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation (JAFIB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Frey PA. Enzymology. Coenzymes and radicals. Science 2001; 294: 2489–2490.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hewitt SC, Korach KS. Cell biology. A hand to support the implantation window. Science 2011; 331: 863–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Silva-Santos B, Pennington DJ, Hayday AC. Lymphotoxin-mediated regulation of gammadelta cell differentiation by alphabeta T cell progenitors. Science 2005; 307: 925–928.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Yogodzinski GM, Lees JM, Churikova TG, Dorendorf F, Wöerner G, Volynets ON. Geochemical evidence for the melting of subducting oceanic lithosphere at plate edges. Nature 2001; 409: 500–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cruz MG, Peters GW, Shevchenko PV. Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2015;
An edited book
1. Advanced Techniques in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining. London, Springer. 2005;
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fisher CT. Agricultural Intensification in the Lake Pátzcuaro Basin. In: TL Thurston,CT Fisher, eds. Studies in Human Ecology and Adaptation. Boston, MA, Springer US. 2007; 91–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. New Evidence From Prehistoric Human Teeth Reveals What The “Paleo Diet” Really Looked Like — And It’s Not What You Think. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-evidence-from-prehistoric-human-teeth-reveals-what-the-paleo-diet-really-looked-like-and-its-not-what-you-think/ (accessed 2018October).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. School Improvement Grants: Education Should Take Additional Steps to Enhance Accountability for Schools and Contractors. 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Louviere EC. Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices to Expand Review of “Partial-Birth” Abortion Ban. New York Times 2006; A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atrial Fibrillation
AbbreviationJ. Atr. Fibrillation
ISSN (print)1941-6911
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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