How to format your references using the Journal of Atrial Fibrillation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation (JAFIB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Woof JM. Immunology. Tipping the scales toward more effective antibodies. Science 2005; 310: 1442–1443.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Koch C, Reid RC. Neuroscience: Observatories of the mind. Nature 2012; 483: 397–398.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Trumbore S, Brando P, Hartmann H. Forest health and global change. Science 2015; 349: 814–818.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Du J, Zhou Y, Su X, Yu JJ, Khan S, Jiang H, Kim J, Woo J, Kim JH, Choi BH, He B, Chen W, Zhang S, Cerione RA, Auwerx J, Hao Q, Lin H. Sirt5 is a NAD-dependent protein lysine demalonylase and desuccinylase. Science 2011; 334: 806–809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tripathi N, Singh RS, Hills CD. Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2016;
An edited book
1. Molecular Mimicry: Infection-Inducing Autoimmune Disease. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. 2005;
A chapter in an edited book
1. d’Andréa-Novel B, De Lara M. Continuous-Time Linear Dynamical Systems. In: M De Lara, eds. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. 2013; 97–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atrial Fibrillation.

Blog post
1. Fang J. A Man’s Arachnophobia Was Literally Cut Out Of His Brain. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scared-spiders-mans-arachnophobia-was-cut-out-his-brain/ (accessed 2018October).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Guaranteed Student Loan Program Bankruptcies. 1977;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Teague HL. A Mixed Methods Study of Online Course Facilitators’ Perceptions of Mobile Technology, Design, and TPaCK Affordances. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Every Justice Creates a New Court. New York Times 2009; A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atrial Fibrillation
AbbreviationJ. Atr. Fibrillation
ISSN (print)1941-6911
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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